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Ventricular hypertrophy

Select all: Gene symbolChrAvg % covered at 10xLocus TypeNoteOMIMPrevious symbol(s)Phenotype(s)Slice(s)
AGL1p21.2100%gene with protein product610860Autosomal recessive inheritance; Broad nasal tip; Cardiomyopathy; Deeply set eye; Depressed nasal bridge; Distal amyotrophy; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Full cheeks; Hepatic fibrosis; Hepatomegaly; Hyperlipidemia; Hypertriglyceridemia; Hypoglycemia; Immunodeficiency; Intellectual disability, mild; Malar flattening; Midface retrusion; Muscle weakness; Myopathy; Short stature; Thin upper lip vermilion; Ventricular hypertrophyRhabdomyolysis
CACNA1D3p21.1100%gene with protein product114206CCHL1A2, CACNL1A2Abnormal circulating renin; Athetosis; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bradycardia; Caesarian section; Cerebral palsy; Cortical visual impairment; Decreased circulating renin level; EMG: impaired neuromuscular transmission; Focal myoclonic seizures; Focal seizures with impairment of consciousness or awareness; Generalized tonic-clonic seizures; Global developmental delay; Hearing impairment; Hyperaldosteronism; Hypertension; Hypokalemia; Intellectual disability, severe; Left ventricular hypertrophy; Metabolic alkalosis; Polydipsia; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Second degree atrioventricular block; Spastic paraplegia; Ventricular hypertrophy
CHST310q22.1100%gene with protein product603799Abnormal form of the vertebral bodies; Abnormality of cardiovascular system morphology; Abnormally large globe; Accelerated skeletal maturation; Amblyopia; Aortic regurgitation; Aortic root aneurysm; Aortic valve stenosis; Arthralgia; Arthropathy; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Barrel-shaped chest; Bicuspid aortic valve; Bilateral elbow dislocations; Bilateral single transverse palmar creases; Brachycephaly; Brachydactyly; Broad distal phalanges of all fingers; Broad forehead; Camptodactyly of finger; Cardiomegaly; Cleft palate; Congenital glaucoma; Coronal cleft vertebrae; Cubitus valgus; Cutis laxa; Decreased hip abduction; Delayed eruption of teeth; Delayed gross motor development; Delayed skeletal maturation; Depressed nasal bridge; Deviation of the 5th finger; Disproportionate short-trunk short stature; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Elbow dislocation; Elbow flexion contracture; Enlarged joints; Enlarged metaphyses; Esotropia; Fixed elbow flexion; Flattened epiphysis; Flexion contracture; Frontal bossing; Generalized bone demineralization; Genu valgum; Hearing impairment; High palate; Highly arched eyebrow; Hip dislocation; Hydrocephalus; Hypermetropia; Hypertelorism; Hypoplasia of the capital femoral epiphysis; Hypoplasia of the ulna; Intervertebral space narrowing; Irregular epiphyses; Irregular vertebral endplates; Joint laxity; Knee dislocation; Kyphoscoliosis; Left ventricular hypertrophy; Limited hip extension; Long philtrum; Low posterior hairline; Low-set ears; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Metatarsus adductus; Microdontia; Microtia; Midface retrusion; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral stenosis; Mitral valve prolapse; Motor delay; Multiple carpal ossification centers; Multiple joint dislocation; Narrow chest; Narrow mouth; Narrow vertebral interpedicular distance; Osteopenia; Patent foramen ovale; Pes planus; Prominent forehead; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Pulmonic stenosis; Radioulnar synostosis; Rhizomelia; Scoliosis; Shield chest; Short distal phalanx of finger; Short femoral neck; Short metacarpal; Short neck; Short phalanx of finger; Shoulder dislocation; Small epiphyses; Small face; Sparse and thin eyebrow; Sparse eyebrow; Spatulate thumbs; Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia; Talipes equinovalgus; Talipes equinovarus; Thick eyebrow; Tibial bowing; Tricuspid regurgitation; Tricuspid stenosis; Ulnar bowing; Ventricular hypertrophy; Ventricular septal defect; Waddling gait; Wide intermamillary distance; Widely spaced teeth
FHL1Xq26.3100%gene with protein product300163Abnormality of the voice; Adult onset; Areflexia; Arrhythmia; Back pain; Brachyturricephaly; Broad nail; Broad palm; Camptodactyly of toe; Cardiomyopathy; Congenital hip dislocation; Dislocation of toes; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Everted lower lip vermilion; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Frequent falls; Hallux valgus; Hyperlordosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hyporeflexia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Joint contracture of the hand; Kyphosis; Limited elbow movement; Low-set ears; Lower limb muscle weakness; Marked muscular hypertrophy; Mitral regurgitation; Myofibrillar myopathy; Posteriorly rotated ears; Progressive; Progressive pes cavus; Prominent supraorbital ridges; Proximal muscle weakness; Pugilistic facies; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Retrognathia; Rimmed vacuoles; Scapular winging; Scapuloperoneal myopathy; Scapuloperoneal weakness; Scoliosis; Short neck; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spinal rigidity; Steppage gait; Synophrys; Ventricular hypertrophy; Waddling gait; X-linked dominant inheritance; X-linked inheritance; X-linked recessive inheritanceRhabdomyolysis
GPR101Xq26.3100%gene with protein product300393Abnormal toenail morphology; Abnormality of the fingernails; Acanthosis nigricans; Accelerated skeletal maturation; Anterior hypopituitarism; Anxiety; Arthralgia; Broad foot; Broad forehead; Broad jaw; Cerebral palsy; Coarse facial features; Cortical diaphyseal thickening of the upper limbs; Deep palmar crease; Deep plantar creases; Depressivity; Diabetes mellitus; Dysmenorrhea; Fatigue; Frontal bossing; Full cheeks; Generalized hirsutism; Growth hormone excess; Hoarse voice; Hyperhidrosis; Hypertension; Joint swelling; Kyphosis; Large hands; Long face; Long foot; Long penis; Macrodactyly; Macroglossia; Macrotia; Mandibular prognathia; Migraine; Osteoarthritis; Palpebral edema; Paresthesia; Pituitary adenoma; Pituitary prolactin cell adenoma; Polyphagia; Sleep apnea; Snoring; Spinal canal stenosis; Synophrys; Tall stature; Tapered finger; Thick lower lip vermilion; Ventricular hypertrophy; Wide nose; Widely spaced teeth; X-linked dominant inheritance
GYG13q24100%gene with protein product603942GYGAbdominal wall muscle weakness; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy; Cardiomyopathy; Decreased muscle glycogen content; Decreased muscle mass; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Exertional dyspnea; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Increased mitochondrial number; Left ventricular septal hypertrophy; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Muscle weakness; Neck flexor weakness; Palpitations; Right bundle branch block; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slow progression; ST segment elevation; T-wave inversion; Upper limb muscle weakness; Variable expressivity; Ventricular arrhythmia; Ventricular fibrillation; Ventricular hypertrophy; Ventricular tachycardia; VertigoRhabdomyolysis
LMNA1q22100%gene with protein product150330LMN1, CMD1A, LGMD1B, PRO1, LMNL1Abnormal atrioventricular conduction; Abnormal cellular phenotype; Abnormal electrophysiology of sinoatrial node origin; Abnormal eyebrow morphology; Abnormal hair whorl; Abnormal trabecular bone morphology; Abnormality of circulating leptin level; Abnormality of retinal pigmentation; Abnormality of the Achilles tendon; Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the foot; Abnormality of the intrahepatic bile duct; Abnormality of the nail; Abnormality of the pinna; Abnormality of the pulmonary artery; Abnormality of the testis; Abnormality of the voice; Absence of pubertal development; Absence of subcutaneous fat; Absent eyebrow; Absent eyelashes; Acanthosis nigricans; Accelerated atherosclerosis; Achilles tendon contracture; Acroosteolysis of distal phalanges (feet); Acute pancreatitis; Adipose tissue loss; Adrenal hypoplasia; Advanced eruption of teeth; Alopecia; Alopecia universalis; Aminoaciduria; Angina pectoris; Aortic atherosclerosis; Aortic root aneurysm; Aortic valve calcification; Aortic valve stenosis; Aplasia of the middle phalanx of the hand; Aplasia of the phalanges of the 3rd toe; Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the nose; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the clavicles; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the earlobes; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the eyebrow; Aplasia/Hypoplastia of the eccrine sweat glands; Aplastic clavicles; Areflexia; Arrhythmia; Arteriosclerosis of small cerebral arteries; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Atherosclerosis; Atrial arrhythmia; Atrial fibrillation; Atrial flutter; Atrial septal defect; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Axonal degeneration/regeneration; Basal cell carcinoma; Bilateral coxa valga; Bird-like facies; Blepharophimosis; Brachydactyly; Bradycardia; Broad-based gait; Calcinosis; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Choanal atresia; Chondrocalcinosis; Clinodactyly; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle; Congestive heart failure; Convex nasal ridge; Coronary artery atherosclerosis; Craniofacial disproportion; Cyanosis; Decreased adiponectin level; Decreased calvarial ossification; Decreased cervical spine flexion due to contractures of posterior cervical muscles; Decreased circulating high-density lipoprotein levels; Decreased fertility; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased serum estradiol; Decreased serum leptin; Decreased skull ossification; Decreased testosterone in males; Delayed cranial suture closure; Delayed eruption of teeth; Delayed puberty; Dental crowding; Dermal atrophy; Dermal translucency; Diabetes mellitus; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty running; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal lower limb amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Down-sloping shoulders; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emphysema; Enlarged peripheral nerve; Entropion; Epidermal hyperkeratosis; Failure to thrive; Fasting hyperinsulinemia; Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles; Feeding difficulties; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Fragile nails; Full cheeks; Gait disturbance; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hyperkeratosis; Generalized lipodystrophy; Generalized osteoporosis; Global developmental delay; Glucose intolerance; Glycosuria; Growth delay; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; High palate; High pitched voice; Hirsutism; Hydropic placenta; Hypercholesterolemia; Hyperglycemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hyperinsulinemia; Hyperkeratosis; Hyperlipidemia; Hyperlordosis; Hypermetropia; Hyperphosphatemia; Hypertelorism; Hypertension; Hypertriglyceridemia; Hypodontia; Hypogonadism; Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism; Hypohidrosis; Hypoplasia of teeth; Hypoplastic facial bones; Hypoplastic nipples; Hyporeflexia; Hypospadias; Hypotrichosis; Increased adipose tissue around the neck; Increased anterioposterior diameter of thorax; Increased facial adipose tissue; Increased intraabdominal fat; Increased intramuscular fat; Infertility; Insulin resistance; Insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus; Intermittent claudication; Intervertebral disc degeneration; Intracranial hemorrhage; Intrauterine growth retardation; Joint stiffness; Juvenile onset; Keratoconjunctivitis sicca; Kyphoscoliosis; Kyphosis; Labial pseudohypertrophy; Lack of skin elasticity; Large fontanelles; Laryngomalacia; Limb muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscle atrophy; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; Limitation of joint mobility; Lipoatrophy; Lipodystrophy; Loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue in limbs; Loss of truncal subcutaneous adipose tissue; Low-set ears; Macrotia; Malar flattening; Meningioma; Metaphyseal widening; Micrognathia; Midface retrusion; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Minimal subcutaneous fat; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve calcification; Motor delay; Mottled pigmentation; Multiple joint contractures; Muscle hypertrophy of the lower extremities; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myalgia; Myocardial infarction; Myopathy; Nail dysplasia; Narrow face; Narrow mouth; Narrow nasal ridge; Narrow nasal tip; Nasal speech; Natal tooth; Neck muscle weakness; Neoplasm of the breast; Neoplasm of the lung; Neoplasm of the oral cavity; Neoplasm of the skin; Neoplasm of the small intestine; Neoplasm of the thyroid gland; Onion bulb formation; Onset; Osteoarthritis; Osteolysis; Osteolytic defects of the distal phalanges of the hand; Osteolytic defects of the phalanges of the hand; Osteopenia; Osteoporosis; Osteosarcoma; Ovarian neoplasm; Overtubulated long bones; Ovoid vertebral bodies; Papillary renal cell carcinoma; Patchy hypo- and hyperpigmentation; Patent ductus arteriosus; Pelvic girdle amyotrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Pericardial effusion; Peripheral arterial stenosis; Peripheral axonal atrophy; Peroneal muscle atrophy; Peroneal muscle weakness; Pes cavus; Pes planus; Pili torti; Polycystic ovaries; Polyhydramnios; Poor head control; Postnatal growth retardation; Precocious atherosclerosis; Precocious puberty; Premature arteriosclerosis; Premature birth; Premature coronary artery atherosclerosis; Premature delivery because of cervical insufficiency or membrane fragility; Premature graying of hair; Premature loss of teeth; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Premature rupture of membranes; Premature skin wrinkling; Progeroid facial appearance; Progressive; Progressive clavicular acroosteolysis; Prolonged prothrombin time; Prominent forehead; Prominent scalp veins; Prominent superficial blood vessels; Prominent superficial veins; Proptosis; Proximal muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness in upper limbs; Proximal upper limb muscle hypertrophy; Ptosis; Pulmonary carcinoid tumor; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Reduced subcutaneous adipose tissue; Renal neoplasm; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Restricted neck movement due to contractures; Reticulated skin pigmentation; Retinal degeneration; Retrognathia; Rocker bottom foot; Round face; Scaling skin; Scapular winging; Scleroderma; Sclerosis of hand bone; Secondary amenorrhea; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Severe muscular hypotonia; Short clavicles; Short distal phalanx of finger; Short nail; Short palm; Short palpebral fissure; Short stature; Short umbilical cord; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Skeletal muscle hypertrophy; Skin erosion; Skin ulcer; Slow progression; Small placenta; Sparse and thin eyebrow; Sparse body hair; Sparse eyebrow; Sparse eyelashes; Sparse hair; Sparse or absent eyelashes; Sparse scalp hair; Spinal rigidity; Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin; Steppage gait; Stiff skin; Stillbirth; Structural foot deformity; Subcutaneous calcification; Submucous cleft hard palate; Sudden cardiac death; Supraventricular arrhythmia; Syncope; Syndactyly; Talipes; Tapering pointed ends of distal finger phalanges; Telangiectasia of the skin; Telecanthus; Temporomandibular joint ankylosis; Thin bony cortex; Thin clavicles; Thin nail; Thin ribs; Thin skin; Thin vermilion border; Thrombocytosis; Type II diabetes mellitus; Upper limb muscle weakness; Ureteral duplication; Variable expressivity; Ventricular arrhythmia; Ventricular hypertrophy; White forelock; Wide nasal bridge; Widely patent fontanelles and sutures; Wormian bones; X-linked inheritance; XanthomatosisHeterotaxy ; Obesity; Palmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis; Rhabdomyolysis
NSMCE28q24.13100%gene with protein product617246C8orf36Abdominal aortic aneurysm; Acanthosis nigricans; Acute pancreatitis; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cone-shaped epiphysis; Congestive heart failure; Elevated circulating follicle stimulating hormone level; Elevated circulating luteinizing hormone level; Glucose intolerance; Glycosuria; Hepatic steatosis; Hypertension; Hypertriglyceridemia; Insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus; Malar prominence; Metaphyseal widening; Microcephaly; Micrognathia; Microretrognathia; Primary gonadal insufficiency; Retinal detachment; Severe short-limb dwarfism; Skin tags; Slender long bone; Ventricular hypertrophy
RPL51p22.1100%gene with protein product603634Abnormality of the genital system; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the urinary system; Arrhythmia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Bifid uvula; Cleft palate; Cleft upper lip; Delayed puberty; Failure to thrive; Fatigue; Growth delay; Hypertelorism; Increased mean corpuscular volume; Macrocytic anemia; Micrognathia; Migraine; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve prolapse; Pallor; Patent ductus arteriosus; Persistence of hemoglobin F; Short thumb; Tetralogy of Fallot; Tracheomalacia; Ventricular hypertrophy; Ventricular septal defectAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
SGCD5q33.2-q33.3100%gene with protein product601411Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Gowers sign; Muscular dystrophy; Proximal amyotrophy; Proximal muscle weakness; Reduced systolic function; Scapular winging; Ventricular hypertrophyRhabdomyolysis
SLC25A203p21.31100%gene with protein product613698CACTAbnormality of skeletal muscles; Atrioventricular block; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bradycardia; Cardiomyopathy; Cardiorespiratory arrest; Coma; Decreased plasma carnitine; Dicarboxylic aciduria; Elevated creatine kinase after exercise; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated plasma acylcarnitine levels; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Encephalopathy; Fasting hypoglycemia; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hyperammonemia; Hypoglycemia; Hypoketotic hypoglycemia; Hypotension; Irritability; Lethargy; Muscle weakness; Respiratory insufficiency; Rhabdomyolysis; Seizures; Ventricular extrasystoles; Ventricular hypertrophy; Ventricular tachycardiaRhabdomyolysis
SLC2A1020q13.12100%gene with protein product606145Abnormal carotid artery morphology; Abnormal thrombosis; Aortic dissection; Aortic regurgitation; Aortic root aneurysm; Aortic tortuosity; Aortic valve stenosis; Arachnodactyly; Arterial stenosis; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Blepharophimosis; Bruising susceptibility; Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Congenital onset; Congestive heart failure; Convex nasal ridge; Craniosynostosis; Cutis laxa; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Fatigue; Femoral hernia; Flexion contracture; Generalized arterial tortuosity; Generalized hypotonia; Hiatus hernia; High palate; Hyperextensible skin; Hypertelorism; Hypertension; Inguinal hernia; Ischemic stroke; Joint hyperflexibility; Joint laxity; Long face; Long philtrum; Macrotia; Median cleft lip and palate; Micrognathia; Pectus carinatum; Pectus excavatum; Pulmonary artery stenosis; Soft, doughy skin; Telangiectases of the cheeks; Telangiectasia of the skin; Thin skin; Umbilical hernia; Ventricular hypertrophy
TNNI319q13.4100%gene with protein product191044CMD2AAutosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cardiomyopathy; Congestive heart failure; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Heterogeneous; Juvenile onset; Restrictive cardiomyopathy; Ventricular hypertrophy; Ventriculomegaly; Young adult onset

The gene coverage data provided by GeneDx represent an estimate based on previous results, but the specific sequencing coverage data for the genes selected may vary from individual to individual, and cannot be predicted exactly. Changes to an approved gene list can only be made by contacting GeneDx directly at 888-729-1206 and asking to speak with a member of our Whole Exome Sequencing Laboratory.


Customize below OR enter Suggested Slice ID on printed requisition form
(e.g. 706 XomeDxSlice - Slice ID: CS-Albinism).

Suggested Slice IDSuggested Gene List Name
CS-AAAplastic Anemia
CS-AutoImmuneAutoimmune Disorders
CS-BBSBardet-Biedl Syndrome
CS-BMFBone Marrow Failure Syndromes
CS-CVIDCommon Variable Immune Deficiency
CS-CKUTCongenital Kidney and Urinary Tract (CKUT) Anomalies
CS-DSDDisorders of Sex Development
CS-EDEctodermal Dysplasia
CS-FAFanconi Anemia
CS-AnemiaHemolytic Anemia
CS-IBDInflammatory Bowel Disease
CS-MaleInfMale Infertility
CS-WWSMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg)
CS-NephroticNephrotic Syndrome
CS-PPKCIPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
CS-Primary ImmunodefPrimary Immunodeficiency
CS-SRTDShort-Rib Thoracic Dysplasia
CS-WSWaardenburg Syndrome