XomeDxSlice Tool

Now Available - NEW XomeDxSlice Xpanded – Custom slice testing with trio analysis for lists >150 genes.

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Phenotypes
Limb muscle weakness

Select all: Gene symbolChrAvg % covered at 10xLocus TypeNoteOMIMPrevious symbol(s)Phenotype(s)Slice(s)
ACTA11q42.13100%gene with protein product102610ACTAAbnormality on pulmonary function testing; Achilles tendon contracture; Areflexia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autophagic vacuoles; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Bulbar palsy; Cardiac conduction abnormality; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Difficulty climbing stairs; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal muscle weakness; Dysphagia; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; EMG: neuropathic changes; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Frequent falls; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hamstring contractures; Hand muscle atrophy; Handgrip myotonia; Heterogeneous; High palate; Hip contracture; Hyperlordosis; Hyporeflexia; Increased connective tissue; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Late-onset distal muscle weakness; Limb muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; Long face; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Mask-like facies; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscle fiber splitting; Muscular hypotonia; Myofibrillar myopathy; Myopathic facies; Myopathy; Narrow face; Neck flexor weakness; Neck muscle weakness; Nemaline bodies; Neonatal hypotonia; Pectus excavatum; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Pneumonia; Polyhydramnios; Poor head control; Progressive muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Recurrent respiratory infections; Reduced tendon reflexes; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Retrognathia; Rimmed vacuoles; Scoliosis; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Torticollis; Type 1 fibers relatively smaller than type 2 fibers; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait; Weak cry; Wrist dropRhabdomyolysis
AMPD11p13.2100%gene with protein product102770Autosomal recessive inheritance; Exercise-induced muscle fatigue; Exercise-induced myalgia; Increased muscle fatiguability; Limb muscle weakness; Muscle cramps; Muscle weakness; Phenotypic variability
AMPD311p15.4100%gene with protein product102772Exercise-induced muscle fatigue; Exercise-induced myalgia; Limb muscle weakness; Muscle cramps
ARXq1299.99%gene with protein productPlease note spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy is associated with a repeat expansion in the AR gene which may not be detected by XomeDxSlice.313700DHTR, SBMAAbnormality of the mouth; Abnormality of the rib cage; Absent axillary hair; Absent facial hair; Absent pubic hair; Absent vas deferens; Adult onset; Aplasia of the uterus; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the fallopian tube; Azoospermia; Bifid scrotum; Blind vagina; Bulbar palsy; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Cryptorchidism; Decreased fertility; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; Elevated circulating follicle stimulating hormone level; Elevated circulating luteinizing hormone level; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Erectile abnormalities; Fasciculations; Female external genitalia in individual with 46,XY karyotype; Female pseudohermaphroditism; Gait disturbance; Gonadal neoplasm; Growth abnormality; Gynecomastia; Hypogonadism; Hyporeflexia; Hypospadias; Infertility; Inguinal hernia; Labial hypoplasia; Limb muscle weakness; Male pseudohermaphroditism; Micropenis; Muscle cramps; Muscular hypotonia; Neoplasm; Nephrolithiasis; Osteoporosis; Perineal hypospadias; Peripheral neuropathy; Primary amenorrhea; Sensory neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slow progression; Sparse axillary hair; Sparse pubic hair; Testicular atrophy; Tremor; X-linked recessive inheritanceAplastic Anemia ; Autoimmune Disorders ; Bardet-Biedl Syndrome ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes ; Disorders of Sex Development; Ectodermal Dysplasia ; Heterotaxy ; Inflammatory Bowel Disease ; Muscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg); Nephrotic Syndrome ; Obesity; Palmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
BVES6q21100%gene with protein product604577Autosomal recessive inheritance; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Limb muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Loss of ability to walk; Muscular dystrophy; Sinus bradycardia; Syncope
CD5911p13100%gene with protein product107271MIC11, MIN1, MSK21, MIN2, MIN3Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Generalized hypotonia; Hemolytic anemia; Increased CSF protein; Infantile onset; Limb muscle weakness; Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria; Skeletal muscle atrophyHemolytic Anemia
CHRNE17p13.2100%gene with protein product100725Abnormality of the immune system; Apneic episodes precipitated by illness, fatigue, stress; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bulbar palsy; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased miniature endplate potentials; Decreased muscle mass; Decreased size of nerve terminals; Dental malocclusion; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; EMG: decremental response of compound muscle action potential to repetitive nerve stimulation; Facial palsy; Fatigable weakness; Feeding difficulties; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized hypotonia due to defect at the neuromuscular junction; Gowers sign; High palate; Infantile onset; Limb muscle weakness; Long face; Mandibular prognathia; Motor delay; Muscle cramps; Muscular hypotonia; Neck muscle weakness; Neonatal hypotonia; Nonprogressive; Ophthalmoparesis; Ophthalmoplegia; Poor suck; Ptosis; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Strabismus; Sudden episodic apnea; Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy; Variable expressivity; Weak cry
COLQ3p25.1100%gene with protein product603033Abnormality of the immune system; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased muscle mass; Decreased size of nerve terminals; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; EMG: decremental response of compound muscle action potential to repetitive nerve stimulation; Fatigable weakness; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Hyperlordosis; Infantile onset; Limb muscle weakness; Ophthalmoparesis; Prolonged miniature endplate currents; Ptosis; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scoliosis; Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy; Weak cry
DYNC1H114q32.31100%gene with protein product600112DNECL, DNCL, DNCH1Abnormality of the foot; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Childhood onset; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased patellar reflex; Difficulty running; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Downslanted palpebral fissures; EMG: neuropathic changes; Focal seizures; Frequent falls; Gait disturbance; Hyporeflexia; Intellectual disability; Limb muscle weakness; Microcephaly; Motor delay; Muscular hypotonia; Pachygyria; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Plagiocephaly; Prominent forehead; Proximal lower limb amyotrophy; Proximal muscle weakness in lower limbs; Seizures; Sensory impairment; Slow progression; Spinal muscular atrophy; Type 2 muscle fiber predominance; Waddling gait
GDAP18q21.1199.97%gene with protein product606598CMT4AAreflexia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axonal degeneration/regeneration; Axonal regeneration; Childhood onset; CNS hypomyelination; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased number of peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; EMG: neuropathic changes; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Hammertoe; Heterogeneous; Hypertrophic nerve changes; Hyporeflexia; Inability to walk by childhood/adolescence; Infantile onset; Kyphoscoliosis; Limb muscle weakness; Motor delay; Neonatal onset; Onion bulb formation; Peripheral axonal degeneration; Peripheral demyelination; Peripheral hypomyelination; Peripheral neuropathy; Pes cavus; Proximal muscle weakness; Rapidly progressive; Scoliosis; Spinal deformities; Split hand; Steppage gait; Talipes equinovarus; Ulnar claw; Vocal cord paresis
IGHMBP211q13.3100%gene with protein product600502Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axonal degeneration; Camptodactyly of finger; Constipation; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased nerve conduction velocity; Degeneration of anterior horn cells; Denervation of the diaphragm; Diaphragmatic eventration; Diaphragmatic paralysis; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; EMG: neuropathic changes; Failure to thrive; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Hyperhidrosis; Hyporeflexia; Inspiratory stridor; Intrauterine growth retardation; Limb muscle weakness; Peripheral axonal degeneration; Premature birth; Respiratory failure; Slow progression; Small for gestational age; Spinal muscular atrophy; Steppage gait; Tachypnea; Talipes equinovarus; Urinary incontinence; Ventilator dependence with inability to wean; Weak cry
KBTBD1315q22.31100%gene with protein product613727Autosomal dominant inheritance; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty running; Exercise intolerance; Gait disturbance; Limb muscle weakness; Muscle stiffness; Myopathy; Neck flexor weakness; Nemaline bodies; Slow progressionRhabdomyolysis
LMNA1q22100%gene with protein product150330LMN1, CMD1A, LGMD1B, PRO1, LMNL1Abnormal atrioventricular conduction; Abnormal cellular phenotype; Abnormal electrophysiology of sinoatrial node origin; Abnormal eyebrow morphology; Abnormal hair whorl; Abnormal trabecular bone morphology; Abnormality of circulating leptin level; Abnormality of retinal pigmentation; Abnormality of the Achilles tendon; Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the foot; Abnormality of the intrahepatic bile duct; Abnormality of the nail; Abnormality of the pinna; Abnormality of the pulmonary artery; Abnormality of the testis; Abnormality of the voice; Absence of pubertal development; Absence of subcutaneous fat; Absent eyebrow; Absent eyelashes; Acanthosis nigricans; Accelerated atherosclerosis; Achilles tendon contracture; Acroosteolysis of distal phalanges (feet); Acute pancreatitis; Adipose tissue loss; Adrenal hypoplasia; Advanced eruption of teeth; Alopecia; Alopecia universalis; Aminoaciduria; Angina pectoris; Aortic atherosclerosis; Aortic root aneurysm; Aortic valve calcification; Aortic valve stenosis; Aplasia of the middle phalanx of the hand; Aplasia of the phalanges of the 3rd toe; Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the nose; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the clavicles; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the earlobes; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the eyebrow; Aplasia/Hypoplastia of the eccrine sweat glands; Aplastic clavicles; Areflexia; Arrhythmia; Arteriosclerosis of small cerebral arteries; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Atherosclerosis; Atrial arrhythmia; Atrial fibrillation; Atrial flutter; Atrial septal defect; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Axonal degeneration/regeneration; Basal cell carcinoma; Bilateral coxa valga; Bird-like facies; Blepharophimosis; Brachydactyly; Bradycardia; Broad-based gait; Calcinosis; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Choanal atresia; Chondrocalcinosis; Clinodactyly; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle; Congestive heart failure; Convex nasal ridge; Coronary artery atherosclerosis; Craniofacial disproportion; Cyanosis; Decreased adiponectin level; Decreased calvarial ossification; Decreased cervical spine flexion due to contractures of posterior cervical muscles; Decreased circulating high-density lipoprotein levels; Decreased fertility; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased serum estradiol; Decreased serum leptin; Decreased skull ossification; Decreased testosterone in males; Delayed cranial suture closure; Delayed eruption of teeth; Delayed puberty; Dental crowding; Dermal atrophy; Dermal translucency; Diabetes mellitus; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty running; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal lower limb amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Down-sloping shoulders; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emphysema; Enlarged peripheral nerve; Entropion; Epidermal hyperkeratosis; Failure to thrive; Fasting hyperinsulinemia; Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles; Feeding difficulties; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Fragile nails; Full cheeks; Gait disturbance; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hyperkeratosis; Generalized lipodystrophy; Generalized osteoporosis; Global developmental delay; Glucose intolerance; Glycosuria; Growth delay; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; High palate; High pitched voice; Hirsutism; Hydropic placenta; Hypercholesterolemia; Hyperglycemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hyperinsulinemia; Hyperkeratosis; Hyperlipidemia; Hyperlordosis; Hypermetropia; Hyperphosphatemia; Hypertelorism; Hypertension; Hypertriglyceridemia; Hypodontia; Hypogonadism; Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism; Hypohidrosis; Hypoplasia of teeth; Hypoplastic facial bones; Hypoplastic nipples; Hyporeflexia; Hypospadias; Hypotrichosis; Increased adipose tissue around the neck; Increased anterioposterior diameter of thorax; Increased facial adipose tissue; Increased intraabdominal fat; Increased intramuscular fat; Infertility; Insulin resistance; Insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus; Intermittent claudication; Intervertebral disc degeneration; Intracranial hemorrhage; Intrauterine growth retardation; Joint stiffness; Juvenile onset; Keratoconjunctivitis sicca; Kyphoscoliosis; Kyphosis; Labial pseudohypertrophy; Lack of skin elasticity; Large fontanelles; Laryngomalacia; Limb muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscle atrophy; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; Limitation of joint mobility; Lipoatrophy; Lipodystrophy; Loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue in limbs; Loss of truncal subcutaneous adipose tissue; Low-set ears; Macrotia; Malar flattening; Meningioma; Metaphyseal widening; Micrognathia; Midface retrusion; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Minimal subcutaneous fat; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve calcification; Motor delay; Mottled pigmentation; Multiple joint contractures; Muscle hypertrophy of the lower extremities; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myalgia; Myocardial infarction; Myopathy; Nail dysplasia; Narrow face; Narrow mouth; Narrow nasal ridge; Narrow nasal tip; Nasal speech; Natal tooth; Neck muscle weakness; Neoplasm of the breast; Neoplasm of the lung; Neoplasm of the oral cavity; Neoplasm of the skin; Neoplasm of the small intestine; Neoplasm of the thyroid gland; Onion bulb formation; Onset; Osteoarthritis; Osteolysis; Osteolytic defects of the distal phalanges of the hand; Osteolytic defects of the phalanges of the hand; Osteopenia; Osteoporosis; Osteosarcoma; Ovarian neoplasm; Overtubulated long bones; Ovoid vertebral bodies; Papillary renal cell carcinoma; Patchy hypo- and hyperpigmentation; Patent ductus arteriosus; Pelvic girdle amyotrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Pericardial effusion; Peripheral arterial stenosis; Peripheral axonal atrophy; Peroneal muscle atrophy; Peroneal muscle weakness; Pes cavus; Pes planus; Pili torti; Polycystic ovaries; Polyhydramnios; Poor head control; Postnatal growth retardation; Precocious atherosclerosis; Precocious puberty; Premature arteriosclerosis; Premature birth; Premature coronary artery atherosclerosis; Premature delivery because of cervical insufficiency or membrane fragility; Premature graying of hair; Premature loss of teeth; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Premature rupture of membranes; Premature skin wrinkling; Progeroid facial appearance; Progressive; Progressive clavicular acroosteolysis; Prolonged prothrombin time; Prominent forehead; Prominent scalp veins; Prominent superficial blood vessels; Prominent superficial veins; Proptosis; Proximal muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness in upper limbs; Proximal upper limb muscle hypertrophy; Ptosis; Pulmonary carcinoid tumor; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Reduced subcutaneous adipose tissue; Renal neoplasm; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Restricted neck movement due to contractures; Reticulated skin pigmentation; Retinal degeneration; Retrognathia; Rocker bottom foot; Round face; Scaling skin; Scapular winging; Scleroderma; Sclerosis of hand bone; Secondary amenorrhea; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Severe muscular hypotonia; Short clavicles; Short distal phalanx of finger; Short nail; Short palm; Short palpebral fissure; Short stature; Short umbilical cord; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Skeletal muscle hypertrophy; Skin erosion; Skin ulcer; Slow progression; Small placenta; Sparse and thin eyebrow; Sparse body hair; Sparse eyebrow; Sparse eyelashes; Sparse hair; Sparse or absent eyelashes; Sparse scalp hair; Spinal rigidity; Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin; Steppage gait; Stiff skin; Stillbirth; Structural foot deformity; Subcutaneous calcification; Submucous cleft hard palate; Sudden cardiac death; Supraventricular arrhythmia; Syncope; Syndactyly; Talipes; Tapering pointed ends of distal finger phalanges; Telangiectasia of the skin; Telecanthus; Temporomandibular joint ankylosis; Thin bony cortex; Thin clavicles; Thin nail; Thin ribs; Thin skin; Thin vermilion border; Thrombocytosis; Type II diabetes mellitus; Upper limb muscle weakness; Ureteral duplication; Variable expressivity; Ventricular arrhythmia; Ventricular hypertrophy; White forelock; Wide nasal bridge; Widely patent fontanelles and sutures; Wormian bones; X-linked inheritance; XanthomatosisHeterotaxy ; Obesity; Palmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis; Rhabdomyolysis
MFN21p36.22100%gene with protein product608507Abnormality of color vision; Abnormality of visual evoked potentials; Anosmia; Areflexia; Arthralgia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axonal degeneration/regeneration; Babinski sign; Central scotoma; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Delayed gross motor development; Difficulty walking; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Distal sensory impairment of all modalities; Dysmetric saccades; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait disturbance; Hammertoe; Hepatomegaly; Hyporeflexia; Incomplete penetrance; Infantile onset; Insulin resistance; Joint stiffness; Kyphosis; Limb muscle weakness; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Multiple lipomas; Onion bulb formation; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Pain; Paresthesia; Peripheral axonal atrophy; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Pes cavus; Positive Romberg sign; Proximal muscle weakness; Reduced tendon reflexes; Scoliosis; Slow decrease in visual acuity; Slow progression; Steppage gait; Tinnitus; Variable expressivity; Vocal cord paresis
NEB2q23.387.76%gene with protein product161650NEM2Abnormality of the eye; Abnormality of the rib cage; Apnea; Areflexia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bulbar palsy; Cleft palate; Congenital contracture; Decreased fetal movement; Dysphagia; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; EMG: neuropathic changes; Facial palsy; Feeding difficulties; Frequent falls; Generalized muscle weakness; Heterogeneous; High palate; Hyperlordosis; Hyporeflexia; Infantile onset; Late-onset distal muscle weakness; Limb muscle weakness; Low-set ears; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Myopathic facies; Neck flexor weakness; Nemaline bodies; Neonatal hypotonia; Polyhydramnios; Proximal muscle weakness; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scoliosis; Slender build; Spinal rigidity; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Waddling gaitRhabdomyolysis
PABPN114q11.299.76%gene with protein productRepeat expansion disorder detectable by XomeDxSlice.602279OPMD, PABP2Abnormality of the pharynx; Adult onset; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Distal muscle weakness; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Facial palsy; Gait disturbance; Limb muscle weakness; Mask-like facies; Myopathy; Neck muscle weakness; Ophthalmoplegia; Progressive; Progressive ptosis; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Rimmed vacuoles; Spondylolisthesis
PEX76q23.3100%gene with protein product601757Abnormal pyramidal signs; Abnormality of epiphysis morphology; Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis; Abnormality of retinal pigmentation; Alopecia; Anosmia; Arrhythmia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Calcific stippling of infantile cartilaginous skeleton; Cardiomegaly; Cardiomyopathy; Cataract; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Cleft palate; Congenital cataract; Congestive heart failure; Coronal cleft vertebrae; Delayed CNS myelination; Depressed nasal bridge; Developmental regression; Dry skin; Elevated levels of phytanic acid; Epiphyseal stippling; Flared metaphysis; Flat face; Flexion contracture; Frontal bossing; Hammertoe; Hemiplegia/hemiparesis; Hyporeflexia; Ichthyosis; Increased CSF protein; Intellectual disability; Intellectual disability, severe; Kyphoscoliosis; Limb muscle weakness; Malar flattening; Microcephaly; Micrognathia; Miosis; Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia; Muscular hypotonia; Nail dysplasia; Nyctalopia; Nystagmus; Peripheral neuropathy; Pes cavus; Ptosis; Respiratory insufficiency; Retinal degeneration; Retinopathy; Rhizomelia; Rod-cone dystrophy; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory impairment; Severe failure to thrive; Severe short stature; Short fourth metatarsal; Short metacarpal; Skeletal dysplasia; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Splenomegaly; Upslanted palpebral fissure; Visual impairmentPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
PHYH10p1399.97%gene with protein product602026Abnormal pyramidal signs; Abnormality of epiphysis morphology; Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis; Abnormality of retinal pigmentation; Anosmia; Arrhythmia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cardiomegaly; Cardiomyopathy; Cataract; Congestive heart failure; Developmental regression; Dry skin; Elevated levels of phytanic acid; Hammertoe; Hemiplegia/hemiparesis; Hyporeflexia; Ichthyosis; Increased CSF protein; Intellectual disability, severe; Limb muscle weakness; Miosis; Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia; Muscular hypotonia; Nail dysplasia; Nyctalopia; Nystagmus; Peripheral neuropathy; Pes cavus; Ptosis; Retinal degeneration; Retinopathy; Rod-cone dystrophy; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory impairment; Short fourth metatarsal; Short metacarpal; Skeletal dysplasia; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Splenomegaly; Visual impairmentPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
POLG15q26.1100%gene with protein productVariants in the POLG gene that have a possible association with valproate-induced toxicity are not routinely reported by this test, but are available upon request.1747633-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Abnormality of visual evoked potentials; Adult onset; Areflexia; Astrocytosis; Ataxia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Atrophy/Degeneration involving the spinal cord; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bile duct proliferation; Bradykinesia; Cachexia; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral cortical neurodegeneration; Choreoathetosis; Cognitive impairment; Coma; Constipation; Cortical visual impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Death in early adulthood; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Dementia; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Depressivity; Developmental regression; Diarrhea; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emotional lability; Epilepsia partialis continua; Ethylmalonic aciduria; Exercise intolerance; External ophthalmoplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Focal seizures; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait ataxia; Gastroesophageal reflux; Gastrointestinal dysmotility; Gastroparesis; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Generalized tonic-clonic seizures; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperalaninemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hypertonia; Hypointensity of cerebral white matter on MRI; Hyporeflexia; Impaired distal proprioception; Impaired distal vibration sensation; Increased CSF protein; Increased serum lactate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Intermittent diarrhea; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Limb ataxia; Limb muscle weakness; Malabsorption; Malnutrition; Microcephaly; Micronodular cirrhosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Migraine; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Mitochondrial myopathy; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve prolapse; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Nausea; Neuronal loss in central nervous system; Nystagmus; Paralysis; Paresthesia; Parkinsonism; Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Poor appetite; Positive Romberg sign; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive gait ataxia; Progressive muscle weakness; Progressive spasticity; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Resting tremor; Rigidity; Secondary amenorrhea; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory ataxic neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small intestinal dysmotility; Spastic paraparesis; Steppage gait; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Testicular atrophy; Variable expressivity; Vestibular dysfunction; Visual loss; Vomiting
POLG217q23.398.4%gene with protein product604983Adult onset; Arrhythmia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Exercise intolerance; Facial palsy; Glucose intolerance; Increased serum lactate; Limb muscle weakness; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Myalgia; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive muscle weakness; Ptosis; Variable expressivity
PRX19q13.299.98%gene with protein product605725Areflexia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased number of peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Difficulty walking; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Generalized hypotonia; Hammertoe; Heterogeneous; Hypertrophic nerve changes; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF protein; Infantile onset; Kyphoscoliosis; Limb muscle weakness; Motor delay; Onion bulb formation; Peripheral demyelination; Pes cavus; Scoliosis; Segmental peripheral demyelination/remyelination; Sensory ataxia; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slow progression; Split hand; Steppage gait; Ulnar claw; Variable expressivity
SLC12A615q1499.94%gene with protein product604878KCC3, ACCPN2-3 toe syndactyly; Agenesis of corpus callosum; Aqueductal stenosis; Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axonal degeneration/regeneration; Brachycephaly; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; EEG abnormality; EMG: chronic denervation signs; Facial asymmetry; Facial diplegia; Flexion contracture; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hemiplegia/hemiparesis; High palate; Hypertelorism; Hypoplasia of the maxilla; Increased CSF protein; Intellectual disability; Limb muscle weakness; Limb tremor; Long face; Low anterior hairline; Macrotia; Microcephaly; Motor delay; Motor polyneuropathy; Narrow forehead; Neonatal hypotonia; Onion bulb formation; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Polyneuropathy; Progressive; Psychosis; Ptosis; Respiratory tract infection; Restrictive deficit on pulmonary function testing; Scoliosis; Seizures; Sensory neuropathy; Short nose; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Tapered finger; Ventriculomegaly; Wide nasal bridge
SLC52A28q24.3100%gene with protein product607882GPR172AAbnormality of eye movement; Areflexia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bulbar palsy; Clumsiness; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Facial palsy; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Hypokinesia; Hyporeflexia; Limb muscle weakness; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Neck muscle weakness; Progressive; Progressive hearing impairment; Ptosis; Respiratory insufficiency; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Split hand; Tongue fasciculations; Variable expressivity
SLC52A320p13100%gene with protein product613350C20orf54Abnormality of eye movement; Ankle clonus; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bulbar palsy; Clumsiness; Cranial nerve motor loss; Diaphragmatic weakness; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; External ophthalmoplegia; Facial diplegia; Facial palsy; Generalized hyperreflexia; Hand muscle atrophy; Hyporeflexia; Juvenile onset; Knee clonus; Kyphosis; Limb muscle weakness; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Myopathic facies; Neck muscle weakness; Nocturnal hypoventilation; Peripheral neuropathy; Progressive; Progressive hearing impairment; Progressive inspiratory stridor; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Recurrent respiratory infections; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency; Scoliosis; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Stridor; Tongue atrophy; Tongue fasciculations; Vocal cord paralysis; Weak voice
TK216q21100%gene with protein product188250Abnormality of the basal ganglia; Aminoaciduria; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral atrophy; Decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain; Delayed gross motor development; Depletion of mitochondrial DNA in muscle tissue; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Facial diplegia; Facial palsy; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; Hearing impairment; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability, progressive; Irritability; Lactic acidosis; Limb muscle weakness; Loss of ability to walk in early childhood; Mitochondrial myopathy; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scapular winging; Seizures; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Variable expressivityRhabdomyolysis
TPM29p13.3100%gene with protein product190990AMCD1Abnormality of the ear; Abnormality of the hip bone; Absent phalangeal crease; Adducted thumb; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the radius; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bilateral single transverse palmar creases; Bulbar palsy; Calcaneovalgus deformity; Camptodactyly; Camptodactyly of finger; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Childhood onset; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal arthrogryposis; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Dysphagia; Elbow flexion contracture; Facial diplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Gowers sign; Heterogeneous; High palate; Hyporeflexia; Joint stiffness; Kyphoscoliosis; Limb muscle weakness; Long face; Long philtrum; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Mandibular prognathia; Metatarsus adductus; Micrognathia; Motor delay; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathic facies; Myopathy; Narrow face; Narrow mouth; Neck muscle weakness; Nemaline bodies; Neonatal hypotonia; Overlapping fingers; Pectus excavatum; Prominent nasolabial fold; Protruding ear; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Recurrent respiratory infections; Reduced tendon reflexes; Reduced vital capacity; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Rocker bottom foot; Round ear; Scapular winging; Scoliosis; Short neck; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Talipes; Talipes equinovarus; Tarsal synostosis; Triangular face; Type 1 fibers relatively smaller than type 2 fibers; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Ulnar deviation of finger; Ulnar deviation of the hand or of fingers of the hand; Ulnar deviation of the wrist; Variable expressivity; Vertebral segmentation defect; Waddling gait; Weak cry; Webbed neck; Wide nasal bridgeRhabdomyolysis
TWNK10q24.31100%gene with protein productFormer name = C10orf2606075IOSCA, C10orf2Abnormality of movement; Abnormality of the autonomic nervous system; Adult onset; Areflexia; Ataxia; Athetosis; Atrophy/Degeneration affecting the brainstem; Atrophy/Degeneration involving the spinal cord; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral atrophy; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Clumsiness; Cognitive impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Dementia; Depressivity; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Epilepsia partialis continua; Epileptic encephalopathy; Excessive daytime somnolence; Exercise intolerance; Fatigue; Gait disturbance; Gastroparesis; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Gonadal dysgenesis; Hearing impairment; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hyporeflexia; Impaired distal proprioception; Impaired distal vibration sensation; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Intellectual disability; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Limb muscle weakness; Loss of ability to walk; Migraine; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscle weakness; Myalgia; Myoclonus; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Poor eye contact; Positive Romberg sign; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive gait ataxia; Progressive muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness; Psychosis; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Reduced tendon reflexes; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory ataxia; Sensory ataxic neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Specific learning disability; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Vestibular dysfunction
VCP9p13.3100%gene with protein product601023Abnormal brain FDG positron emission tomography; Abnormal nerve conduction velocity; Abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Absent Achilles reflex; Aggressive behavior; Alexia; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Anxiety; Apraxia; Arthralgia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Babinski sign; Back pain; Bone pain; Brain atrophy; Collectionism; Depressivity; Difficulty climbing stairs; Disinhibition; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysarthria; Dyscalculia; Dysgraphia; Dyslexia; Dysphasia; Dyspnea; Dystonia; Echolalia; EEG with continuous slow activity; Elevated alkaline phosphatase; Elevated alkaline phosphatase of bone origin; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; EMG: neuropathic changes; Emotional blunting; Emotional lability; Fasciculations; Fatigable weakness of respiratory muscles; Fatigable weakness of swallowing muscles; Fatigue; Frontal cortical atrophy; Frontotemporal cerebral atrophy; Frontotemporal dementia; Gait disturbance; Gait imbalance; Generalized muscle weakness; Grammar-specific speech disorder; Hammertoe; Hip pain; Hyperlordosis; Hyperorality; Impaired vibration sensation in the lower limbs; Inappropriate behavior; Increased spinal bone density; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Irritability; Lack of insight; Limb fasciculations; Limb muscle weakness; Loss of speech; Lower limb hyperreflexia; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Memory impairment; Muscle cramps; Muscle weakness; Myopathy; Neurodegeneration; Osteolysis; Pain; Paralysis; Pelvic girdle amyotrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle atrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Perseveration; Personality changes; Pes cavus; Poor speech; Progressive; Proximal muscle weakness; Recurrent fractures; Respiratory failure; Restlessness; Restrictive behavior; Rimmed vacuoles; Scapular winging; Short stature; Shoulder girdle muscle atrophy; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spastic gait; Spastic paraplegia; Spasticity; Spoken Word Recognition Deficit; Stereotypy; Temporal cortical atrophy; Thickened nuchal skin fold; Tongue fasciculations; Ubiquitin-positive cerebral inclusion bodies; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait; Xerostomia
VPS13A9q21.299.95%gene with protein product605978CHACAbnormal bleeding; Abnormal urinary color; Abnormality of vision; Acanthocytosis; Aggressive behavior; Anxiety; Areflexia; Ataxia; Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Caudate atrophy; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Chorea; Death in early adulthood; Developmental regression; Difficulty in tongue movements; Disinhibition; Distal upper limb muscle weakness; Drooling; Dysarthria; Dysgraphia; Dysphagia; Dystonia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; Fatigue; Gait disturbance; Hyporeflexia; Limb muscle weakness; Memory impairment; Mood changes; Muscle fiber atrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Orofacial dyskinesia; Pallor; Parkinsonism; Peripheral neuropathy; Personality changes; Pes cavus; Progressive; Progressive choreoathetosis; Progressive distal muscular atrophy; Protruding tongue; Psychosis; Seizures; Self-mutilation of tongue and lips due to involuntary movements; Sensory neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Tics; Tremor; Ventriculomegaly
VPS13A9q21.299.95%gene with protein product605978CHACAbnormal bleeding; Abnormal urinary color; Abnormality of vision; Acanthocytosis; Aggressive behavior; Anxiety; Areflexia; Ataxia; Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Caudate atrophy; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Chorea; Death in early adulthood; Developmental regression; Difficulty in tongue movements; Disinhibition; Distal upper limb muscle weakness; Drooling; Dysarthria; Dysgraphia; Dysphagia; Dystonia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; Fatigue; Gait disturbance; Hyporeflexia; Limb muscle weakness; Memory impairment; Mood changes; Muscle fiber atrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Orofacial dyskinesia; Pallor; Parkinsonism; Peripheral neuropathy; Personality changes; Pes cavus; Progressive; Progressive choreoathetosis; Progressive distal muscular atrophy; Protruding tongue; Psychosis; Seizures; Self-mutilation of tongue and lips due to involuntary movements; Sensory neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Tics; Tremor; Ventriculomegaly


The gene coverage data provided by GeneDx represent an estimate based on previous results, but the specific sequencing coverage data for the genes selected may vary from individual to individual, and cannot be predicted exactly. Changes to an approved gene list can only be made by contacting GeneDx directly at 888-729-1206 and asking to speak with a member of our Whole Exome Sequencing Laboratory.


  SUGGESTED CUSTOM SLICES  

Customize below OR enter Suggested Slice ID on printed requisition form
(e.g. 706 XomeDxSlice - Slice ID: CS-Albinism).

Suggested Slice IDSuggested Gene List Name
CS-AlbinismAlbinism
CS-AAAplastic Anemia
CS-AutoImmuneAutoimmune Disorders
CS-BBSBardet-Biedl Syndrome
CS-BMFBone Marrow Failure Syndromes
CS-CVIDCommon Variable Immune Deficiency
CS-CKUTCongenital Kidney and Urinary Tract (CKUT) Anomalies
CS-DSDDisorders of Sex Development
CS-EDEctodermal Dysplasia
CS-FAFanconi Anemia
CS-AnemiaHemolytic Anemia
CS-HeterotaxyHeterotaxy
CS-IBDInflammatory Bowel Disease
CS-MaleInfMale Infertility
CS-WWSMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg)
CS-NephroticNephrotic Syndrome
CS-ObesityObesity
CS-PPKCIPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
CS-Primary ImmunodefPrimary Immunodeficiency
CS-RhabdoRhabdomyolysis
CS-SRTDShort-Rib Thoracic Dysplasia
CS-VACTERLVACTERL Association
CS-WSWaardenburg Syndrome