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Phenotypes
Lactic acidosis

Select all: Gene symbolChrAvg % covered at 10xLocus TypeNoteOMIMPrevious symbol(s)Phenotype(s)Slice(s)
AARS26p21.1100%gene with protein product612035AARSLApraxia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Death in infancy; Dementia; Depressivity; Dysarthria; Dystonia; EEG abnormality; Failure to thrive; Generalized muscle weakness; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Loss of speech; Neurodegeneration; Nystagmus; Periventricular leukomalacia; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Progressive; Progressive leukoencephalopathy; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Spasticity; Tremor
ACAD93q21.3100%gene with protein product611103Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral edema; Congestive heart failure; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex I; Decreased plasma carnitine; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Elevated creatine kinase after exercise; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated plasma acylcarnitine levels; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Encephalopathy; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Fatigable weakness; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Hepatic failure; Hepatic steatosis; Hyperammonemia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Increased lactate dehydrogenase activity; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Muscle weakness; Myalgia; Prolonged prothrombin time; Stroke; ThrombocytopeniaRhabdomyolysis
ACAD93q21.3100%gene with protein product611103Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral edema; Congestive heart failure; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex I; Decreased plasma carnitine; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Elevated creatine kinase after exercise; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated plasma acylcarnitine levels; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Encephalopathy; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Fatigable weakness; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Hepatic failure; Hepatic steatosis; Hyperammonemia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Increased lactate dehydrogenase activity; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Muscle weakness; Myalgia; Prolonged prothrombin time; Stroke; ThrombocytopeniaRhabdomyolysis
AGK7q3499.95%gene with protein product610345MULK3-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cataract; Congenital cataract; Easy fatigability; Exercise intolerance; Exercise-induced lactic acidemia; Fatigue; Generalized hypotonia; Glaucoma; Growth delay; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial myopathy; Motor delay; Muscle weakness; Myopathy; Myopia; Nystagmus; Respiratory insufficiency; Strabismus; Variable expressivity
ALDOB9q31.1100%gene with protein product612724Abdominal pain; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bicarbonaturia; Cirrhosis; Coma; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Failure to thrive; Fructose intolerance; Gastrointestinal hemorrhage; Glycosuria; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatomegaly; Hyperbilirubinemia; Hyperphosphaturia; Hyperuricemia; Hyperuricosuria; Hypoglycemia; Hypophosphatemia; Intellectual disability; Jaundice; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Malnutrition; Metabolic acidosis; Nausea; Proximal renal tubular acidosis; Proximal tubulopathy; Seizures; Transient aminoaciduria; Vomiting
APOPT114q32.33100%gene with protein product616003C14orf153Abnormal pyramidal signs; Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bilateral sensorineural hearing impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Delayed speech and language development; Developmental regression; Diffuse hepatic steatosis; Excessive daytime somnolence; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Fatigable weakness of swallowing muscles; Gait disturbance; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive leukoencephalopathy; Progressive peripheral neuropathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle steatosis
APOPT114q32.33100%gene with protein product616003C14orf153Abnormal pyramidal signs; Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bilateral sensorineural hearing impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Delayed speech and language development; Developmental regression; Diffuse hepatic steatosis; Excessive daytime somnolence; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Fatigable weakness of swallowing muscles; Gait disturbance; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive leukoencephalopathy; Progressive peripheral neuropathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle steatosis
ATP5F1E20q13.32100%gene with protein productFormer Name = ATP5E606153ATP5E3-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased activity of mitochondrial ATP synthase complex; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Peripheral neuropathy
ATPAF217p11.2100%gene with protein product6089183-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cryptorchidism; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hyperammonemia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypospadias; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Low-set ears; Microcephaly; Prominent nasal bridge; Retrognathia; Short stature
BCKDHA19q13.2100%gene with protein product608348OVD1AAtaxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral edema; Coma; Elevated plasma branched chain amino acids; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Growth abnormality; Hallucinations; Hypertonia; Hypoglycemia; Increased level of hippuric acid in urine; Intellectual disability; Ketosis; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Pancreatitis; Seizures; Vomiting
BCKDHB6q14.199.91%gene with protein product248611Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral edema; Coma; Elevated plasma branched chain amino acids; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Growth abnormality; Hallucinations; Hypertonia; Hypoglycemia; Increased level of hippuric acid in urine; Intellectual disability; Ketosis; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Pancreatitis; Seizures; Vomiting
BCS1L2q35100%gene with protein product603647Abnormal pattern of respiration; Abnormality of the abdominal wall; Abnormality of the coagulation cascade; Alopecia; Aminoaciduria; Anhidrosis; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Brittle hair; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral atrophy; Cholangitis; Cholestasis; Chronic lactic acidosis; Cirrhosis; CNS demyelination; Coarse hair; Death in early adulthood; Decreased liver function; Decreased mitochondrial complex III activity in liver tissue; Decreased transferrin saturation; Depressivity; Dry hair; Dysarthria; Dystonia; EEG abnormality; Elevated hepatic iron concentration; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hair shafts flattened at irregular intervals and twisted through 180 degrees about their axes; Hallucinations; Hearing impairment; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hypogonadism; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum ferritin; Increased serum iron; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Mitochondrial encephalopathy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Pili torti; Progressive; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Respiratory failure; Rhabdomyolysis; Rod-cone dystrophy; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus; Tubulointerstitial nephritis; Variable expressivity
BCS1L2q35100%gene with protein product603647Abnormal pattern of respiration; Abnormality of the abdominal wall; Abnormality of the coagulation cascade; Alopecia; Aminoaciduria; Anhidrosis; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Brittle hair; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral atrophy; Cholangitis; Cholestasis; Chronic lactic acidosis; Cirrhosis; CNS demyelination; Coarse hair; Death in early adulthood; Decreased liver function; Decreased mitochondrial complex III activity in liver tissue; Decreased transferrin saturation; Depressivity; Dry hair; Dysarthria; Dystonia; EEG abnormality; Elevated hepatic iron concentration; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hair shafts flattened at irregular intervals and twisted through 180 degrees about their axes; Hallucinations; Hearing impairment; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hypogonadism; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum ferritin; Increased serum iron; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Mitochondrial encephalopathy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Pili torti; Progressive; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Respiratory failure; Rhabdomyolysis; Rod-cone dystrophy; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus; Tubulointerstitial nephritis; Variable expressivity
BCS1L2q35100%gene with protein product603647Abnormal pattern of respiration; Abnormality of the abdominal wall; Abnormality of the coagulation cascade; Alopecia; Aminoaciduria; Anhidrosis; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Brittle hair; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral atrophy; Cholangitis; Cholestasis; Chronic lactic acidosis; Cirrhosis; CNS demyelination; Coarse hair; Death in early adulthood; Decreased liver function; Decreased mitochondrial complex III activity in liver tissue; Decreased transferrin saturation; Depressivity; Dry hair; Dysarthria; Dystonia; EEG abnormality; Elevated hepatic iron concentration; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hair shafts flattened at irregular intervals and twisted through 180 degrees about their axes; Hallucinations; Hearing impairment; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hypogonadism; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum ferritin; Increased serum iron; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Mitochondrial encephalopathy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Pili torti; Progressive; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Respiratory failure; Rhabdomyolysis; Rod-cone dystrophy; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus; Tubulointerstitial nephritis; Variable expressivity
BOLA32p13.1100%gene with protein product613183Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Death in infancy; Decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Epileptic encephalopathy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Poor head control; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Spasticity; Vomiting
CA5A16q24.299.97%gene with protein product114761CA5Autosomal recessive inheritance; Hyperalaninemia; Hyperammonemia; Hypoglycemia; Increased serum lactate; Ketoacidosis; Ketonuria; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Metabolic acidosis; Respiratory alkalosis; Tachypnea; Variable expressivity
CAMKMT2p21100%gene with protein product609559C2orf34Cystinuria; Depressed nasal bridge; Failure to thrive; Frontal bossing; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hypocalcemia; Hypogonadism; Intellectual disability, moderate; Lactic acidosis; Long eyelashes; Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears; Mitochondrial respiratory chain defects; Muscular hypotonia; Nasal speech; Nephrolithiasis; Seizures
COA52q11.2100%gene with protein product613920C2orf64Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Congenital onset; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
COA61q42.2100%gene with protein product614772C1orf31Autosomal recessive inheritance; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Lactic acidosis; Left ventricular noncompaction; Muscular hypotonia; Short chin
COA71p32.3100%gene with protein product615623C1orf163, SELRC1Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
COQ24q21.2399.98%gene with protein product609825Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebellar atrophy; Dysarthria; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Encephalopathy; Glomerulosclerosis; Hepatic failure; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Motor delay; Nephrotic syndrome; Nystagmus; Onset; Pancytopenia; Phenotypic variability; Postural instability; Progressive muscle weakness; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Recurrent myoglobinuria; Rod-cone dystrophy; Scanning speech; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Specific learning disability; Visual lossNephrotic Syndrome
COQ8A1q42.13100%gene with protein productFormer name = ADCK3606980CABC1, ADCK3Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Brisk reflexes; Central hypotonia; Cerebellar atrophy; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Focal T2 hypointense basal ganglia lesion; Generalized hypotonia; Hyperreflexia; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Intellectual disability, moderate; Lactic acidosis; Pes cavus; Progressive cerebellar ataxia; Proximal muscle weakness; Seizures; Talipes cavus equinovarus; Variable expressivity
COQ916q21100%gene with protein product612837C16orf49Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bradycardia; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral atrophy; Dystonia; Encephalopathy; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hyperalaninemia; Hyperreflexia; Increased serum lactate; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Left ventricular hypertrophy; Postnatal microcephaly; Respiratory insufficiency; Seizures; Weak cry
COX1017p12100%gene with protein product602125Abnormal pattern of respiration; Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatocellular necrosis; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
COX1017p12100%gene with protein product602125Abnormal pattern of respiration; Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatocellular necrosis; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
COX1412q13.12100%gene with protein product614478C12orf62Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
COX1510q24.294.3%gene with protein product603646Abnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Decreased fetal movement; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Encephalopathy; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Microcephaly; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
COX201q44100%gene with protein product614698FAM36AAminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
COX6B119q13.12100%gene with protein product124089COX6BAminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
CYC18q24.3100%gene with protein product123980Acute hepatic failure; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Episodic ketoacidosis; Hyperammonemia; Increased serum lactate; Ketoacidosis; Lactic acidosis
DBT1p21.299.89%gene with protein product248610Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral edema; Coma; Elevated plasma branched chain amino acids; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Growth abnormality; Hallucinations; Hypertonia; Hypoglycemia; Increased level of hippuric acid in urine; Intellectual disability; Ketosis; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Pancreatitis; Seizures; Vomiting
DGUOK2p13.1100%gene with protein product601465Abnormal conjugate eye movement; Adult onset; Ascites; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral atrophy; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Cognitive impairment; Decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain; Depletion of mitochondrial DNA in liver; Distal muscle weakness; Dysphonia; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Encephalopathy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized aminoaciduria; Generalized hypotonia; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatocellular necrosis; Hepatomegaly; Hyperbilirubinemia; Hyperreflexia; Hypoalbuminemia; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Hypothermia; Increased serum lactate; Jaundice; Lactic acidosis; Microcephaly; Micronodular cirrhosis; Mitochondrial myopathy; Nystagmus; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Periportal fibrosis; Polyneuropathy; Portal hypertension; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Splenomegaly; Thrombocytopenia; VomitingRhabdomyolysis
DLAT11q23.1100%gene with protein product608770DLTAAtaxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Choreoathetosis; Decreased activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex; Delayed gross motor development; Drooling; Global developmental delay; Hyperreflexia; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability, mild; Jerky head movements; Lactic acidosis; Microcephaly; Neonatal hypotonia; Nystagmus; Oculomotor apraxia; Paroxysmal dystonia; Poor speech; Ptosis; Very rare
DLD7q31.1100%gene with protein product238331LAD, GCSLAtaxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Dystonia; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated plasma branched chain amino acids; Encephalopathy; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatic encephalopathy; Hepatomegaly; Hypercoagulability; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Increased serum lactate; Increased urine alpha-ketoglutarate concentration; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Metabolic acidosis; Microcephaly; Neurodevelopmental delay; Seizures; Spasticity; Variable expressivity; Vomiting
DLD7q31.1100%gene with protein product238331LAD, GCSLAtaxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Dystonia; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated plasma branched chain amino acids; Encephalopathy; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatic encephalopathy; Hepatomegaly; Hypercoagulability; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Increased serum lactate; Increased urine alpha-ketoglutarate concentration; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Metabolic acidosis; Microcephaly; Neurodevelopmental delay; Seizures; Spasticity; Variable expressivity; Vomiting
DNM1L12p11.2199.96%gene with protein product603850Abnormal pyramidal signs; Areflexia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Central scotoma; Cerebral atrophy; Death in infancy; Decreased fetal movement; Deeply set eye; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Horizontal nystagmus; Lactic acidosis; Microcephaly; Oculomotor apraxia; Optic atrophy; Pointed chin; Progressive; Slow decrease in visual acuity; Strabismus; Tritanomaly; Variable expressivity
EARS216p12.2100%gene with protein product612799Absent speech; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bradykinesia; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex I; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex III; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex IV; Developmental regression; Dysplastic corpus callosum; Dystonia; Failure to thrive; Global developmental delay; Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Ophthalmoplegia; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Seizures; Spastic tetraparesis; Visual impairment
ELAC217p12100%gene with protein product605367Autosomal recessive inheritance; Congestive heart failure; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Lactic acidosis
ETHE119q13.31100%gene with protein product608451Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function; Abnormality of the retinal vasculature; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Chronic diarrhea; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Developmental regression; Encephalopathy; Ethylmalonic aciduria; Failure to thrive; Focal T2 hyperintense basal ganglia lesion; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Petechiae; Seizures
FARS26p25.1100%gene with protein product611592FARS1Atrophy/Degeneration affecting the brainstem; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral atrophy; Death in infancy; EEG abnormality; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hyperreflexia; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lower limb amyotrophy; Microcephaly; Myoclonus; Seizures; Slow progression; Spastic paraplegia; Variable expressivity; Ventriculomegaly
FASTKD22q33.399.99%gene with protein product612322KIAA0971Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
FBXL46q16.1-q16.2100%gene with protein product605654Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral atrophy; Concave nasal ridge; Delayed myelination; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Dysphagia; Encephalopathy; Epicanthus; Everted lower lip vermilion; Failure to thrive; Gastroesophageal reflux; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hyperalaninemia; Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum; Hypospadias; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Leukodystrophy; Microcephaly; Mitochondrial respiratory chain defects; Narrow face; Phenotypic variability; Protruding ear; Seizures; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small for gestational age; Thick eyebrow
FH1q43100%gene with protein product136850Abnormality of the musculature; Adrenal pheochromocytoma; Agenesis of corpus callosum; Aminoaciduria; Anteverted nares; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral atrophy; Cerebral hemorrhage; Chest pain; Cholestasis; Choroid plexus cyst; Cutaneous leiomyoma; Depressed nasal bridge; Dysphonia; Elevated urinary dopamine; Elevated urinary epinephrine; Elevated urinary norepinephrine; Episodic abdominal pain; Episodic hyperhidrosis; Episodic paroxysmal anxiety; Extraadrenal pheochromocytoma; Failure to thrive; Fatigue; Flushing; Frontal bossing; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glomerulosclerosis; Hepatic failure; High palate; Hypercalcemia; Hypertelorism; Hypertensive retinopathy; Hypoplasia of the brainstem; Intellectual disability, profound; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Microcephaly; Multiple cutaneous leiomyomas; Nausea; Neurological speech impairment; Open operculum; Optic atrophy; Pallor; Palpitations; Paraganglioma of head and neck; Paroxysmal vertigo; Polycythemia; Polymicrogyria; Positive regitine blocking test; Proteinuria; Pruritus; Pulsatile tinnitus; Recurrent paroxysmal headache; Reduced subcutaneous adipose tissue; Relative macrocephaly; Sinus tachycardia; Status epilepticus; Visual impairment; Weight lossNephrotic Syndrome ; Rhabdomyolysis
FOXRED111q24.2100%gene with protein product613622Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; CNS demyelination; Coma; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
FOXRED111q24.2100%gene with protein product613622Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; CNS demyelination; Coma; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
G6PC17q21.31100%gene with protein product613742G6PTAbnormal bleeding; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased glomerular filtration rate; Decreased muscle mass; Delayed puberty; Doll-like facies; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Enlarged kidney; Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis; Gout; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Hepatomegaly; Hyperlipidemia; Hypertension; Hypoglycemia; Intermittent diarrhea; Lactic acidosis; Lipemia retinalis; Nephrolithiasis; Osteoporosis; Pancreatitis; Proteinuria; Protuberant abdomen; Short stature; XanthelasmaAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes ; Inflammatory Bowel Disease
GTPBP319p13.11100%gene with protein product608536Arrhythmia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cardiomyopathy; Congestive heart failure; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Increased serum lactate; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Variable expressivity
HADHA2p23.399.99%gene with protein product600890Abnormal electroretinogram; Abnormality of the amniotic fluid; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cardiomyopathy; Congestive heart failure; Decreased activity of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Exotropia; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hydrops fetalis; Hyperammonemia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hypoketotic hypoglycemia; Lactic acidosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myalgia; Myoglobinuria; Peripheral neuropathy; Photophobia; Pigmentary retinopathy; Prenatal maternal abnormality; Respiratory failure; Rhabdomyolysis; Small for gestational age; Sudden death; Visual lossRhabdomyolysis
HADHB2p23.399.92%gene with protein product143450Abnormality of the amniotic fluid; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Congestive heart failure; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Global developmental delay; Hydrops fetalis; Hyperammonemia; Hypoketotic hypoglycemia; Lactic acidosis; Myalgia; Myoglobinuria; Peripheral neuropathy; Prenatal maternal abnormality; Respiratory failure; Rhabdomyolysis; Small for gestational ageRhabdomyolysis
HSD17B10Xp11.22100%gene with protein product300256HADH2, MRXS10Abnormality of movement; Aggressive behavior; Agitation; Arachnodactyly; Behavioral abnormality; Broad-based gait; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Choreoathetosis; Delayed speech and language development; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hallucinations; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Infantile axial hypotonia; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Metabolic acidosis; Motor delay; Nystagmus; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Progressive neurologic deterioration; Psychosis; Retinal degeneration; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spastic tetraplegia; Spasticity; Visual loss; X-linked dominant inheritance; X-linked recessive inheritance
IBA571q42.13100%gene with protein product615316C1orf69Abnormality of mitochondrial metabolism; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Cerebral atrophy; Congenital onset; Distal sensory impairment; Encephalopathy; High palate; Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Microcephaly; Optic atrophy; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Polyhydramnios; Polymicrogyria; Retrognathia; Severe muscular hypotonia; Slow progression; Spastic paraplegia; Visual field defect; Visual impairment; Wide intermamillary distance
ISCU12q23.3100%gene with protein productThe common intronic variant is not detectable by XomeDxSlice.611911NIFUNAbnormal iron deposition in mitochondria; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex I; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex II; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex III; Dyspnea; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Exercise intolerance; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Juvenile onset; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial myopathy; Muscle cramps; Muscle weakness; Myoglobinuria; Myopathy; Palpitations; Sideroblastic anemia; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondriaRhabdomyolysis
LARS5q3299.98%gene with protein product151350Abnormality of the coagulation cascade; Acute hepatic failure; Anemia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatomegaly; Lactic acidosis; Macrocytic anemia; Microcephaly; Seizures
LARS23p21.31100%gene with protein product604544Arrhythmia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Congenital onset; Decreased liver function; EEG abnormality; Hypoplasia of the uterus; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Oligohydramnios; Patent ductus arteriosus; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive hearing impairment; Respiratory insufficiency; Seizures; Sideroblastic anemia; Thrombocytopenia; Ventricular septal defect
LIAS4p1499.99%gene with protein product607031Apnea; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Encephalopathy; Feeding difficulties; Flexion contracture; Generalized hypotonia; Growth delay; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Microcephaly; Motor delay; Myoclonus; Profound global developmental delay; Respiratory insufficiency; Seizures; Severe global developmental delay; Sleep disturbance; Spastic tetraplegia
LIPT12q11.2100%gene with protein product610284Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bradycardia; Cerebellar atrophy; Death in infancy; Decreased liver function; Delayed myelination; Dystonia; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Global developmental delay; Increased serum lactate; Increased total bilirubin; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Muscular hypotonia of the trunk; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Spastic tetraparesis
LRPPRC2p2199.97%gene with protein product607544LSFCAnteverted nares; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Delayed speech and language development; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Highly arched eyebrow; Hirsutism; Hyperglycemia; Hypertelorism; Hypoglycemia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Low anterior hairline; Malar flattening; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Midface retrusion; Peripheral demyelination; Prominent forehead; Strabismus; Tachypnea; Tremor; Wide nasal bridge
LYRM46p25.199.99%gene with protein product613311C6orf149Autosomal recessive inheritance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Hepatic steatosis; Lactic acidosis; Neonatal hypotonia; Respiratory distress
LYRM75q23.3-q31.188.47%gene with protein product615831C5orf31Abnormality of the periventricular white matter; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Brisk reflexes; Cerebral atrophy; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Exotropia; External ophthalmoplegia; Failure to thrive; Gait disturbance; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Progressive; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory failure; Spastic tetraparesis
MIPEP13q12.1299.93%gene with protein product602241Autosomal recessive inheritance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hyperalaninemia; Hypertonia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Left ventricular noncompaction; Seizures
MLYCD16q23.3100%gene with protein product606761Abdominal pain; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Chronic constipation; Diarrhea; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Ketosis; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Seizures; Short stature; Vomiting
MPC16q27100%gene with protein product614738BRP44LAutosomal recessive inheritance; Congenital onset; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hypoglycemia; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Lactic acidosis; Organic aciduria; Variable expressivity
MPV172p23.3100%gene with protein product137960Abnormality of the foot; Abnormality of the immune system; Acral ulceration and osteomyelitis leading to autoamputation of digits; Acute hepatic failure; Areflexia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cirrhosis; Decreased number of peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Diarrhea; Distal muscle weakness; Dystonia; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased susceptibility to fractures; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Macrovesicular hepatic steatosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Nystagmus; Osteomyelitis leading to amputation due to slow healing fractures; Pain insensitivity; Painless fractures due to injury; Phenotypic variability; Progressive; Prolonged neonatal jaundice; Recurrent corneal erosions; Reye syndrome-like episodes; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Short stature; Vomiting
MRPS1610q22.2100%gene with protein product609204Abnormal facial shape; Agenesis of corpus callosum; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Brachydactyly; Congenital onset; Edema; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Heterogeneous; Hypokinesia; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Low-set ears; Neonatal hypotonia; Patent ductus arteriosus; Redundant neck skin; Small for gestational age; Ventriculomegaly
MTO16q13100%gene with protein product614667Arrhythmia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cognitive impairment; Congenital onset; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Poor speech; Small for gestational age
NAXE1q2299.95%gene with protein product608862APOA1BPAtaxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Brain atrophy; Cerebellar edema; Cerebral edema; Coma; Death in infancy; Developmental regression; Generalized hypotonia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Nystagmus; Rapidly progressive; Seizures; Skin erosion; Strabismus; Tetraparesis; Tremor
NDUFA1Xq24100%gene with protein product300078Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFA102q37.399.89%gene with protein product603835Abnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
NDUFA1119p13.3100%gene with protein product612638Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFA1212q22100%gene with protein product614530Abnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
NDUFA25q31.3100%gene with protein product602137Abnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
NDUFA912p13.3100%gene with protein product603834NDUFS2LAbnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
NDUFAF115q15.1100%gene with protein product606934Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFAF25q12.199.69%gene with protein product609653NDUFA12LAbnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; CNS demyelination; Coma; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFAF25q12.199.69%gene with protein product609653NDUFA12LAbnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; CNS demyelination; Coma; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFAF33p21.31100%gene with protein product612911C3orf60Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFAF46q16.1100%gene with protein product611776C6orf66Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFAF520p12.199.97%gene with protein product612360C20orf7Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFAF68q22.1100%gene with protein product612392C8orf38Abnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
NDUFB32q33.1100%gene with protein product603839Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFB98q24.13100%gene with protein product601445Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFS12q33.399.99%gene with protein product157655Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFS21q23.3100%gene with protein product602985Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Blurred vision; Central scotoma; Centrocecal scotoma; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Mitochondrial respiratory chain defects; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Retinal telangiectasia; Retinal vascular tortuosity; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slow decrease in visual acuity; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFS311p11.2100%gene with protein product603846Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; CNS demyelination; Coma; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFS311p11.2100%gene with protein product603846Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; CNS demyelination; Coma; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFS45q11.2100%gene with protein product602694Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; CNS demyelination; Coma; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFS45q11.2100%gene with protein product602694Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; CNS demyelination; Coma; Developmental regression; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFS65p15.33100%gene with protein product603848Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFS719p13.3100%gene with protein product601825Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
NDUFS811q13.2100%gene with protein product602141Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; CNS demyelination; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Emotional lability; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity; Strabismus
NDUFV111q13.2100%gene with protein product161015Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NDUFV218p11.22100%gene with protein product600532Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
NFU12p13.3100%gene with protein product608100HIRIP5Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Global developmental delay; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Muscle weakness; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Respiratory failure
NUBPL14q1299.86%gene with protein product613621C14orf127Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
PC11q13.2100%gene with protein product608786Autosomal recessive inheritance; Clonus; Congenital onset; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hyperalaninemia; Hypoglycemia; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Neuronal loss in the cerebral cortex; Periventricular leukomalacia; Proximal renal tubular acidosis; SeizuresAplastic Anemia ; Bardet-Biedl Syndrome ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes ; Heterotaxy ; Inflammatory Bowel Disease ; Nephrotic Syndrome ; Obesity; VACTERL Association
PCCA13q32.399.97%gene with protein product232000Abnormality of immune system physiology; Acute encephalopathy; Anemia; Apnea; Arrhythmia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cardiomyopathy; Cerebral atrophy; Coma; Constipation; Dehydration; Dystonia; Eczema; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hyperammonemia; Hyperglycinemia; Hyperglycinuria; Hypoglycemia; Increased level of hippuric acid in urine; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Limb hypertonia; Metabolic acidosis; Muscular hypotonia of the trunk; Neutropenia; Organic aciduria; Osteoporosis; Pancreatitis; Pancytopenia; Poor appetite; Propionyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency; Seizures; Short stature; Tachypnea; Thrombocytopenia; Vomiting
PCCB3q22.3100%gene with protein product232050Abnormality of immune system physiology; Acute encephalopathy; Anemia; Apnea; Arrhythmia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cardiomyopathy; Cerebral atrophy; Coma; Constipation; Dehydration; Dystonia; Eczema; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hyperammonemia; Hyperglycinemia; Hyperglycinuria; Hypoglycemia; Increased level of hippuric acid in urine; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Limb hypertonia; Metabolic acidosis; Muscular hypotonia of the trunk; Neutropenia; Organic aciduria; Osteoporosis; Pancreatitis; Pancytopenia; Poor appetite; Propionyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency; Seizures; Short stature; Tachypnea; Thrombocytopenia; Vomiting
PDHB3p14.3100%gene with protein product179060Autosomal recessive inheritance; Generalized hypotonia; Lactic acidosis
PDHX11p1399.92%gene with protein product608769Abnormality of eye movement; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Congenital onset; Decreased activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex; Dystonia; Epicanthus; Global developmental delay; High palate; Hyperalaninemia; Hypertelorism; Increased serum pyruvate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Microcephaly; Neonatal hypotonia; Optic atrophy; Partial agenesis of the corpus callosum; Pectus excavatum; Poor fine motor coordination; Poor gross motor coordination; Seizures; Spastic paraplegia; Spastic tetraplegia; Subependymal cysts; Trigonocephaly; Unsteady gait; Variable expressivity
PDP18q22.1100%gene with protein product605993PPM2CAutosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex; Dysphagia; Gait ataxia; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Nystagmus; Seizures
PET10019p13.299.94%gene with protein product614770C19orf79Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
PHKG216p11.2100%gene with protein product172471Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bile duct proliferation; Cirrhosis; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Fasting hypoglycemia; Generalized hypotonia; Growth delay; Hepatomegaly; Hypertriglyceridemia; Infantile onset; Ketosis; Lactic acidosis; Motor delay; Splenomegaly
PNPLA87q31.199.98%gene with protein product612123Autosomal recessive inheritance; Dysarthria; Dysmetria; Dystonia; Episodic vomiting; Focal seizures with impairment of consciousness or awareness; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; Hemiparesis; Hyperalaninemia; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial myopathy; Moderate sensorineural hearing impairment; Postnatal growth retardation; Progressive; Spasticity; Toe walking
POLG15q26.1100%gene with protein productVariants in the POLG gene that have a possible association with valproate-induced toxicity are not routinely reported by this test, but are available upon request.1747633-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Abnormality of visual evoked potentials; Adult onset; Areflexia; Astrocytosis; Ataxia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Atrophy/Degeneration involving the spinal cord; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bile duct proliferation; Bradykinesia; Cachexia; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral cortical neurodegeneration; Choreoathetosis; Cognitive impairment; Coma; Constipation; Cortical visual impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Death in early adulthood; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Dementia; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Depressivity; Developmental regression; Diarrhea; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emotional lability; Epilepsia partialis continua; Ethylmalonic aciduria; Exercise intolerance; External ophthalmoplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Focal seizures; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait ataxia; Gastroesophageal reflux; Gastrointestinal dysmotility; Gastroparesis; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Generalized tonic-clonic seizures; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperalaninemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hypertonia; Hypointensity of cerebral white matter on MRI; Hyporeflexia; Impaired distal proprioception; Impaired distal vibration sensation; Increased CSF protein; Increased serum lactate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Intermittent diarrhea; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Limb ataxia; Limb muscle weakness; Malabsorption; Malnutrition; Microcephaly; Micronodular cirrhosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Migraine; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Mitochondrial myopathy; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve prolapse; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Nausea; Neuronal loss in central nervous system; Nystagmus; Paralysis; Paresthesia; Parkinsonism; Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Poor appetite; Positive Romberg sign; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive gait ataxia; Progressive muscle weakness; Progressive spasticity; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Resting tremor; Rigidity; Secondary amenorrhea; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory ataxic neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small intestinal dysmotility; Spastic paraparesis; Steppage gait; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Testicular atrophy; Variable expressivity; Vestibular dysfunction; Visual loss; Vomiting
POLG15q26.1100%gene with protein productVariants in the POLG gene that have a possible association with valproate-induced toxicity are not routinely reported by this test, but are available upon request.1747633-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Abnormality of visual evoked potentials; Adult onset; Areflexia; Astrocytosis; Ataxia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Atrophy/Degeneration involving the spinal cord; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bile duct proliferation; Bradykinesia; Cachexia; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral cortical neurodegeneration; Choreoathetosis; Cognitive impairment; Coma; Constipation; Cortical visual impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Death in early adulthood; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Dementia; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Depressivity; Developmental regression; Diarrhea; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emotional lability; Epilepsia partialis continua; Ethylmalonic aciduria; Exercise intolerance; External ophthalmoplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Focal seizures; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait ataxia; Gastroesophageal reflux; Gastrointestinal dysmotility; Gastroparesis; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Generalized tonic-clonic seizures; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperalaninemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hypertonia; Hypointensity of cerebral white matter on MRI; Hyporeflexia; Impaired distal proprioception; Impaired distal vibration sensation; Increased CSF protein; Increased serum lactate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Intermittent diarrhea; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Limb ataxia; Limb muscle weakness; Malabsorption; Malnutrition; Microcephaly; Micronodular cirrhosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Migraine; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Mitochondrial myopathy; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve prolapse; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Nausea; Neuronal loss in central nervous system; Nystagmus; Paralysis; Paresthesia; Parkinsonism; Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Poor appetite; Positive Romberg sign; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive gait ataxia; Progressive muscle weakness; Progressive spasticity; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Resting tremor; Rigidity; Secondary amenorrhea; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory ataxic neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small intestinal dysmotility; Spastic paraparesis; Steppage gait; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Testicular atrophy; Variable expressivity; Vestibular dysfunction; Visual loss; Vomiting
PPM1B2p21100%gene with protein product603770Cystinuria; Depressed nasal bridge; Failure to thrive; Frontal bossing; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hypocalcemia; Hypogonadism; Intellectual disability, moderate; Lactic acidosis; Long eyelashes; Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears; Mitochondrial respiratory chain defects; Muscular hypotonia; Nasal speech; Nephrolithiasis; Seizures
PREPL2p2199.77%gene with protein product609557Autosomal recessive inheritance; Congenital onset; Cystinuria; Decreased fetal movement; Depressed nasal bridge; Dolichocephaly; Epicanthus; Failure to thrive; Fatigue; Feeding difficulties; Frontal bossing; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Growth hormone deficiency; Hypocalcemia; Hypogonadism; Intellectual disability, moderate; Lactic acidosis; Long eyelashes; Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears; Mitochondrial respiratory chain defects; Motor delay; Muscular hypotonia; Nasal speech; Nephrolithiasis; Polyphagia; Ptosis; Retrognathia; Seizures; Short stature; Tented upper lip vermilion
PUS112q24.3399.99%gene with protein product608109Anemia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Delayed puberty; Distichiasis; EMG abnormality; Erythroid hyperplasia; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Generalized limb muscle atrophy; Glaucoma; High palate; Hypochromic anemia; Increased serum ferritin; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Kyphosis; Lactic acidosis; Long philtrum; Microcephaly; Microcytic anemia; Micrognathia; Mitochondrial myopathy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Pallor; Progressive muscle weakness; Scoliosis; Short nose; Sideroblastic anemiaAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
PUS112q24.3399.99%gene with protein product608109Anemia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Delayed puberty; Distichiasis; EMG abnormality; Erythroid hyperplasia; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Generalized limb muscle atrophy; Glaucoma; High palate; Hypochromic anemia; Increased serum ferritin; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Kyphosis; Lactic acidosis; Long philtrum; Microcephaly; Microcytic anemia; Micrognathia; Mitochondrial myopathy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Pallor; Progressive muscle weakness; Scoliosis; Short nose; Sideroblastic anemiaAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
RMND16q25.199.93%gene with protein product614917C6orf96Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral cortical atrophy; CNS hypomyelination; Congenital onset; Death in infancy; Decreased liver function; Delayed myelination; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hearing impairment; Hepatic steatosis; Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Myopathy; Pachygyria; Renal cyst; Renal dysplasia; Renal hypoplasia; Renal insufficiency; Renal tubular acidosis; Seizures; Severe muscular hypotonia; Variable expressivity
RRM2B8q22.399.95%gene with protein product604712Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of retinal pigmentation; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Aminoaciduria; Anterior hypopituitarism; Ataxia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Depressivity; Diarrhea; Distal muscle weakness; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; EMG abnormality; Exercise intolerance; External ophthalmoplegia; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait ataxia; Gastroesophageal reflux; Generalized hypotonia; Hearing impairment; Hyperalaninemia; Increased CSF protein; Increased muscle fatiguability; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscular hypotonia; Nausea; Paresthesia; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Poor appetite; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive intervertebral space narrowing; Progressive neurologic deterioration; Proximal tubulopathy; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Reduced tendon reflexes; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small intestinal dysmotility; Third degree atrioventricular block; VomitingRhabdomyolysis
RRM2B8q22.399.95%gene with protein product604712Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of retinal pigmentation; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Aminoaciduria; Anterior hypopituitarism; Ataxia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Depressivity; Diarrhea; Distal muscle weakness; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; EMG abnormality; Exercise intolerance; External ophthalmoplegia; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait ataxia; Gastroesophageal reflux; Generalized hypotonia; Hearing impairment; Hyperalaninemia; Increased CSF protein; Increased muscle fatiguability; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscular hypotonia; Nausea; Paresthesia; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Poor appetite; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive intervertebral space narrowing; Progressive neurologic deterioration; Proximal tubulopathy; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Reduced tendon reflexes; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small intestinal dysmotility; Third degree atrioventricular block; VomitingRhabdomyolysis
SCO117p13.199.99%gene with protein product603644SCOD1Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
SCO222q13.33100%gene with protein product604272MYP6Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Basal ganglia gliosis; Congenital onset; Death in infancy; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Limited extraocular movements; Myopia; Neuronal loss in central nervous system; Respiratory distress
SDHA5p15.33100%gene with protein product600857SDH2Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Abnormal pattern of respiration; Adrenal pheochromocytoma; Ataxia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Cerebral hemorrhage; Chest pain; CNS demyelination; Cognitive impairment; Constipation; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex II; Developmental regression; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; Dystonia; Elevated urinary dopamine; Elevated urinary epinephrine; Elevated urinary norepinephrine; Emotional lability; Episodic abdominal pain; Episodic hyperhidrosis; Episodic paroxysmal anxiety; Exercise intolerance; Extraadrenal pheochromocytoma; Failure to thrive; Fatigue; Flexion contracture; Flushing; Gastrointestinal hemorrhage; Gastrointestinal stroma tumor; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Glomerulosclerosis; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Hypercalcemia; Hyperreflexia; Hypertensive retinopathy; Hypertrichosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Intestinal obstruction; Lactic acidosis; Left ventricular noncompaction; Leukoencephalopathy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Myoclonus; Nausea; Nausea and vomiting; Neonatal hypotonia; Neoplasm of the stomach; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Palpitations; Paraganglioma; Paraganglioma of head and neck; Paroxysmal vertigo; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Positive regitine blocking test; Progressive; Progressive leukoencephalopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Pulsatile tinnitus; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Recurrent paroxysmal headache; Respiratory failure; Sarcoma; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Short stature; Sinus tachycardia; Spasticity; Strabismus; Stress/infection-induced lactic acidosis; Visual impairment; Weight loss
SERAC16q25.399.79%gene with protein product6147253-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function; Abnormality of the coagulation cascade; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Brain atrophy; Cerebellar atrophy; Developmental regression; Dystonia; Encephalopathy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hyperammonemia; Hypoglycemia; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Neonatal sepsis; Recurrent infections; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Spasticity
SFXN410q26.11100%gene with protein product615564Autosomal recessive inheritance; Delayed speech and language development; Dysmetria; Generalized hypotonia; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Intellectual disability, mild; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Tremor; Variable expressivity; Visual impairment
SLC25A1917q25.1100%gene with protein product606521MCPHAAgenesis of corpus callosum; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia; Congenital onset; Contractures of the joints of the lower limbs; Death in infancy; Difficulty walking; Feeding difficulties; Flexion contracture; Hepatomegaly; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Irritability; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Limb hypertonia; Lissencephaly; Metabolic acidosis; Microcephaly; Micrognathia; Muscle weakness; Muscular hypotonia; Muscular hypotonia of the trunk; Optic atrophy; Organic aciduria; Osteoporosis; Paralysis; Partial agenesis of the corpus callosum; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Polyneuropathy; Progressive microcephaly; Severe global developmental delay; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Sloping forehead; Spina bifida; Talipes equinovarus; Temperature instability; Ventriculomegaly
SLC25A312q23.1100%gene with protein product600370PHCAbnormal mitochondrial shape; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cyanosis; Failure to thrive; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Low-output congestive heart failure; Metabolic acidosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Respiratory insufficiencyAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
SLC25A312q23.1100%gene with protein product600370PHCAbnormal mitochondrial shape; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cyanosis; Failure to thrive; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis; Low-output congestive heart failure; Metabolic acidosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Respiratory insufficiencyAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
SLC25A44q35.199.97%gene with protein product103220PEO3, PEO2, ANT1Adult onset; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cataract; Congenital onset; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Exercise intolerance; Facial palsy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Heterogeneous; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hyporeflexia; Lactic acidosis; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Myalgia; Myopathy; Myopia; Nystagmus; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Slow progression; Strabismus; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria
SLC25A44q35.199.97%gene with protein product103220PEO3, PEO2, ANT1Adult onset; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cataract; Congenital onset; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Exercise intolerance; Facial palsy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Heterogeneous; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hyporeflexia; Lactic acidosis; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Myalgia; Myopathy; Myopia; Nystagmus; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Slow progression; Strabismus; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria
SLC25A44q35.199.97%gene with protein product103220PEO3, PEO2, ANT1Adult onset; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cataract; Congenital onset; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Exercise intolerance; Facial palsy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Heterogeneous; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hyporeflexia; Lactic acidosis; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Myalgia; Myopathy; Myopia; Nystagmus; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Slow progression; Strabismus; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria
SLC37A411q23.3100%gene with protein product602671G6PT1, G6PT2, G6PT3Autosomal recessive inheritance; Chronic pancreatitis; Decreased glomerular filtration rate; Delayed puberty; Doll-like facies; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Enlarged kidney; Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis; Gout; Hematuria; Hepatoblastoma; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Hepatomegaly; Hyperlipidemia; Hypertension; Hypoglycemia; Ketosis; Lactic acidosis; Lipemia retinalis; Metabolic acidosis; Nephrolithiasis; Neutropenia; Oral ulcer; Osteoporosis; Pancreatitis; Proteinuria; Protuberant abdomen; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Recurrent bacterial infections; Renal insufficiency; Short stature; Spider hemangioma; XanthelasmaAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes ; Inflammatory Bowel Disease
SLC37A411q23.3100%gene with protein product602671G6PT1, G6PT2, G6PT3Autosomal recessive inheritance; Chronic pancreatitis; Decreased glomerular filtration rate; Delayed puberty; Doll-like facies; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Enlarged kidney; Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis; Gout; Hematuria; Hepatoblastoma; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Hepatomegaly; Hyperlipidemia; Hypertension; Hypoglycemia; Ketosis; Lactic acidosis; Lipemia retinalis; Metabolic acidosis; Nephrolithiasis; Neutropenia; Oral ulcer; Osteoporosis; Pancreatitis; Proteinuria; Protuberant abdomen; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Recurrent bacterial infections; Renal insufficiency; Short stature; Spider hemangioma; XanthelasmaAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes ; Inflammatory Bowel Disease
SLC3A12p21100%gene with protein product104614Abnormality of the nervous system; Argininuria; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cystinuria; Decreased fetal movement; Depressed nasal bridge; Dolichocephaly; Epicanthus; Failure to thrive; Fatigue; Frontal bossing; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hyperlysinuria; Hypocalcemia; Hypogonadism; Intellectual disability, moderate; Lactic acidosis; Long eyelashes; Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears; Mitochondrial respiratory chain defects; Muscular hypotonia; Nasal speech; Nephrolithiasis; Ornithinuria; Polyphagia; Ptosis; Recurrent urinary tract infections; Renal insufficiency; Retrognathia; Seizures; Variable expressivity
SUCLA213q14.2100%gene with protein product603921Abnormal electroretinogram; Abnormality of the basal ganglia; Abnormality of visual evoked potentials; Aminoaciduria; Ataxia; Athetosis; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Behavioral abnormality; Cachexia; Cerebral atrophy; Cerebral calcification; Decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain; Decreased nerve conduction velocity; Delayed gross motor development; Dystonia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Facial diplegia; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hirsutism; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hyporeflexia; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability, progressive; Irritability; Lactic acidosis; Loss of ability to walk in early childhood; Methylmalonic acidemia; Methylmalonic aciduria; Microcephaly; Ophthalmoplegia; Peripheral neuropathy; Progressive encephalopathy; Ptosis; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Ventriculomegaly; Visual impairmentRhabdomyolysis
SUCLG12p11.2100%gene with protein product611224Abnormality of the skin; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral atrophy; Encephalopathy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hyperhidrosis; Hypoglycemia; Hypophosphatemia; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability, severe; Intermittent hyperpnea at rest; Lactic acidosis; Methylmalonic aciduria; Muscular hypotonia; Phenotypic variability; Poor motor coordination; Renal aminoaciduria; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Unsteady gaitRhabdomyolysis
SURF19q34.299.74%gene with protein product185620Abnormal pattern of respiration; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axonal loss; CNS demyelination; Difficulty walking; Dysarthria; Dystonia; Easy fatigability; Emotional lability; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatocellular necrosis; Heterogeneous; Horizontal nystagmus; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrichosis; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Kyphoscoliosis; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Peripheral demyelination; Peripheral neuropathy; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Progressive; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slow progression; Spasticity; Strabismus; Variable expressivity
TACO117q23.3100%gene with protein product612958CCDC44Aminoaciduria; Anemia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Decreased liver function; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Failure to thrive; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Glycosuria; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Increased CSF lactate; Increased hepatocellular lipid droplets; Increased intramyocellular lipid droplets; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Optic atrophy; Pigmentary retinopathy; Proteinuria; Ptosis; Renal Fanconi syndrome; Renal tubular dysfunction; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment
TANGO222q11.21100%gene with protein product616830C22orf25Acute rhabdomyolysis; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cardiac arrest; Cerebral atrophy; Clonus; Drooling; Dysarthria; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated plasma acylcarnitine levels; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Gait ataxia; Gait disturbance; Generalized hypotonia; Hyperactive deep tendon reflexes; Hypothyroidism; Intellectual disability; Ketonuria; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Muscle weakness; Myoglobinuria; Myopathic facies; Neurodegeneration; Oral-pharyngeal dysphagia; Poor coordination; Ventricular fibrillationRhabdomyolysis
TIMMDC13q13.33100%gene with protein product615534C3orf1Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
TK216q21100%gene with protein product188250Abnormality of the basal ganglia; Aminoaciduria; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral atrophy; Decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain; Delayed gross motor development; Depletion of mitochondrial DNA in muscle tissue; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Facial diplegia; Facial palsy; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; Hearing impairment; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability, progressive; Irritability; Lactic acidosis; Limb muscle weakness; Loss of ability to walk in early childhood; Mitochondrial myopathy; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scapular winging; Seizures; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Variable expressivityRhabdomyolysis
TMEM126B11q14.1100%gene with protein product615533Abnormal mitochondria in muscle tissue; Acute necrotizing encephalopathy; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Blindness; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral edema; Coma; Developmental regression; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hepatic failure; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypoglycemia; Hyporeflexia; Increased CSF lactate; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Leukodystrophy; Mitochondrial inheritance; Muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Optic disc pallor; Phenotypic variability; Progressive macrocephaly; Ptosis; Respiratory failure; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Strabismus; Vomiting; X-linked dominant inheritance
TMEM708q21.11100%gene with protein product6124183-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Abnormal aortic valve morphology; Abnormal pulmonary valve morphology; Anteverted nares; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum; Arrhythmia; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Camptodactyly of finger; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Congenital onset; Congestive heart failure; Cryptorchidism; Death in infancy; Encephalitis; Encephalopathy; Failure to thrive; Flat face; Flat occiput; Gastroparesis; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hyperalaninemia; Hyperammonemia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hypospadias; Increased serum lactate; Inguinal hernia; Intellectual disability, moderate; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Long philtrum; Low-set ears; Microcephaly; Microretrognathia; Moderate global developmental delay; Muscular hypotonia; Oligohydramnios; Premature birth; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency; Retrognathia; Short philtrum; Small for gestational age; Tremor; Umbilical hernia; Wide mouth; Wide nasal bridge
TPK17q35100%gene with protein product606370Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Dystonia; Generalized hypotonia; Lactic acidosis; Phenotypic variability; Spasticity; Vertigo
TRMT10C3q12.3100%gene with protein product615423RG9MTD1Autosomal recessive inheritance; Congenital onset; Decreased liver function; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Gastroesophageal reflux; Generalized hypotonia; Hyperalaninemia; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis
TRMU22q13.31100%gene with protein product610230TRMTAbdominal distention; Abnormality of the coagulation cascade; Acute hepatic failure; Aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Hepatomegaly; Hyperbilirubinemia; Increased serum lactate; Jaundice; Lactic acidosis; Macrovesicular hepatic steatosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Mitochondrial inheritance; Mitochondrial respiratory chain defects; Vomiting
TSFM12q14.193.89%gene with protein product604723Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cognitive impairment; Concentric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Death in childhood; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex I; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex III; Decreased activity of mitochondrial complex IV; Decreased fetal movement; Dystonia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Encephalopathy; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Increased serum lactate; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Muscle weakness; Neonatal hypotonia; Optic atrophy; Optic neuropathy; Patent ductus arteriosus; Patent foramen ovale; Phenotypic variability; Respiratory failure; Rhabdomyolysis; Seizures; Tremor; Ventriculomegaly; Visual impairment
TUFM16p11.2100%gene with protein product602389Autosomal recessive inheritance; Death in infancy; Developmental regression; Encephalopathy; Hepatomegaly; Hyperammonemia; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intrauterine growth retardation; Lactic acidosis; Metabolic acidosis; Microcephaly; Neonatal hypotonia; Nystagmus; Opisthotonus; Polymicrogyria; Respiratory failure
TYMP22q13.33100%gene with protein product131222MNGIE, ECGF1Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Areflexia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Constipation; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Death in early adulthood; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Diarrhea; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; External ophthalmoplegia; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gastroesophageal reflux; Gastrointestinal dysmotility; Gastroparesis; Hyperalaninemia; Hypointensity of cerebral white matter on MRI; Increased CSF protein; Intermittent diarrhea; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Malabsorption; Malnutrition; Mitochondrial myopathy; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Nausea; Paresthesia; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Poor appetite; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Small intestinal dysmotility; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Vomiting
TYMP22q13.33100%gene with protein product131222MNGIE, ECGF1Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Areflexia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Constipation; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Death in early adulthood; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Diarrhea; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; External ophthalmoplegia; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gastroesophageal reflux; Gastrointestinal dysmotility; Gastroparesis; Hyperalaninemia; Hypointensity of cerebral white matter on MRI; Increased CSF protein; Intermittent diarrhea; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Malabsorption; Malnutrition; Mitochondrial myopathy; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Nausea; Paresthesia; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Poor appetite; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Small intestinal dysmotility; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Vomiting
UQCC311q12.3100%gene with protein product616097C11orf83Autosomal recessive inheritance; Congenital onset; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Growth delay; Hypoglycemia; Increased serum lactate; Lactic acidosis
USP1822q11.295.82%gene with protein product607057Ascites; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bradycardia; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Cerebral calcification; Cerebral hemorrhage; Congenital onset; Decreased liver function; Generalized hypotonia; Hepatomegaly; Heterotopia; Lactic acidosis; Lethargy; Microcephaly; Patent ductus arteriosus; Petechiae; Polymicrogyria; Respiratory insufficiency; Thrombocytopenia; Ventriculomegaly
YARS212p11.21100%gene with protein product610957Anemia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Delayed puberty; Distichiasis; Dysphagia; EMG abnormality; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized limb muscle atrophy; Glaucoma; Growth delay; High palate; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Kyphosis; Lactic acidosis; Long philtrum; Microcephaly; Micrognathia; Mitochondrial myopathy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Nystagmus; Phenotypic variability; Progressive; Progressive muscle weakness; Ptosis; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scoliosis; Short nose; Sideroblastic anemia; StrabismusAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
YARS212p11.21100%gene with protein product610957Anemia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Delayed puberty; Distichiasis; Dysphagia; EMG abnormality; Exercise intolerance; Failure to thrive; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized limb muscle atrophy; Glaucoma; Growth delay; High palate; Increased serum lactate; Intellectual disability; Kyphosis; Lactic acidosis; Long philtrum; Microcephaly; Micrognathia; Mitochondrial myopathy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Nystagmus; Phenotypic variability; Progressive; Progressive muscle weakness; Ptosis; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scoliosis; Short nose; Sideroblastic anemia; StrabismusAplastic Anemia ; Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes


The gene coverage data provided by GeneDx represent an estimate based on previous results, but the specific sequencing coverage data for the genes selected may vary from individual to individual, and cannot be predicted exactly. Changes to an approved gene list can only be made by contacting GeneDx directly at 888-729-1206 and asking to speak with a member of our Whole Exome Sequencing Laboratory.


  SUGGESTED CUSTOM SLICES  

Customize below OR enter Suggested Slice ID on printed requisition form
(e.g. 706 XomeDxSlice - Slice ID: CS-Albinism).

Suggested Slice IDSuggested Gene List Name
CS-AlbinismAlbinism
CS-AAAplastic Anemia
CS-AutoImmuneAutoimmune Disorders
CS-BBSBardet-Biedl Syndrome
CS-BMFBone Marrow Failure Syndromes
CS-CVIDCommon Variable Immune Deficiency
CS-CKUTCongenital Kidney and Urinary Tract (CKUT) Anomalies
CS-DSDDisorders of Sex Development
CS-EDEctodermal Dysplasia
CS-FAFanconi Anemia
CS-AnemiaHemolytic Anemia
CS-HeterotaxyHeterotaxy
CS-IBDInflammatory Bowel Disease
CS-MaleInfMale Infertility
CS-WWSMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg)
CS-NephroticNephrotic Syndrome
CS-ObesityObesity
CS-PPKCIPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
CS-Primary ImmunodefPrimary Immunodeficiency
CS-RhabdoRhabdomyolysis
CS-SRTDShort-Rib Thoracic Dysplasia
CS-VACTERLVACTERL Association
CS-WSWaardenburg Syndrome