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Phenotypes
Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter

Select all: Gene symbolChrAvg % covered at 10xLocus TypeNoteOMIMPrevious symbol(s)Phenotype(s)Slice(s)
ACTA11q42.13100%gene with protein product102610ACTAAbnormality on pulmonary function testing; Achilles tendon contracture; Areflexia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autophagic vacuoles; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Bulbar palsy; Cardiac conduction abnormality; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Difficulty climbing stairs; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal muscle weakness; Dysphagia; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; EMG: neuropathic changes; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Frequent falls; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hamstring contractures; Hand muscle atrophy; Handgrip myotonia; Heterogeneous; High palate; Hip contracture; Hyperlordosis; Hyporeflexia; Increased connective tissue; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Late-onset distal muscle weakness; Limb muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; Long face; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Mask-like facies; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscle fiber splitting; Muscular hypotonia; Myofibrillar myopathy; Myopathic facies; Myopathy; Narrow face; Neck flexor weakness; Neck muscle weakness; Nemaline bodies; Neonatal hypotonia; Pectus excavatum; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Pneumonia; Polyhydramnios; Poor head control; Progressive muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Recurrent respiratory infections; Reduced tendon reflexes; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Retrognathia; Rimmed vacuoles; Scoliosis; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Torticollis; Type 1 fibers relatively smaller than type 2 fibers; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait; Weak cry; Wrist dropRhabdomyolysis
AIFM1Xq26.1100%gene with protein product300169PDCD8, NAMSDAbnormal middle ear reflexes; Abnormal speech discrimination; Abnormality of the striatum; Areflexia; Decreased nerve conduction velocity; Delayed speech and language development; Developmental regression; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Hearing impairment; Hypokinesia; Impaired pain sensation; Increased connective tissue; Increased CSF lactate; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Intellectual disability; Irritability; Kyphosis; Moderate global developmental delay; Pes cavus; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency; Scoliosis; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Sensory neuropathy; Severe muscular hypotonia; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Tinnitus; Tongue fasciculations; Unsteady gait; X-linked recessive inheritance
ASCC110q22.1100%gene with protein product614215Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axonal loss; Barrett esophagus; Congenital onset; Esophageal carcinoma; Generalized hypotonia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Respiratory failure; Somatic mutation; Spinal muscular atrophy
CASQ11q23.299.93%gene with protein product114250CASQAutosomal dominant inheritance; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Easy fatigability; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Muscle cramps; Muscle fiber tubular inclusions; Muscle weakness; Myalgia; Myopathy; Proximal muscle weaknessRhabdomyolysis
COL12A16q13-q14.1100%gene with protein product120320COL12A1LAbnormality of the palate; Adducted thumb; Areflexia; Cachexia; Camptodactyly of finger; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Decreased fetal movement; Diaphragmatic weakness; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Esotropia; Facial palsy; Flexion contracture; Frequent falls; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; High palate; Hip dislocation; Hyperextensibility at wrists; Increased endomysial connective tissue; Increased laxity of fingers; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Joint hypermobility; Joint stiffness; Knee flexion contracture; Kyphoscoliosis; Kyphosis; Long toe; Micrognathia; Motor delay; Muscle weakness; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Pes valgus; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency; Scoliosis; Short neck; Slender finger; Spinal rigidity; Torticollis
COL6A121q22.3100%gene with protein product120220Abnormality of the cardiovascular system; Abnormality of the palate; Adducted thumb; Ankle contracture; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Camptodactyly of finger; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital muscular torticollis; Decreased fetal movement; Diaphragmatic weakness; Distal muscle weakness; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Esotropia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Follicular hyperkeratosis; Frequent falls; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; High palate; Hip dislocation; Hyperextensibility at wrists; Hyperhidrosis; Increased endomysial connective tissue; Increased laxity of ankles; Increased laxity of fingers; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Joint laxity; Joint stiffness; Knee flexion contracture; Kyphosis; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Long toe; Micrognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Myopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Nocturnal hypoventilation; Pes valgus; Progressive; Protruding ear; Proximal muscle weakness; Recurrent lower respiratory tract infections; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Round face; Scoliosis; Short neck; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slender finger; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Talipes equinovarus; Torticollis; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity
COL6A121q22.3100%gene with protein product120220Abnormality of the cardiovascular system; Abnormality of the palate; Adducted thumb; Ankle contracture; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Camptodactyly of finger; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital muscular torticollis; Decreased fetal movement; Diaphragmatic weakness; Distal muscle weakness; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Esotropia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Follicular hyperkeratosis; Frequent falls; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; High palate; Hip dislocation; Hyperextensibility at wrists; Hyperhidrosis; Increased endomysial connective tissue; Increased laxity of ankles; Increased laxity of fingers; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Joint laxity; Joint stiffness; Knee flexion contracture; Kyphosis; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Long toe; Micrognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Myopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Nocturnal hypoventilation; Pes valgus; Progressive; Protruding ear; Proximal muscle weakness; Recurrent lower respiratory tract infections; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Round face; Scoliosis; Short neck; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slender finger; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Talipes equinovarus; Torticollis; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity
COL6A221q22.3100%gene with protein product120240Abnormality of the cardiovascular system; Abnormality of the palate; Achilles tendon contracture; Adducted thumb; Ankle contracture; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Camptodactyly of finger; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital muscular torticollis; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased pulmonary function; Diaphragmatic weakness; Distal muscle weakness; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Esotropia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Follicular hyperkeratosis; Frequent falls; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; High palate; Hip dislocation; Hyperextensibility at wrists; Hyperhidrosis; Increased connective tissue; Increased endomysial connective tissue; Increased laxity of ankles; Increased laxity of fingers; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Joint laxity; Joint stiffness; Juvenile onset; Knee flexion contracture; Kyphosis; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Long toe; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Micrognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Myopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Nocturnal hypoventilation; Pes valgus; Progressive; Protruding ear; Proximal muscle weakness; Recurrent lower respiratory tract infections; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Restricted neck movement due to contractures; Round face; Scoliosis; Short neck; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slender finger; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Talipes equinovarus; Thoracolumbar scoliosis; Torticollis; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity
COL6A221q22.3100%gene with protein product120240Abnormality of the cardiovascular system; Abnormality of the palate; Achilles tendon contracture; Adducted thumb; Ankle contracture; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Camptodactyly of finger; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital muscular torticollis; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased pulmonary function; Diaphragmatic weakness; Distal muscle weakness; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Esotropia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Follicular hyperkeratosis; Frequent falls; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; High palate; Hip dislocation; Hyperextensibility at wrists; Hyperhidrosis; Increased connective tissue; Increased endomysial connective tissue; Increased laxity of ankles; Increased laxity of fingers; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Joint laxity; Joint stiffness; Juvenile onset; Knee flexion contracture; Kyphosis; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Long toe; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Micrognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Myopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Nocturnal hypoventilation; Pes valgus; Progressive; Protruding ear; Proximal muscle weakness; Recurrent lower respiratory tract infections; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Restricted neck movement due to contractures; Round face; Scoliosis; Short neck; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slender finger; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Talipes equinovarus; Thoracolumbar scoliosis; Torticollis; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity
COL6A32q37.3100%gene with protein product120250Abnormality of the cardiovascular system; Abnormality of the palate; Adducted thumb; Ankle contracture; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Camptodactyly of finger; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital muscular torticollis; Decreased fetal movement; Diaphragmatic weakness; Distal muscle weakness; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Esotropia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Follicular hyperkeratosis; Frequent falls; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; High palate; Hip dislocation; Hyperextensibility at wrists; Hyperhidrosis; Increased endomysial connective tissue; Increased laxity of ankles; Increased laxity of fingers; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Joint laxity; Joint stiffness; Knee flexion contracture; Kyphosis; Laryngeal dystonia; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Long toe; Micrognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Myopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Nocturnal hypoventilation; Oromandibular dystonia; Pes valgus; Postural tremor; Progressive; Protruding ear; Proximal muscle weakness; Recurrent lower respiratory tract infections; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Round face; Scoliosis; Short neck; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slender finger; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Talipes equinovarus; Torticollis; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity
COL6A32q37.3100%gene with protein product120250Abnormality of the cardiovascular system; Abnormality of the palate; Adducted thumb; Ankle contracture; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cachexia; Camptodactyly of finger; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital muscular torticollis; Decreased fetal movement; Diaphragmatic weakness; Distal muscle weakness; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Esotropia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Follicular hyperkeratosis; Frequent falls; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; High palate; Hip dislocation; Hyperextensibility at wrists; Hyperhidrosis; Increased endomysial connective tissue; Increased laxity of ankles; Increased laxity of fingers; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Joint laxity; Joint stiffness; Knee flexion contracture; Kyphosis; Laryngeal dystonia; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Long toe; Micrognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Myopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Nocturnal hypoventilation; Oromandibular dystonia; Pes valgus; Postural tremor; Progressive; Protruding ear; Proximal muscle weakness; Recurrent lower respiratory tract infections; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Round face; Scoliosis; Short neck; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slender finger; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Talipes equinovarus; Torticollis; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity
DNAJB67q36.3100%gene with protein product611332LGMD1DAdult onset; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Difficulty climbing stairs; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Generalized muscle weakness; Gowers sign; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Muscle fiber splitting; Muscular dystrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Rimmed vacuoles; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Slow progression; Waddling gaitRhabdomyolysis
DPM31q22100%gene with protein product605951Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Chest pain; Decreased sialylation of O-linked protein glycosylation; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Elevated creatine kinase after exercise; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Intellectual disability, profound; Muscle weakness; Muscular dystrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Pes planus; Reduced tendon reflexes; Rimmed vacuoles; Stroke-like episode; Type I transferrin isoform profile; Waddling gait
DYSF2p13.2100%gene with protein product603009LGMD2BAdult onset; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased Achilles reflex; Decreased/absent ankle reflexes; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty running; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Heterogeneous; Increased connective tissue; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Lower limb muscle weakness; Muscle fiber splitting; Muscle fibrillation; Muscular dystrophy; Proximal muscle weakness; Rapidly progressive; Slow progressionRhabdomyolysis
FHL1Xq26.3100%gene with protein product300163Abnormality of the voice; Adult onset; Areflexia; Arrhythmia; Back pain; Brachyturricephaly; Broad nail; Broad palm; Camptodactyly of toe; Cardiomyopathy; Congenital hip dislocation; Dislocation of toes; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Everted lower lip vermilion; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Frequent falls; Hallux valgus; Hyperlordosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hyporeflexia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Joint contracture of the hand; Kyphosis; Limited elbow movement; Low-set ears; Lower limb muscle weakness; Marked muscular hypertrophy; Mitral regurgitation; Myofibrillar myopathy; Posteriorly rotated ears; Progressive; Progressive pes cavus; Prominent supraorbital ridges; Proximal muscle weakness; Pugilistic facies; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Retrognathia; Rimmed vacuoles; Scapular winging; Scapuloperoneal myopathy; Scapuloperoneal weakness; Scoliosis; Short neck; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spinal rigidity; Steppage gait; Synophrys; Ventricular hypertrophy; Waddling gait; X-linked dominant inheritance; X-linked inheritance; X-linked recessive inheritanceRhabdomyolysis
FHL1Xq26.3100%gene with protein product300163Abnormality of the voice; Adult onset; Areflexia; Arrhythmia; Back pain; Brachyturricephaly; Broad nail; Broad palm; Camptodactyly of toe; Cardiomyopathy; Congenital hip dislocation; Dislocation of toes; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Everted lower lip vermilion; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Frequent falls; Hallux valgus; Hyperlordosis; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Hyporeflexia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Joint contracture of the hand; Kyphosis; Limited elbow movement; Low-set ears; Lower limb muscle weakness; Marked muscular hypertrophy; Mitral regurgitation; Myofibrillar myopathy; Posteriorly rotated ears; Progressive; Progressive pes cavus; Prominent supraorbital ridges; Proximal muscle weakness; Pugilistic facies; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Retrognathia; Rimmed vacuoles; Scapular winging; Scapuloperoneal myopathy; Scapuloperoneal weakness; Scoliosis; Short neck; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spinal rigidity; Steppage gait; Synophrys; Ventricular hypertrophy; Waddling gait; X-linked dominant inheritance; X-linked inheritance; X-linked recessive inheritanceRhabdomyolysis
GNE9p13.3100%gene with protein product603824IBM22-3 toe syndactyly; Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Absent Achilles reflex; Adult onset; Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cholelithiasis; Coarse facial features; Deposits immunoreactive to beta-amyloid protein; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Dysostosis multiplex; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; EMG: myotonic discharges; EMG: positive sharp waves; Epicanthus; Episodic abdominal pain; Expressive language delay; Fatty replacement of skeletal muscle; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Frontal bossing; Gait disturbance; Generalized hirsutism; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Hepatomegaly; Hepatosplenomegaly; High palate; High, narrow palate; Hip flexor weakness; Hoarse voice; Hyperkinesis; Hypertelorism; Hypoplastic nipples; Hypothyroidism; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Inguinal hernia; Intellectual disability, mild; Joint hypermobility; Limb-girdle muscle atrophy; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Limited shoulder movement; Limited wrist extension; Long hallux; Long philtrum; Low posterior hairline; Low-set ears; Memory impairment; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Muscle fiber inclusion bodies; Periorbital fullness; Prolonged partial thromboplastin time; Prolonged prothrombin time; Prominent forehead; Protuberant abdomen; Proximal muscle weakness; Rimmed vacuoles; Scoliosis; Seizures; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Sleep apnea; Smooth philtrum; Spinal deformities; Splenomegaly; Steppage gait; Synophrys; Thin upper lip vermilion; Thoracic hypoplasia; Tibialis muscle weakness; Upper airway obstruction; Wide nasal bridgeBone Marrow Failure Syndromes ; Rhabdomyolysis
HNRNPA112q13.13100%gene with protein product164017HNRPA1Abnormality of the abdominal musculature; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Anxiety; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Brain atrophy; Depressivity; Distal muscle weakness; Dyspnea; Elevated alkaline phosphatase; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emotional lability; Fatigable weakness of respiratory muscles; Fatigable weakness of swallowing muscles; Fatigue; Frontotemporal dementia; Generalized muscle weakness; Hip pain; Hyperlordosis; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Muscle cramps; Muscle fiber inclusion bodies; Muscular dystrophy; Myopathy; Neurodegeneration; Osteolysis; Pain; Paralysis; Proximal muscle weakness; Respiratory failure; Rimmed vacuoles; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Ubiquitin-positive cerebral inclusion bodies; Waddling gait; Xerostomia
HNRNPA2B17p15.2100%gene with protein product600124HNRPA2B1Abnormality of the skeletal system; Behavioral abnormality; Brain atrophy; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Distal muscle weakness; Elevated alkaline phosphatase; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Frontotemporal dementia; Hip pain; Hyperlordosis; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Muscle fiber atrophy; Muscular dystrophy; Myopathy; Myositis; Osteolysis; Proximal muscle weakness; Rimmed vacuoles; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Ubiquitin-positive cerebral inclusion bodies; Waddling gait
ITGA712q13.2100%gene with protein product600536Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cognitive impairment; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Fatty replacement of skeletal muscle; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile muscular hypotonia; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Motor delay; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Pectus excavatum; Recurrent respiratory infections; Reduced tendon reflexes; Scoliosis; Skeletal muscle atrophyRhabdomyolysis
MYOT5q31.299.92%gene with protein product604103TTID, LGMD1A, LGMD1Absent Achilles reflex; Achilles tendon contracture; Adult onset; Areflexia; Autophagic vacuoles; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Broad-based gait; Cardiomyopathy; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty standing; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Dysphagia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Fatty replacement of skeletal muscle; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Heterogeneous; Hip flexor weakness; Hyporeflexia; Hyporeflexia of lower limbs; Inability to walk; Increased endomysial connective tissue; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Late-onset distal muscle weakness; Limited elbow flexion; Limited knee flexion/extension; Muscle fiber cytoplasmatic inclusion bodies; Muscle fiber splitting; Muscle stiffness; Muscular dystrophy; Myalgia; Myofibrillar myopathy; Myopathy; Nasal speech; Nasal, dysarthic speech; Neck flexor weakness; Onset; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Polyneuropathy; Progressive distal muscle weakness; Proximal amyotrophy; Proximal muscle weakness; Rimmed vacuoles; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slow progression; Variable expressivity; Waddling gaitRhabdomyolysis
NEFH22q12.2100%gene with protein product162230Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Anxiety; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Depressivity; Distal sensory impairment; Dyspnea; Emotional lability; Fatigable weakness of respiratory muscles; Fatigable weakness of swallowing muscles; Fatigue; Frequent falls; Generalized muscle weakness; Hyporeflexia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Muscle cramps; Muscle fiber splitting; Myopathy; Neurodegeneration; Pain; Paralysis; Pes cavus; Progressive; Pyloric stenosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Respiratory failure; Rimmed vacuoles; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait; Xerostomia
OPA13q2999.94%gene with protein product605290Abnormal amplitude of pattern reversal visual evoked potentials; Abnormal auditory evoked potentials; Abnormality of color vision; Achilles tendon contracture; Adductor longus contractures; Apnea; Ataxia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Babinski sign; Breech presentation; Caesarian section; Central scotoma; Centrocecal scotoma; Cerebellar atrophy; Dysmetria; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Gait disturbance; Hamstring contractures; Horizontal nystagmus; Hyperreflexia; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Impaired pain sensation; Incomplete penetrance; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Insidious onset; Intellectual disability; Motor delay; Muscular hypotonia of the trunk; Myopathy; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Opisthotonus; Optic atrophy; Peripheral neuropathy; Phenotypic variability; Profound global developmental delay; Progressive; Progressive sensorineural hearing impairment; Progressive spasticity; Progressive visual loss; Ptosis; Red-green dyschromatopsia; Reduced tendon reflexes; Reduced visual acuity; Retinal degeneration; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Strabismus; Tremor; Tritanomaly; Visual impairment; Weak cry
ORAI112q24.3199.36%gene with protein product610277TMEM142AAbnormal thrombocyte morphology; Abnormality of coagulation; Abnormality of the musculature; Anemia; Areflexia of lower limbs; Asplenia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Deeply set eye; Difficulty walking; Ectodermal dysplasia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Episodic fever; Failure to thrive; Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Generalized muscle weakness; Gowers sign; Heat intolerance; High forehead; Hypocalcemia; Ichthyosis; Immunodeficiency; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Miosis; Muscle cramps; Muscle fiber tubular inclusions; Muscular hypotonia; Myalgia; Myopathy; Neurological speech impairment; Proximal muscle weakness; Purpura; Recurrent aphthous stomatitis; Recurrent infections; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Short stature; Slow progression; Spinal rigidityAutoimmune Disorders ; Ectodermal Dysplasia
POLG15q26.1100%gene with protein productVariants in the POLG gene that have a possible association with valproate-induced toxicity are not routinely reported by this test, but are available upon request.1747633-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Abnormality of visual evoked potentials; Adult onset; Areflexia; Astrocytosis; Ataxia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Atrophy/Degeneration involving the spinal cord; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bile duct proliferation; Bradykinesia; Cachexia; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral cortical neurodegeneration; Choreoathetosis; Cognitive impairment; Coma; Constipation; Cortical visual impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Death in early adulthood; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Dementia; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Depressivity; Developmental regression; Diarrhea; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emotional lability; Epilepsia partialis continua; Ethylmalonic aciduria; Exercise intolerance; External ophthalmoplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Focal seizures; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait ataxia; Gastroesophageal reflux; Gastrointestinal dysmotility; Gastroparesis; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Generalized tonic-clonic seizures; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperalaninemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hypertonia; Hypointensity of cerebral white matter on MRI; Hyporeflexia; Impaired distal proprioception; Impaired distal vibration sensation; Increased CSF protein; Increased serum lactate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Intermittent diarrhea; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Limb ataxia; Limb muscle weakness; Malabsorption; Malnutrition; Microcephaly; Micronodular cirrhosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Migraine; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Mitochondrial myopathy; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve prolapse; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Nausea; Neuronal loss in central nervous system; Nystagmus; Paralysis; Paresthesia; Parkinsonism; Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Poor appetite; Positive Romberg sign; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive gait ataxia; Progressive muscle weakness; Progressive spasticity; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Resting tremor; Rigidity; Secondary amenorrhea; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory ataxic neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small intestinal dysmotility; Spastic paraparesis; Steppage gait; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Testicular atrophy; Variable expressivity; Vestibular dysfunction; Visual loss; Vomiting
POLG15q26.1100%gene with protein productVariants in the POLG gene that have a possible association with valproate-induced toxicity are not routinely reported by this test, but are available upon request.1747633-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Abnormality of visual evoked potentials; Adult onset; Areflexia; Astrocytosis; Ataxia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Atrophy/Degeneration involving the spinal cord; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bile duct proliferation; Bradykinesia; Cachexia; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral cortical neurodegeneration; Choreoathetosis; Cognitive impairment; Coma; Constipation; Cortical visual impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Death in early adulthood; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Dementia; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Depressivity; Developmental regression; Diarrhea; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emotional lability; Epilepsia partialis continua; Ethylmalonic aciduria; Exercise intolerance; External ophthalmoplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Focal seizures; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait ataxia; Gastroesophageal reflux; Gastrointestinal dysmotility; Gastroparesis; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Generalized tonic-clonic seizures; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperalaninemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hypertonia; Hypointensity of cerebral white matter on MRI; Hyporeflexia; Impaired distal proprioception; Impaired distal vibration sensation; Increased CSF protein; Increased serum lactate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Intermittent diarrhea; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Limb ataxia; Limb muscle weakness; Malabsorption; Malnutrition; Microcephaly; Micronodular cirrhosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Migraine; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Mitochondrial myopathy; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve prolapse; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Nausea; Neuronal loss in central nervous system; Nystagmus; Paralysis; Paresthesia; Parkinsonism; Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Poor appetite; Positive Romberg sign; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive gait ataxia; Progressive muscle weakness; Progressive spasticity; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Resting tremor; Rigidity; Secondary amenorrhea; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory ataxic neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small intestinal dysmotility; Spastic paraparesis; Steppage gait; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Testicular atrophy; Variable expressivity; Vestibular dysfunction; Visual loss; Vomiting
POLG15q26.1100%gene with protein productVariants in the POLG gene that have a possible association with valproate-induced toxicity are not routinely reported by this test, but are available upon request.1747633-Methylglutaconic aciduria; Abdominal distention; Abdominal pain; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Abnormality of the extraocular muscles; Abnormality of the hand; Abnormality of the mitochondrion; Abnormality of visual evoked potentials; Adult onset; Areflexia; Astrocytosis; Ataxia; Atrophic muscularis propria; Atrophy/Degeneration involving the spinal cord; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bile duct proliferation; Bradykinesia; Cachexia; Cataract; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral cortical neurodegeneration; Choreoathetosis; Cognitive impairment; Coma; Constipation; Cortical visual impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Death in early adulthood; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of large peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased sensory nerve conduction velocity; Dementia; Demyelinating peripheral neuropathy; Depressivity; Developmental regression; Diarrhea; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emotional lability; Epilepsia partialis continua; Ethylmalonic aciduria; Exercise intolerance; External ophthalmoplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Focal seizures; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait ataxia; Gastroesophageal reflux; Gastrointestinal dysmotility; Gastroparesis; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Generalized tonic-clonic seizures; Gliosis; Global developmental delay; Hepatic failure; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; Hyperalaninemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hypertonia; Hypointensity of cerebral white matter on MRI; Hyporeflexia; Impaired distal proprioception; Impaired distal vibration sensation; Increased CSF protein; Increased serum lactate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Intermittent diarrhea; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Lactic acidosis; Leukoencephalopathy; Limb ataxia; Limb muscle weakness; Malabsorption; Malnutrition; Microcephaly; Micronodular cirrhosis; Microvesicular hepatic steatosis; Migraine; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Mitochondrial myopathy; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve prolapse; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Nausea; Neuronal loss in central nervous system; Nystagmus; Paralysis; Paresthesia; Parkinsonism; Parkinsonism with favorable response to dopaminergic medication; Peripheral axonal neuropathy; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Poor appetite; Positive Romberg sign; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive gait ataxia; Progressive muscle weakness; Progressive spasticity; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Rapidly progressive; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Resting tremor; Rigidity; Secondary amenorrhea; Seizures; Sensorimotor neuropathy; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory ataxic neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Small intestinal dysmotility; Spastic paraparesis; Steppage gait; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Testicular atrophy; Variable expressivity; Vestibular dysfunction; Visual loss; Vomiting
RYR119q13.299.99%gene with protein productXomeDxSlice is not appropriate for pharmacogenomic analysis of this gene. 180901MHS, MHS1, CCOAbnormality of the coagulation cascade; Areflexia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Bulbar palsy; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Congenital hip dislocation; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Difficulty running; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Dysphagia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Exercise-induced myalgia; External ophthalmoplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Fever; Flexion contracture; Generalized muscle weakness; Heterogeneous; High palate; Hydrops fetalis; Hyperkalemia; Hyperphosphatemia; Hypotension; Increased connective tissue; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Joint laxity; Kyphoscoliosis; Long face; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Malignant hyperthermia; Mixed respiratory and metabolic acidosis; Motor delay; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myoglobinuria; Myopathic facies; Myopathy; Narrow face; Nemaline bodies; Neonatal hypotonia; Neonatal onset; Nonprogressive; Pes planus; Phenotypic variability; Polyhydramnios; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Recurrent respiratory infections; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Rhabdomyolysis; Rigidity; Scoliosis; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slow progression; Tachycardia; Type 1 and type 2 muscle fiber minicore regions; Type 1 fibers relatively smaller than type 2 fibers; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity; Weak cryRhabdomyolysis
SELENON1p36.1191.56%gene with protein productFormer name = SEPN1606210RSMD1, MDRS1, SEPN1Abnormality of the rib cage; Abnormality on pulmonary function testing; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Bulbar palsy; Cardiac conduction abnormality; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Dysphagia; Elbow flexion contracture; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Flexion contracture; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Hamstring contractures; Heterogeneous; High palate; High pitched voice; Hip contracture; Hyperlordosis; Hyporeflexia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Infantile onset; Limited neck flexion; Long face; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Motor delay; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Narrow face; Nasal speech; Neck muscle weakness; Neonatal hypotonia; Nocturnal hypoventilation; Nonprogressive; Pectus excavatum; Pneumonia; Poor head control; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Recurrent respiratory infections; Reduced tendon reflexes; Reduced vital capacity; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Restrictive deficit on pulmonary function testing; Scoliosis; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spinal rigidity; Type 1 and type 2 muscle fiber minicore regions; Type 1 fibers relatively smaller than type 2 fibers; Variable expressivity; Weak cry
SQSTM15q35.3100%gene with protein product601530PDB3, OSILAbnormal brain FDG positron emission tomography; Abnormal lower motor neuron morphology; Abnormal pyramidal signs; Abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Absent Achilles reflex; Aggressive behavior; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Anxiety; Apathy; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bone pain; Brain stem compression; Bulbar palsy; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Collectionism; Cranial nerve paralysis; Depressivity; Disinhibition; Dysarthria; Dyscalculia; Dysdiadochokinesis; Dysgraphia; Dyslexia; Dysmetria; Dysphagia; Dysphasia; Dyspnea; Dystonia; Echolalia; EEG with continuous slow activity; Elevated alkaline phosphatase; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; EMG: myotonic discharges; EMG: positive sharp waves; Emotional blunting; Emotional lability; Facial palsy; Fasciculations; Fatigable weakness of respiratory muscles; Fatigable weakness of swallowing muscles; Fatigue; Fatty replacement of skeletal muscle; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Fractures of the long bones; Frontotemporal cerebral atrophy; Frontotemporal dementia; Gait ataxia; Generalized muscle weakness; Heterogeneous; Hip flexor weakness; Hydroxyprolinuria; Hyperorality; Hyperreflexia; Hyporeflexia; Hypothyroidism; Inappropriate behavior; Increased susceptibility to fractures; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Irritability; Lack of insight; Language impairment; Limb ataxia; Limited shoulder movement; Limited wrist extension; Long-tract signs; Loss of speech; Memory impairment; Mental deterioration; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Muscle cramps; Muscle fiber inclusion bodies; Mutism; Neurodegeneration; Nystagmus; Oculomotor apraxia; Osteolysis; Osteosarcoma; Pain; Paralysis; Paraparesis; Patchy osteosclerosis; Perseveration; Personality changes; Phenotypic variability; Poor speech; Premature loss of teeth; Progressive; Respiratory failure; Restlessness; Restrictive behavior; Rimmed vacuoles; Scapular winging; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Steppage gait; Stereotypy; Tetraparesis; Thickened nuchal skin fold; Tibialis muscle weakness; Tremor; Variable expressivity; Vertebral compression fractures; Vertical supranuclear gaze palsy; Xerostomia
STIM111p15.4100%gene with protein product605921Abnormal thrombocyte morphology; Abnormality of coagulation; Abnormality of the musculature; Adult onset; Anemia; Areflexia of lower limbs; Asplenia; Autoimmune hemolytic anemia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Deeply set eye; Difficulty running; Easy fatigability; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Episodic fever; Exercise-induced myalgia; Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles; Frequent falls; High forehead; Hypohidrosis; Hypoplasia of the iris; Hyporeflexia of lower limbs; Ichthyosis; Immunodeficiency; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Lymphadenopathy; Miosis; Muscle cramps; Muscle fiber tubular inclusions; Muscle stiffness; Muscular hypotonia; Myalgia; Myopathy; Nail dysplasia; Neurological speech impairment; Proximal amyotrophy; Proximal muscle weakness; Purpura; Recurrent bacterial infections; Short stature; Slow progression; Thrombocytopenia; Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy; Variable expressivity; Weakness of the intrinsic hand musclesAutoimmune Disorders ; Inflammatory Bowel Disease ; Palmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
STIM111p15.4100%gene with protein product605921Abnormal thrombocyte morphology; Abnormality of coagulation; Abnormality of the musculature; Adult onset; Anemia; Areflexia of lower limbs; Asplenia; Autoimmune hemolytic anemia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Deeply set eye; Difficulty running; Easy fatigability; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Episodic fever; Exercise-induced myalgia; Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles; Frequent falls; High forehead; Hypohidrosis; Hypoplasia of the iris; Hyporeflexia of lower limbs; Ichthyosis; Immunodeficiency; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Lymphadenopathy; Miosis; Muscle cramps; Muscle fiber tubular inclusions; Muscle stiffness; Muscular hypotonia; Myalgia; Myopathy; Nail dysplasia; Neurological speech impairment; Proximal amyotrophy; Proximal muscle weakness; Purpura; Recurrent bacterial infections; Short stature; Slow progression; Thrombocytopenia; Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy; Variable expressivity; Weakness of the intrinsic hand musclesAutoimmune Disorders ; Inflammatory Bowel Disease ; Palmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
TCAP17q12100%gene with protein product604488LGMD2GAreflexia of lower limbs; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty running; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal lower limb amyotrophy; Distal lower limb muscle weakness; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Increased connective tissue; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Muscular dystrophy; Proximal muscle weakness in lower limbs; Proximal muscle weakness in upper limbs; Proximal upper limb amyotrophy; Rimmed vacuolesRhabdomyolysis
TRIM329q33.1100%gene with protein product602290LGMD2HAbnormal electroretinogram; Abnormality of the kidney; Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Calf muscle pseudohypertrophy; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Exercise-induced myalgia; Facial palsy; Gowers sign; Hypertension; Hypogonadism; Hypoplasia of penis; Hypoplasia of the ovary; Hyporeflexia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Intellectual disability; Mask-like facies; Multicystic kidney dysplasia; Muscular dystrophy; Myopathy; Neck flexor weakness; Nystagmus; Obesity; Pelvic girdle muscle atrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Polydactyly; Postaxial hand polydactyly; Proximal muscle weakness in lower limbs; Quadriceps muscle weakness; Retinopathy; Short stature; Shoulder girdle muscle atrophy; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Slow progression; Tall stature; Waddling gaitBardet-Biedl Syndrome ; Disorders of Sex Development; Heterotaxy ; Obesity; Rhabdomyolysis
TRIM329q33.1100%gene with protein product602290LGMD2HAbnormal electroretinogram; Abnormality of the kidney; Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Calf muscle pseudohypertrophy; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Exercise-induced myalgia; Facial palsy; Gowers sign; Hypertension; Hypogonadism; Hypoplasia of penis; Hypoplasia of the ovary; Hyporeflexia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Intellectual disability; Mask-like facies; Multicystic kidney dysplasia; Muscular dystrophy; Myopathy; Neck flexor weakness; Nystagmus; Obesity; Pelvic girdle muscle atrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Polydactyly; Postaxial hand polydactyly; Proximal muscle weakness in lower limbs; Quadriceps muscle weakness; Retinopathy; Short stature; Shoulder girdle muscle atrophy; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Slow progression; Tall stature; Waddling gaitBardet-Biedl Syndrome ; Disorders of Sex Development; Heterotaxy ; Obesity; Rhabdomyolysis
TWNK10q24.31100%gene with protein productFormer name = C10orf2606075IOSCA, C10orf2Abnormality of movement; Abnormality of the autonomic nervous system; Adult onset; Areflexia; Ataxia; Athetosis; Atrophy/Degeneration affecting the brainstem; Atrophy/Degeneration involving the spinal cord; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebellar atrophy; Cerebral atrophy; Cerebral cortical atrophy; Clumsiness; Cognitive impairment; Cytochrome C oxidase-negative muscle fibers; Dementia; Depressivity; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Dysphonia; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Epilepsia partialis continua; Epileptic encephalopathy; Excessive daytime somnolence; Exercise intolerance; Fatigue; Gait disturbance; Gastroparesis; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Gonadal dysgenesis; Hearing impairment; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hyporeflexia; Impaired distal proprioception; Impaired distal vibration sensation; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Intellectual disability; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Limb muscle weakness; Loss of ability to walk; Migraine; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscle weakness; Myalgia; Myoclonus; Nystagmus; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Phenotypic variability; Poor eye contact; Positive Romberg sign; Primary amenorrhea; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Progressive gait ataxia; Progressive muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness; Psychosis; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Reduced tendon reflexes; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory ataxia; Sensory ataxic neuropathy; Sensory axonal neuropathy; Specific learning disability; Subsarcolemmal accumulations of abnormally shaped mitochondria; Vestibular dysfunction
VCP9p13.3100%gene with protein product601023Abnormal brain FDG positron emission tomography; Abnormal nerve conduction velocity; Abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology; Abnormality of the cerebral white matter; Absent Achilles reflex; Aggressive behavior; Alexia; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Anxiety; Apraxia; Arthralgia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Babinski sign; Back pain; Bone pain; Brain atrophy; Collectionism; Depressivity; Difficulty climbing stairs; Disinhibition; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Dysarthria; Dyscalculia; Dysgraphia; Dyslexia; Dysphasia; Dyspnea; Dystonia; Echolalia; EEG with continuous slow activity; Elevated alkaline phosphatase; Elevated alkaline phosphatase of bone origin; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; EMG: neuropathic changes; Emotional blunting; Emotional lability; Fasciculations; Fatigable weakness of respiratory muscles; Fatigable weakness of swallowing muscles; Fatigue; Frontal cortical atrophy; Frontotemporal cerebral atrophy; Frontotemporal dementia; Gait disturbance; Gait imbalance; Generalized muscle weakness; Grammar-specific speech disorder; Hammertoe; Hip pain; Hyperlordosis; Hyperorality; Impaired vibration sensation in the lower limbs; Inappropriate behavior; Increased spinal bone density; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Irritability; Lack of insight; Limb fasciculations; Limb muscle weakness; Loss of speech; Lower limb hyperreflexia; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Memory impairment; Muscle cramps; Muscle weakness; Myopathy; Neurodegeneration; Osteolysis; Pain; Paralysis; Pelvic girdle amyotrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle atrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Perseveration; Personality changes; Pes cavus; Poor speech; Progressive; Proximal muscle weakness; Recurrent fractures; Respiratory failure; Restlessness; Restrictive behavior; Rimmed vacuoles; Scapular winging; Short stature; Shoulder girdle muscle atrophy; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spastic gait; Spastic paraplegia; Spasticity; Spoken Word Recognition Deficit; Stereotypy; Temporal cortical atrophy; Thickened nuchal skin fold; Tongue fasciculations; Ubiquitin-positive cerebral inclusion bodies; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait; Xerostomia


The gene coverage data provided by GeneDx represent an estimate based on previous results, but the specific sequencing coverage data for the genes selected may vary from individual to individual, and cannot be predicted exactly. Changes to an approved gene list can only be made by contacting GeneDx directly at 888-729-1206 and asking to speak with a member of our Whole Exome Sequencing Laboratory.


  SUGGESTED CUSTOM SLICES  

Customize below OR enter Suggested Slice ID on printed requisition form
(e.g. 706 XomeDxSlice - Slice ID: CS-Albinism).

Suggested Slice IDSuggested Gene List Name
CS-AlbinismAlbinism
CS-AAAplastic Anemia
CS-AutoImmuneAutoimmune Disorders
CS-BBSBardet-Biedl Syndrome
CS-BMFBone Marrow Failure Syndromes
CS-CVIDCommon Variable Immune Deficiency
CS-CKUTCongenital Kidney and Urinary Tract (CKUT) Anomalies
CS-DSDDisorders of Sex Development
CS-EDEctodermal Dysplasia
CS-FAFanconi Anemia
CS-AnemiaHemolytic Anemia
CS-HeterotaxyHeterotaxy
CS-IBDInflammatory Bowel Disease
CS-MaleInfMale Infertility
CS-WWSMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg)
CS-NephroticNephrotic Syndrome
CS-ObesityObesity
CS-PPKCIPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
CS-Primary ImmunodefPrimary Immunodeficiency
CS-RhabdoRhabdomyolysis
CS-SRTDShort-Rib Thoracic Dysplasia
CS-VACTERLVACTERL Association
CS-WSWaardenburg Syndrome