XomeDxSlice Tool

Now Available - NEW XomeDxSlice Xpanded – Custom slice testing with trio analysis for lists >150 genes.

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Phenotypes
Gowers sign

Select all: Gene symbolChrAvg % covered at 10xLocus TypeNoteOMIMPrevious symbol(s)Phenotype(s)Slice(s)
ACTA11q42.13100%gene with protein product102610ACTAAbnormality on pulmonary function testing; Achilles tendon contracture; Areflexia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autophagic vacuoles; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Bulbar palsy; Cardiac conduction abnormality; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Difficulty climbing stairs; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal muscle weakness; Dysphagia; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; EMG: neuropathic changes; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Frequent falls; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hamstring contractures; Hand muscle atrophy; Handgrip myotonia; Heterogeneous; High palate; Hip contracture; Hyperlordosis; Hyporeflexia; Increased connective tissue; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Late-onset distal muscle weakness; Limb muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; Long face; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Mask-like facies; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscle fiber splitting; Muscular hypotonia; Myofibrillar myopathy; Myopathic facies; Myopathy; Narrow face; Neck flexor weakness; Neck muscle weakness; Nemaline bodies; Neonatal hypotonia; Pectus excavatum; Pes cavus; Phenotypic variability; Pneumonia; Polyhydramnios; Poor head control; Progressive muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Recurrent respiratory infections; Reduced tendon reflexes; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Retrognathia; Rimmed vacuoles; Scoliosis; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slender build; Slow progression; Spinal rigidity; Torticollis; Type 1 fibers relatively smaller than type 2 fibers; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait; Weak cry; Wrist dropRhabdomyolysis
ALG29q22.33100%gene with protein product607905Abnormality of coagulation; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cataract; Cognitive impairment; Coloboma; Fatigable weakness; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hepatomegaly; Hyperreflexia; Hypsarrhythmia; Intellectual disability; Iris coloboma; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Nystagmus; Seizures; Slow progression; Visual impairment; Waddling gait
ASAH18p2299.9%gene with protein product613468ASAHAreflexia; Arthralgia; Arthritis; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cherry red spot of the macula; Decreased muscle mass; Degeneration of anterior horn cells; Dementia; Difficulty walking; EEG abnormality; EMG abnormality; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Frequent falls; Gait disturbance; Generalized myoclonic seizures; Gowers sign; Hepatomegaly; Hoarse cry; Intellectual disability; Irritability; Joint stiffness; Joint swelling; Juvenile onset; Kyphosis; Laryngomalacia; Lipogranulomatosis; Motor delay; Myoclonus; Neurological speech impairment; Nystagmus; Oral-pharyngeal dysphagia; Osteoporosis; Periarticular subcutaneous nodules; Progressive; Progressive distal muscular atrophy; Recurrent respiratory infections; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scoliosis; Short stature; Spinal muscular atrophy; Splenomegaly; Tongue fasciculations; Tremor; Variable expressivity
BICD29q22.31100%gene with protein product609797Achilles tendon contracture; Areflexia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Difficulty running; Gowers sign; Hyporeflexia; Motor delay; Spinal muscular atrophy; Talipes equinovarus; Toe walking; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait
BIN12q14.3100%gene with protein product601248AMPHLAreflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Distal muscle weakness; Dysarthria; Dysphonia; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Facial palsy; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Generalized amyotrophy; Gowers sign; Hyperlordosis; Kyphosis; Motor delay; Neonatal hypotonia; Onset; Ophthalmoplegia; Ptosis; Scoliosis; Waddling gait
CAV33p25.3100%gene with protein product601253Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis; Adult onset; Arrhythmia; Asymmetric septal hypertrophy; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Childhood onset; Congestive heart failure; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; Exercise-induced muscle cramps; Exercise-induced muscle stiffness; Exercise-induced myalgia; Gowers sign; Heterogeneous; Muscle cramps; Muscle hyperirritability; Muscle mounding; Muscular dystrophy; Myalgia; Percussion-induced rapid rolling muscle contractions; Pes cavus; Prolonged QT interval; Skeletal muscle hypertrophy; Subvalvular aortic stenosis; Sudden death; Ventricular arrhythmia
CFL214q13.199.88%gene with protein product601443Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Delayed gross motor development; Gait disturbance; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; High palate; Joint hypermobility; Minicore myopathy; Muscle weakness; Muscular hypotonia; Neck muscle weakness; Nemaline bodies; Slow progression
CHKB22q13.33100%gene with protein product612395CHKLAutosomal recessive inheritance; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital onset; Delayed speech and language development; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Facial palsy; Gowers sign; Ichthyosis; Intellectual disability; Microcephaly; Mitochondrial inheritance; Motor delay; Myopathy; Neonatal hypotonia; Poor speech; Seizures; Slow progression; Waddling gait
CHRNA12q31.1100%gene with protein product100690CHRNAAbnormal cervical curvature; Abnormal facial shape; Akinesia; Amyoplasia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bulbar palsy; Cleft palate; Cystic hygroma; Decreased miniature endplate potentials; Decreased size of nerve terminals; Depressed nasal ridge; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; Edema; Epicanthus; Facial palsy; Fatigable weakness; Feeding difficulties; Fetal akinesia sequence; Flexion contracture; Generalized muscle weakness; Gowers sign; High palate; Hypertelorism; Hypoplastic heart; Increased susceptibility to fractures; Infantile onset; Intermittent episodes of respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Intrauterine growth retardation; Joint dislocation; Low-set ears; Macrotia; Malignant hyperthermia; Micrognathia; Motor delay; Multiple pterygia; Neck muscle weakness; Neonatal hypotonia; Onset; Ophthalmoparesis; Ophthalmoplegia; Polyhydramnios; Poor suck; Prolonged miniature endplate currents; Ptosis; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scoliosis; Short finger; Thin ribs; Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy; Variable expressivity; Vertebral fusion; Weak cry
CHRNE17p13.2100%gene with protein product100725Abnormality of the immune system; Apneic episodes precipitated by illness, fatigue, stress; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bulbar palsy; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased miniature endplate potentials; Decreased muscle mass; Decreased size of nerve terminals; Dental malocclusion; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; EMG: decremental response of compound muscle action potential to repetitive nerve stimulation; Facial palsy; Fatigable weakness; Feeding difficulties; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized hypotonia due to defect at the neuromuscular junction; Gowers sign; High palate; Infantile onset; Limb muscle weakness; Long face; Mandibular prognathia; Motor delay; Muscle cramps; Muscular hypotonia; Neck muscle weakness; Neonatal hypotonia; Nonprogressive; Ophthalmoparesis; Ophthalmoplegia; Poor suck; Ptosis; Respiratory distress; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Strabismus; Sudden episodic apnea; Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy; Variable expressivity; Weak cry
DAG13p21.31100%gene with protein product128239Abnormal aldolase level; Abnormal lactate dehydrogenase activity; Abnormal levels of creatine kinase in blood; Absent septum pellucidum; Absent speech; Agenesis of corpus callosum; Ankle contracture; Anophthalmia; Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the skeletal musculature; Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Buphthalmos; Cataract; Cerebellar cyst; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia; Cerebral calcification; Chorioretinal dysplasia; Corneal opacity; Cryptorchidism; Dandy-Walker malformation; Delayed speech and language development; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Generalized hypotonia; Glaucoma; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hydrocephalus; Hypoplasia of penis; Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum; Hyporeflexia; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Leukodystrophy; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Lissencephaly; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Macrocephaly; Macrogyria; Metatarsus valgus; Microphthalmia; Muscle weakness; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopia; Optic atrophy; Pachygyria; Polymicrogyria; Poor head control; Respiratory failure; Retinal detachment; Retinal dysplasia; Retinal dystrophy; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Specific learning disability; Variable expressivity; VentriculomegalyMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg); Rhabdomyolysis
DMDXp21.2-p21.199.94%gene with protein product300377MRX85Abnormal urinary color; Adult onset; Arrhythmia; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Calf muscle pseudohypertrophy; Cardiomyopathy; Childhood onset; Cognitive impairment; Congestive heart failure; Delayed speech and language development; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Exercise intolerance; Falls; Fatigue; Flexion contracture; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hyperlordosis; Hyporeflexia; Hypoventilation; Intellectual disability; Intellectual disability, mild; Motor delay; Muscle cramps; Muscle weakness; Muscular dystrophy; Myalgia; Myoglobinuria; Progressive muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness; Respiratory failure; Respiratory insufficiency; Scoliosis; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Specific learning disability; Waddling gait; X-linked inheritance; X-linked recessive inheritanceObesity; Rhabdomyolysis
DNA210q21.3100%gene with protein product601810DNA2LAutosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Convex nasal ridge; Ectopic kidney; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Exercise intolerance; Exertional dyspnea; Facial palsy; Gait disturbance; Generalized amyotrophy; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Intellectual disability; Kyphoscoliosis; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Microcephaly; Micrognathia; Muscle cramps; Myalgia; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Ptosis; Short stature; Slender build; Slow progression; Spinal cord compressionRhabdomyolysis
DNAJB67q36.3100%gene with protein product611332LGMD1DAdult onset; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Difficulty climbing stairs; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Generalized muscle weakness; Gowers sign; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Muscle fiber splitting; Muscular dystrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Rimmed vacuoles; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Slow progression; Waddling gaitRhabdomyolysis
DOK74p16.399.82%gene with protein product610285C4orf25Abnormality of abdomen morphology; Abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology; Abnormality of the immune system; Absent palmar crease; Absent septum pellucidum; Akinesia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Blepharophimosis; Bulbar palsy; Camptodactyly of finger; Cavum septum pellucidum; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Cleft palate; Cryptorchidism; Cystic hygroma; Depressed nasal bridge; Depressed nasal tip; Distal amyotrophy; Easy fatigability; Elbow ankylosis; Excessive daytime somnolence; Facial palsy; Fatigable weakness; Fetal akinesia sequence; Generalized amyotrophy; Gowers sign; High, narrow palate; Hydrocephalus; Hypertelorism; Hypokinesia; Intrauterine growth retardation; Juvenile onset; Long philtrum; Micrognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Multiple joint contractures; Muscle cramps; Narrow mouth; Polyhydramnios; Posteriorly rotated ears; Premature birth; Proptosis; Proximal amyotrophy; Ptosis; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Rocker bottom foot; Scoliosis; Short neck; Short palpebral fissure; Short umbilical cord; Slender long bone; Small for gestational age; Small placenta; Talipes equinovarus; Telecanthus; Thin ribs; Thoracic hypoplasia; Ulnar deviation of the hand; Waddling gait
FKTN9q31.299.98%gene with protein productJapanese founder variant in the 3' UTR of FKTN would not be detected by this test607440FCMDAbnormal aldolase level; Abnormal lactate dehydrogenase activity; Abnormal levels of creatine kinase in blood; Abnormality of the voice; Absent septum pellucidum; Agenesis of corpus callosum; Anal atresia; Anophthalmia; Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the skeletal musculature; Areflexia; Atresia of the external auditory canal; Atrial septal defect; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Blindness; Brachycephaly; Buphthalmos; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Camptodactyly of finger; Cataract; Cerebellar cyst; Cerebellar dysplasia; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Chorioretinal dysplasia; Cleft palate; Cleft upper lip; Cognitive impairment; Coloboma; Congenital contracture; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Corneal opacity; Cryptorchidism; Dandy-Walker malformation; Delayed speech and language development; Dilated cardiomyopathy; EEG abnormality; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; Encephalocele; Excessive daytime sleepiness; Flexion contracture; Gait disturbance; Generalized hypotonia; Glaucoma; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Heterogeneous; Hydrocephalus; Hyperlordosis; Hypermetropia; Hypertonia; Hypoglycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan; Hypoplasia of penis; Hypoplasia of the brainstem; Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum; Hypoplasia of the pyramidal tract; Hypoplastic male external genitalia; Hyporeflexia; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Intellectual disability, profound; Intellectual disability, severe; Lissencephaly; Macrocephaly; Macrogyria; Mask-like facies; Megalocornea; Meningoencephalocele; Metatarsus valgus; Microcephaly; Microphthalmia; Microtia; Motor delay; Muscle weakness; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myocardial fibrosis; Myopathy; Myopia; Neurological speech impairment; Occipital encephalocele; Optic atrophy; Optic nerve hypoplasia; Pachygyria; Pectus excavatum; Peters anomaly; Phenotypic variability; Plagiocephaly; Polymicrogyria; Posterior fossa cyst; Progressive; Proximal muscle weakness; Pulmonic stenosis; Renal dysplasia; Respiratory insufficiency; Retinal atrophy; Retinal detachment; Retinal dysplasia; Retinal dystrophy; Scoliosis; Seizures; Severe muscular hypotonia; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Skeletal muscle hypertrophy; Specific learning disability; Spinal rigidity; Strabismus; Thick cerebral cortex; Transposition of the great arteries; Type II lissencephaly; Variable expressivity; Ventriculomegaly; Visual impairment; Weak cryMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg)
GFPT12p13.399.97%gene with protein product138292GFPTAbnormality of the immune system; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased muscle mass; Decreased size of nerve terminals; Dental malocclusion; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; EMG: decremental response of compound muscle action potential to repetitive nerve stimulation; Facial palsy; Fatigable weakness; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; High palate; Infantile onset; Juvenile onset; Long face; Mandibular prognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle cramps; Muscular hypotonia; Neck muscle weakness; Nonprogressive; Ophthalmoparesis; Proximal amyotrophy; Ptosis; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Strabismus; Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait; Weak cry
GFPT12p13.399.97%gene with protein product138292GFPTAbnormality of the immune system; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased muscle mass; Decreased size of nerve terminals; Dental malocclusion; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; EMG: decremental response of compound muscle action potential to repetitive nerve stimulation; Facial palsy; Fatigable weakness; Feeding difficulties; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; High palate; Infantile onset; Juvenile onset; Long face; Mandibular prognathia; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Motor delay; Muscle cramps; Muscular hypotonia; Neck muscle weakness; Nonprogressive; Ophthalmoparesis; Proximal amyotrophy; Ptosis; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Strabismus; Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy; Variable expressivity; Waddling gait; Weak cry
INPP5K17p13.399.99%gene with protein product607875Abnormal aldolase level; Abnormal lactate dehydrogenase activity; Abnormal levels of creatine kinase in blood; Abnormality of finger; Abnormality of the cerebellar vermis; Abnormality of the metacarpal bones; Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the skeletal musculature; Ataxia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Avascular necrosis of the capital femoral epiphysis; Brachydactyly; Cataract; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Coxa valga; Dysarthria; Dyskinesia; Dysphonia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; External genital hypoplasia; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hip dislocation; Hip dysplasia; Hyperlordosis; Hypogonadism; Increased adipose tissue; Intellectual disability; Metatarsus valgus; Motor delay; Muscle flaccidity; Muscle stiffness; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathy; Nystagmus; Pectus carinatum; Progressive; Rigidity; Scoliosis; Severe short stature; Short palm; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Spasticity; Specific learning disability; Spinal rigidity; Strabismus; Toe walking
MUSK9q31.3100%gene with protein product601296Abnormality of abdomen morphology; Abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology; Absent palmar crease; Absent septum pellucidum; Akinesia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Blepharophimosis; Camptodactyly of finger; Cavum septum pellucidum; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Cleft palate; Cryptorchidism; Cystic hygroma; Depressed nasal bridge; Depressed nasal tip; Easy fatigability; Elbow ankylosis; Excessive daytime somnolence; Facial palsy; Fetal akinesia sequence; Generalized amyotrophy; Gowers sign; High, narrow palate; Hydrocephalus; Hypertelorism; Hypokinesia; Infantile onset; Intrauterine growth retardation; Long philtrum; Micrognathia; Multiple joint contractures; Muscular hypotonia; Narrow mouth; Neck muscle weakness; Neonatal hypotonia; Ophthalmoplegia; Polyhydramnios; Posteriorly rotated ears; Premature birth; Proptosis; Ptosis; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Respiratory insufficiency; Rocker bottom foot; Scoliosis; Short neck; Short palpebral fissure; Short umbilical cord; Slender long bone; Small for gestational age; Small placenta; Talipes equinovarus; Telecanthus; Thin ribs; Thoracic hypoplasia; Ulnar deviation of the hand
MYPN10q21.399.99%gene with protein product608517Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Facial palsy; Gowers sign; High palate; Slow progression
ORAI112q24.3199.36%gene with protein product610277TMEM142AAbnormal thrombocyte morphology; Abnormality of coagulation; Abnormality of the musculature; Anemia; Areflexia of lower limbs; Asplenia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Deeply set eye; Difficulty walking; Ectodermal dysplasia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Episodic fever; Failure to thrive; Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Generalized muscle weakness; Gowers sign; Heat intolerance; High forehead; Hypocalcemia; Ichthyosis; Immunodeficiency; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Miosis; Muscle cramps; Muscle fiber tubular inclusions; Muscular hypotonia; Myalgia; Myopathy; Neurological speech impairment; Proximal muscle weakness; Purpura; Recurrent aphthous stomatitis; Recurrent infections; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Short stature; Slow progression; Spinal rigidityAutoimmune Disorders ; Ectodermal Dysplasia
PLEC8q24.3100%gene with protein product601282EBS1, PLEC1Abnormal blistering of the skin; Abnormality of dental enamel; Abnormality of the genitourinary system; Abnormality of the stomach; Alopecia; Anemia; Anonychia; Aphasia; Aplasia cutis congenita; Aplasia of the bladder; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Atrophic scars; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axillary pterygia; Bruising susceptibility; Carious teeth; Congenital onset; Congenital pyloric atresia; Death in infancy; Deeply set eye; Dehydration; Dermal atrophy; Difficulty climbing stairs; Dysphagia; Dysphasia; Echolalia; Ectropion; Elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Esophageal atresia; Failure to thrive; Flexion contracture; Fragile skin; Generalized muscle weakness; Glomerulosclerosis; Gowers sign; Hydronephrosis; Hyperconvex fingernails; Hypoplasia of dental enamel; Hypoplastic fingernail; Increased connective tissue; Intractable diarrhea; Junctional split; Keratitis; Limitation of joint mobility; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Microtia; Milia; Motor delay; Muscle flaccidity; Muscular dystrophy; Mutism; Myopathy; Nail dysplasia; Nail dystrophy; Neonatal respiratory distress; Oculomotor nerve palsy; Onychogryposis of toenails; Ophthalmoplegia; Oral mucosal blisters; Palmoplantar hyperkeratosis; Papule; Plantar hyperkeratosis; Polyhydramnios; Premature birth; Ptosis; Punctate keratitis; Rapidly progressive; Renal dysplasia; Scarring alopecia of scalp; Sepsis; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Skin erosion; Skin fragility with non-scarring blistering; Skin vesicle; Thick nail; Underdeveloped nasal alae; Ureterocele; Urethral stricture
PNPLA211p15.5100%gene with protein product609059Adult onset; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Difficulty running; Difficulty walking; Easy fatigability; Elevated hepatic transaminases; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Exercise intolerance; Fasciculations; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatomegaly; Increased muscle lipid content; Myalgia; Myopathy; Proximal muscle weakness; Slow progression; Variable expressivityPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis; Rhabdomyolysis
PNPLA87q31.199.98%gene with protein product612123Autosomal recessive inheritance; Dysarthria; Dysmetria; Dystonia; Episodic vomiting; Focal seizures with impairment of consciousness or awareness; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; Hemiparesis; Hyperalaninemia; Increased serum lactate; Increased serum pyruvate; Infantile onset; Lactic acidosis; Mitochondrial myopathy; Moderate sensorineural hearing impairment; Postnatal growth retardation; Progressive; Spasticity; Toe walking
POMGNT11p34.198.2%gene with protein product606822MEBAbnormal aldolase level; Abnormal electroretinogram; Abnormal lactate dehydrogenase activity; Abnormal levels of creatine kinase in blood; Abnormality of retinal pigmentation; Abnormality of the retinal vasculature; Abnormality of the testis; Abnormality of the voice; Absent septum pellucidum; Agenesis of corpus callosum; Anophthalmia; Anteverted nares; Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the skeletal musculature; Areflexia; Atypical scarring of skin; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Blindness; Buphthalmos; Cataract; Cerebellar cyst; Cerebellar dysplasia; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Chorioretinal dysplasia; Cognitive impairment; Coloboma; Conductive hearing impairment; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital myopia; Congenital onset; Corneal opacity; Cryptorchidism; Dandy-Walker malformation; Decreased light- and dark-adapted electroretinogram amplitude; Difficulty climbing stairs; EEG abnormality; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; Enlarged flash visual evoked potentials; Everted lower lip vermilion; Fatigue; Gait disturbance; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Glaucoma; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Heterogeneous; Hydrocephalus; Hyperinsulinemia; Hyperlordosis; Hypertonia; Hypogonadism; Hypoplasia of penis; Hypoplasia of the brainstem; Hypoplasia of the pons; Hypoplasia of the retina; Hyporeflexia; Intellectual disability; Intellectual disability, profound; Intellectual disability, severe; Keratoconus; Lissencephaly; Macrocephaly; Macrogyria; Malar flattening; Megalocornea; Metatarsus valgus; Microcephaly; Micrognathia; Microphthalmia; Midface retrusion; Motor delay; Muscle weakness; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myoclonus; Myopathy; Myopia; Neurological speech impairment; Nyctalopia; Nystagmus; Obesity; Opacification of the corneal stroma; Ophthalmoplegia; Optic atrophy; Pachygyria; Pallor; Phenotypic variability; Photophobia; Polymicrogyria; Progressive; Progressive night blindness; Reduced visual acuity; Retinal atrophy; Retinal detachment; Retinal dysplasia; Retinal dystrophy; Seizures; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Severe global developmental delay; Severe muscular hypotonia; Short nasal bridge; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Skeletal muscle hypertrophy; Spasticity; Specific learning disability; Strabismus; Type II lissencephaly; Uncontrolled eye movements; Undetectable electroretinogram; Ventriculomegaly; Visual impairment; Wide nasal bridgeMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg); Rhabdomyolysis
POMK8p11.21100%gene with protein product615247Abnormal aldolase level; Abnormal lactate dehydrogenase activity; Abnormal levels of creatine kinase in blood; Abnormally large globe; Absent septum pellucidum; Agenesis of corpus callosum; Anophthalmia; Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the skeletal musculature; Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cataract; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Chorioretinal dysplasia; Cognitive impairment; Coloboma; Congenital onset; Corneal opacity; Cryptorchidism; Dandy-Walker malformation; Difficulty climbing stairs; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Feeding difficulties; Flexion contracture; Glaucoma; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hydrocephalus; Hypoplasia of penis; Hyporeflexia; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability; Lissencephaly; Macrocephaly; Macrogyria; Metatarsus valgus; Microcephaly; Microphthalmia; Motor delay; Muscle weakness; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Neonatal hypotonia; Optic atrophy; Pachygyria; Polymicrogyria; Poor head control; Poor speech; Progressive microcephaly; Reduced visual acuity; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Retinal degeneration; Retinal detachment; Retinal dysplasia; Retinal dystrophy; Scoliosis; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Specific learning disability; Visual impairmentMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg)
PYROXD112p12.199.6%gene with protein product617220Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty running; Dysphagia; Easy fatigability; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Facial palsy; Frequent falls; Generalized amyotrophy; Gowers sign; High palate; Hyporeflexia; Micrognathia; Nasal speech; Neck muscle weakness; Nemaline bodies; Pes cavus; Pes planus; Respiratory tract infection; Scapular winging; Slow progression; Tall stature
RAPSN11p11.2100%gene with protein product601592Abnormality of abdomen morphology; Abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology; Absent palmar crease; Absent septum pellucidum; Akinesia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Blepharophimosis; Camptodactyly of finger; Cavum septum pellucidum; Cerebellar hypoplasia; Cleft palate; Congenital onset; Cryptorchidism; Cystic hygroma; Decreased fetal movement; Depressed nasal bridge; Depressed nasal tip; Easy fatigability; Elbow ankylosis; Excessive daytime somnolence; Feeding difficulties; Fetal akinesia sequence; Generalized amyotrophy; Gowers sign; High palate; High, narrow palate; Hydrocephalus; Hypertelorism; Hypokinesia; Intrauterine growth retardation; Long face; Long philtrum; Micrognathia; Multiple joint contractures; Muscular hypotonia; Narrow mouth; Neonatal hypotonia; Polyhydramnios; Posteriorly rotated ears; Premature birth; Proptosis; Ptosis; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Respiratory insufficiency; Rocker bottom foot; Scoliosis; Short neck; Short palpebral fissure; Short umbilical cord; Slender long bone; Small for gestational age; Small placenta; Talipes equinovarus; Telecanthus; Thin ribs; Thoracic hypoplasia; Ulnar deviation of the hand
SGCD5q33.2-q33.3100%gene with protein product601411Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Gowers sign; Muscular dystrophy; Proximal amyotrophy; Proximal muscle weakness; Reduced systolic function; Scapular winging; Ventricular hypertrophyRhabdomyolysis
SGCG13q12.12100%gene with protein product608896DMDA1, MAM, LGMD2CAutosomal recessive inheritance; Calf muscle pseudohypertrophy; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Flexion contracture; Gowers sign; Hyperlordosis; Muscle fiber necrosis; Muscular dystrophy; Pneumonia; Rapidly progressive; Restrictive ventilatory defect; Right ventricular dilatation; Right ventricular hypertrophy; Scoliosis; Skeletal muscle atrophyRhabdomyolysis
TK216q21100%gene with protein product188250Abnormality of the basal ganglia; Aminoaciduria; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cerebral atrophy; Decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain; Delayed gross motor development; Depletion of mitochondrial DNA in muscle tissue; Dysarthria; Dysphagia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Facial diplegia; Facial palsy; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hypotonia; Gowers sign; Hearing impairment; Increased serum lactate; Infantile onset; Intellectual disability, progressive; Irritability; Lactic acidosis; Limb muscle weakness; Loss of ability to walk in early childhood; Mitochondrial myopathy; Progressive; Progressive external ophthalmoplegia; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Ragged-red muscle fibers; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Scapular winging; Seizures; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Variable expressivityRhabdomyolysis
TPM29p13.3100%gene with protein product190990AMCD1Abnormality of the ear; Abnormality of the hip bone; Absent phalangeal crease; Adducted thumb; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the radius; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bilateral single transverse palmar creases; Bulbar palsy; Calcaneovalgus deformity; Camptodactyly; Camptodactyly of finger; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Childhood onset; Congenital onset; Decreased fetal movement; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal arthrogryposis; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Dysphagia; Elbow flexion contracture; Facial diplegia; Facial palsy; Failure to thrive; Feeding difficulties; Feeding difficulties in infancy; Flexion contracture; Generalized hypotonia; Generalized muscle weakness; Gowers sign; Heterogeneous; High palate; Hyporeflexia; Joint stiffness; Kyphoscoliosis; Limb muscle weakness; Long face; Long philtrum; Lumbar hyperlordosis; Mandibular prognathia; Metatarsus adductus; Micrognathia; Motor delay; Muscular hypotonia; Myopathic facies; Myopathy; Narrow face; Narrow mouth; Neck muscle weakness; Nemaline bodies; Neonatal hypotonia; Overlapping fingers; Pectus excavatum; Prominent nasolabial fold; Protruding ear; Proximal muscle weakness; Ptosis; Recurrent respiratory infections; Reduced tendon reflexes; Reduced vital capacity; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Rocker bottom foot; Round ear; Scapular winging; Scoliosis; Short neck; Short stature; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Talipes; Talipes equinovarus; Tarsal synostosis; Triangular face; Type 1 fibers relatively smaller than type 2 fibers; Type 1 muscle fiber predominance; Ulnar deviation of finger; Ulnar deviation of the hand or of fingers of the hand; Ulnar deviation of the wrist; Variable expressivity; Vertebral segmentation defect; Waddling gait; Weak cry; Webbed neck; Wide nasal bridgeRhabdomyolysis
TRAPPC114q35.1100%gene with protein product614138C4orf41Achalasia; Adrenal insufficiency; Ataxia; Athetosis; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cataract; Chorea; Difficulty walking; Dystonia; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Generalized hyperpigmentation; Generalized hypotonia; Global developmental delay; Gowers sign; Hip dysplasia; Hyperlordosis; Inability to walk; Intellectual disability; Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; Microcephaly; Muscle cramps; Myalgia; Myopia; Palmoplantar keratoderma; Phenotypic variability; Poor speech; Scoliosis; Seizures; Short stature; Strabismus; Tremor; Visual impairment; Waddling gait
TRIM329q33.1100%gene with protein product602290LGMD2HAbnormal electroretinogram; Abnormality of the kidney; Areflexia; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Calf muscle pseudohypertrophy; Centrally nucleated skeletal muscle fibers; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Exercise-induced myalgia; Facial palsy; Gowers sign; Hypertension; Hypogonadism; Hypoplasia of penis; Hypoplasia of the ovary; Hyporeflexia; Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter; Intellectual disability; Mask-like facies; Multicystic kidney dysplasia; Muscular dystrophy; Myopathy; Neck flexor weakness; Nystagmus; Obesity; Pelvic girdle muscle atrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Phenotypic variability; Pigmentary retinopathy; Polydactyly; Postaxial hand polydactyly; Proximal muscle weakness in lower limbs; Quadriceps muscle weakness; Retinopathy; Short stature; Shoulder girdle muscle atrophy; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Slow progression; Tall stature; Waddling gaitBardet-Biedl Syndrome ; Disorders of Sex Development; Heterotaxy ; Obesity; Rhabdomyolysis
TRPV412q24.11100%gene with protein product605427Abducens palsy; Abnormal cortical bone morphology; Abnormal enchondral ossification; Abnormal form of the vertebral bodies; Abnormal metaphyseal vascular invasion; Abnormality of the eye; Abnormality of the face; Abnormality of the foot; Abnormality of the intervertebral disk; Abnormality of the metaphysis; Abnormality of the rib cage; Abnormality of the ribs; Absent primary metaphyseal spongiosa; Amyoplasia; Anisospondyly; Areflexia; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Arthropathy; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Barrel-shaped chest; Brachydactyly; Brachytelomesophalangy; Broad-based gait; Cachexia; Carpal bone hypoplasia; Caudal appendage; Childhood-onset short-trunk short stature; Clinodactyly; Coxa vara; Decreased distal sensory nerve action potential; Decreased fetal movement; Delayed skeletal maturation; Depressed nasal bridge; Diaphragmatic weakness; Disproportionate short-trunk short stature; Distal amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Down-sloping shoulders; Dumbbell-shaped metaphyses; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Enlarged joints; Epiphyseal dysplasia; Facial palsy; Flared femoral metaphysis; Flared humeral metaphysis; Flared metaphysis; Flat acetabular roof; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Gait disturbance; Genu valgum; Gowers sign; Halberd-shaped pelvis; Hammertoe; Hand muscle atrophy; High forehead; Hip contracture; Hip dysplasia; Hyperlordosis; Hypermetropia; Hyperplasia of the femoral trochanters; Hypoplasia of the odontoid process; Hypoplastic cervical vertebrae; Hyporeflexia; Incomplete penetrance; Increased vertebral height; Intercostal muscle weakness; Irregular acetabular roof; Irregular, rachitic-like metaphyses; Joint stiffness; Juvenile onset; Knee flexion contracture; Kyphoscoliosis; Kyphosis; Limitation of joint mobility; Long coccyx; Long thorax; Metatarsus adductus; Micromelia; Motor delay; Motor polyneuropathy; Muscle fiber splitting; Muscular hypotonia; Narrow chest; Nonprogressive; Nonprogressive muscular atrophy; Obstructive sleep apnea; Oculomotor nerve palsy; Onset; Osteoarthritis of the small joints of the hand; Pectus carinatum; Peroneal muscle atrophy; Peroneal muscle weakness; Pes cavus; Pes planus; Platyspondyly; Progressive distal muscle weakness; Progressive distal muscular atrophy; Proximal femoral metaphyseal irregularity; Proximal lower limb amyotrophy; Radial deviation of finger; Relatively short spine; Respiratory failure; Rough bone trabeculation; Scapular muscle atrophy; Scapular winging; Scapuloperoneal amyotrophy; Scoliosis; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory neuropathy; Severe carpal ossification delay; Severe short stature; Short distal phalanx of finger; Short distal phalanx of toe; Short femoral neck; Short finger; Short middle phalanx of finger; Short middle phalanx of toe; Short neck; Short stature; Short thorax; Shortening of all distal phalanges of the toes; Shortening of all middle phalanges of the toes; Shoulder girdle muscle atrophy; Skeletal dysplasia; Small hand; Spinal cord compression; Spinal muscular atrophy; Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia; Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia; Stridor; Talipes equinovarus; Torticollis; Urinary incontinence; Urinary urgency; Variable expressivity; Vocal cord paresis; Waddling gait
VMA21Xq28100%gene with protein product300913MEAXDifficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty running; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; Gowers sign; Incomplete penetrance; Myopathy; Myotonia; Proximal muscle weakness in lower limbs; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Slow progression; X-linked recessive inheritance


The gene coverage data provided by GeneDx represent an estimate based on previous results, but the specific sequencing coverage data for the genes selected may vary from individual to individual, and cannot be predicted exactly. Changes to an approved gene list can only be made by contacting GeneDx directly at 888-729-1206 and asking to speak with a member of our Whole Exome Sequencing Laboratory.


  SUGGESTED CUSTOM SLICES  

Customize below OR enter Suggested Slice ID on printed requisition form
(e.g. 706 XomeDxSlice - Slice ID: CS-Albinism).

Suggested Slice IDSuggested Gene List Name
CS-AlbinismAlbinism
CS-AAAplastic Anemia
CS-AutoImmuneAutoimmune Disorders
CS-BBSBardet-Biedl Syndrome
CS-BMFBone Marrow Failure Syndromes
CS-CVIDCommon Variable Immune Deficiency
CS-CKUTCongenital Kidney and Urinary Tract (CKUT) Anomalies
CS-DSDDisorders of Sex Development
CS-EDEctodermal Dysplasia
CS-FAFanconi Anemia
CS-AnemiaHemolytic Anemia
CS-HeterotaxyHeterotaxy
CS-IBDInflammatory Bowel Disease
CS-MaleInfMale Infertility
CS-WWSMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg)
CS-NephroticNephrotic Syndrome
CS-ObesityObesity
CS-PPKCIPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
CS-Primary ImmunodefPrimary Immunodeficiency
CS-RhabdoRhabdomyolysis
CS-SRTDShort-Rib Thoracic Dysplasia
CS-VACTERLVACTERL Association
CS-WSWaardenburg Syndrome