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Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature

Select all: Gene symbolChrAvg % covered at 10xLocus TypeNoteOMIMPrevious symbol(s)Phenotype(s)Slice(s)
ABCC616p13.1193.19%gene with protein product603234ARA, PXEAbnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the mouth; Abnormality of the sternum; Accelerated atherosclerosis; Angina pectoris; Angioid streaks of the fundus; Arterial stenosis; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Blue sclerae; Bruising susceptibility; Calcification of falx cerebri; Cerebral hemorrhage; Civatte bodies; Congestive heart failure; Coronary artery calcification; Excessive wrinkled skin; Gastrointestinal hemorrhage; High palate; High, narrow palate; Hypermelanotic macule; Intermittent claudication; Kyphosis; Macular degeneration; Medial calcification of large arteries; Medial calcification of medium-sized arteries; Mitral stenosis; Mitral valve prolapse; Myopia; Premature occlusive vascular stenosis; Reduced visual acuity; Renal insufficiency; Restrictive cardiomyopathy; Retinal hemorrhage; Retinopathy; Scoliosis; Skin rash; Striae distensae; Stroke; Thickened nuchal skin fold; Visual impairment; Yellow papule
ACTA210q23.31100%gene with protein product102620Abnormality iris morphology; Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Aortic aneurysm; Aortic regurgitation; Aortic root aneurysm; Ascending aortic dissection; Ascending tubular aorta aneurysm; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Cardiomegaly; Chest pain; Coronary artery atherosclerosis; Cryptorchidism; Cutis marmorata; Cystic medial necrosis of the aorta; Descending aortic dissection; Dilatation of the cerebral artery; Exertional dyspnea; Hyperperistalsis; Hypertension; Intellectual disability; Intestinal malrotation; Left ventricular failure; Moyamoya phenomenon; Mydriasis; Paroxysmal dyspnea; Patent ductus arteriosus; Periventricular white matter hyperdensities; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Retinal infarction; Seizures; Tachypnea; Telangiectasia; Thoracic aortic aneurysm; Ventriculomegaly
AIRE21q22.399.93%gene with protein product607358APECEDAbnormality of calcium-phosphate metabolism; Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the fingernails; Adrenal hyperplasia; Alopecia; Anemia; Asplenia; Autoimmunity; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cataract; Cholelithiasis; Chronic active hepatitis; Chronic atrophic gastritis; Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis; Constriction of peripheral visual field; Decreased circulating aldosterone level; Diabetes mellitus; Diarrhea; Female hypogonadism; Hypoparathyroidism; Hypoplasia of dental enamel; Increased circulating cortisol level; Juvenile onset; Keratoconjunctivitis; Malabsorption; Opacification of the corneal stroma; Photophobia; Pigmentary retinopathy; Reduced visual acuity; Type I diabetes mellitus; Visual impairment; VitiligoAutoimmune Disorders ; Primary Immunodeficiency
ANTXR12p13.398%gene with protein product606410Abnormal form of the vertebral bodies; Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis; Abnormality of pelvic girdle bone morphology; Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the clavicle; Abnormality of the metaphysis; Abnormality of the palate; Alopecia; Anteverted nares; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Breast hypoplasia; Broad forehead; Delayed cranial suture closure; Delayed eruption of teeth; Delayed skeletal maturation; Depressed nasal bridge; Early balding; Everted lower lip vermilion; Frontal bossing; Glaucoma; Growth delay; High forehead; Hyperextensible skin; Hypertelorism; Hypoplastic nipples; Hypotrichosis; Joint hyperflexibility; Keratoconus; Long philtrum; Low-set ears; Mandibular prognathia; Micrognathia; Midface retrusion; Nystagmus; Optic atrophy; Palpebral edema; Prematurely aged appearance; Prominent scalp veins; Protruding ear; Short stature; Skin tags; Sparse and thin eyebrow; Sparse eyelashes; Thick lower lip vermilion; Thick nasal alae; Tubulointerstitial fibrosis; Umbilical hernia; Underdeveloped supraorbital ridges; Unerupted tooth; Visual impairment; Wide anterior fontanel
ENPP16q23.299.79%gene with protein product173335NPPS, M6S1, PDNP1Abnormal trabecular bone morphology; Abnormality of renal excretion; Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the sacroiliac joint; Angioid streaks of the fundus; Arterial stenosis; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Bone pain; Bruising susceptibility; Congestive heart failure; Coronary artery calcification; Coxa vara; Craniosynostosis; Delayed eruption of teeth; Distal femoral bowing; Elevated alkaline phosphatase of bone origin; Enlargement of the wrists; Enthesitis; Epidermal acanthosis; Excessive wrinkled skin; Generalized arterial calcification; Genu varum; Hypergranulosis; Hyperkeratosis; Hyperphosphaturia; Hypertension; Hypophosphatemic rickets; Increased bone mineral density; Low serum calcitriol; Lower limb asymmetry; Malabsorption; Myocardial infarction; Myopia; Osteomalacia; Polyarticular arthritis; Pseudo-fractures; Renal hypophosphatemia; Renal phosphate wasting; Retinal hemorrhage; Retinopathy; Rickets of the lower limbs; Sclerotic vertebral endplates; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Short stature; Skeletal dysplasia; Skin rash; Spinal canal stenosis; Striae distensae; Thickened nuchal skin fold; Tibial bowing; Tooth abscessPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
LMNA1q22100%gene with protein product150330LMN1, CMD1A, LGMD1B, PRO1, LMNL1Abnormal atrioventricular conduction; Abnormal cellular phenotype; Abnormal electrophysiology of sinoatrial node origin; Abnormal eyebrow morphology; Abnormal hair whorl; Abnormal trabecular bone morphology; Abnormality of circulating leptin level; Abnormality of retinal pigmentation; Abnormality of the Achilles tendon; Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the foot; Abnormality of the intrahepatic bile duct; Abnormality of the nail; Abnormality of the pinna; Abnormality of the pulmonary artery; Abnormality of the testis; Abnormality of the voice; Absence of pubertal development; Absence of subcutaneous fat; Absent eyebrow; Absent eyelashes; Acanthosis nigricans; Accelerated atherosclerosis; Achilles tendon contracture; Acroosteolysis of distal phalanges (feet); Acute pancreatitis; Adipose tissue loss; Adrenal hypoplasia; Advanced eruption of teeth; Alopecia; Alopecia universalis; Aminoaciduria; Angina pectoris; Aortic atherosclerosis; Aortic root aneurysm; Aortic valve calcification; Aortic valve stenosis; Aplasia of the middle phalanx of the hand; Aplasia of the phalanges of the 3rd toe; Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the nose; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the clavicles; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the earlobes; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the eyebrow; Aplasia/Hypoplastia of the eccrine sweat glands; Aplastic clavicles; Areflexia; Arrhythmia; Arteriosclerosis of small cerebral arteries; Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; Atherosclerosis; Atrial arrhythmia; Atrial fibrillation; Atrial flutter; Atrial septal defect; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Axial muscle weakness; Axonal degeneration/regeneration; Basal cell carcinoma; Bilateral coxa valga; Bird-like facies; Blepharophimosis; Brachydactyly; Bradycardia; Broad-based gait; Calcinosis; Calf muscle hypertrophy; Choanal atresia; Chondrocalcinosis; Clinodactyly; Congenital muscular dystrophy; Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle; Congestive heart failure; Convex nasal ridge; Coronary artery atherosclerosis; Craniofacial disproportion; Cyanosis; Decreased adiponectin level; Decreased calvarial ossification; Decreased cervical spine flexion due to contractures of posterior cervical muscles; Decreased circulating high-density lipoprotein levels; Decreased fertility; Decreased fetal movement; Decreased motor nerve conduction velocity; Decreased number of peripheral myelinated nerve fibers; Decreased serum estradiol; Decreased serum leptin; Decreased skull ossification; Decreased testosterone in males; Delayed cranial suture closure; Delayed eruption of teeth; Delayed puberty; Dental crowding; Dermal atrophy; Dermal translucency; Diabetes mellitus; Difficulty climbing stairs; Difficulty running; Difficulty walking; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Distal amyotrophy; Distal lower limb amyotrophy; Distal muscle weakness; Distal sensory impairment; Down-sloping shoulders; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Elbow flexion contracture; Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase; EMG abnormality; EMG: myopathic abnormalities; Emphysema; Enlarged peripheral nerve; Entropion; Epidermal hyperkeratosis; Failure to thrive; Fasting hyperinsulinemia; Fatiguable weakness of proximal limb muscles; Feeding difficulties; Flexion contracture; Foot dorsiflexor weakness; Fragile nails; Full cheeks; Gait disturbance; Generalized amyotrophy; Generalized hyperkeratosis; Generalized lipodystrophy; Generalized osteoporosis; Global developmental delay; Glucose intolerance; Glycosuria; Growth delay; Hepatic steatosis; Hepatomegaly; Heterogeneous; High palate; High pitched voice; Hirsutism; Hydropic placenta; Hypercholesterolemia; Hyperglycemia; Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism; Hyperinsulinemia; Hyperkeratosis; Hyperlipidemia; Hyperlordosis; Hypermetropia; Hyperphosphatemia; Hypertelorism; Hypertension; Hypertriglyceridemia; Hypodontia; Hypogonadism; Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism; Hypohidrosis; Hypoplasia of teeth; Hypoplastic facial bones; Hypoplastic nipples; Hyporeflexia; Hypospadias; Hypotrichosis; Increased adipose tissue around the neck; Increased anterioposterior diameter of thorax; Increased facial adipose tissue; Increased intraabdominal fat; Increased intramuscular fat; Infertility; Insulin resistance; Insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus; Intermittent claudication; Intervertebral disc degeneration; Intracranial hemorrhage; Intrauterine growth retardation; Joint stiffness; Juvenile onset; Keratoconjunctivitis sicca; Kyphoscoliosis; Kyphosis; Labial pseudohypertrophy; Lack of skin elasticity; Large fontanelles; Laryngomalacia; Limb muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscle atrophy; Limb-girdle muscle weakness; Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; Limitation of joint mobility; Lipoatrophy; Lipodystrophy; Loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue in limbs; Loss of truncal subcutaneous adipose tissue; Low-set ears; Macrotia; Malar flattening; Meningioma; Metaphyseal widening; Micrognathia; Midface retrusion; Mildly elevated creatine phosphokinase; Minimal subcutaneous fat; Mitral regurgitation; Mitral valve calcification; Motor delay; Mottled pigmentation; Multiple joint contractures; Muscle hypertrophy of the lower extremities; Muscular dystrophy; Muscular hypotonia; Myalgia; Myocardial infarction; Myopathy; Nail dysplasia; Narrow face; Narrow mouth; Narrow nasal ridge; Narrow nasal tip; Nasal speech; Natal tooth; Neck muscle weakness; Neoplasm of the breast; Neoplasm of the lung; Neoplasm of the oral cavity; Neoplasm of the skin; Neoplasm of the small intestine; Neoplasm of the thyroid gland; Onion bulb formation; Onset; Osteoarthritis; Osteolysis; Osteolytic defects of the distal phalanges of the hand; Osteolytic defects of the phalanges of the hand; Osteopenia; Osteoporosis; Osteosarcoma; Ovarian neoplasm; Overtubulated long bones; Ovoid vertebral bodies; Papillary renal cell carcinoma; Patchy hypo- and hyperpigmentation; Patent ductus arteriosus; Pelvic girdle amyotrophy; Pelvic girdle muscle weakness; Pericardial effusion; Peripheral arterial stenosis; Peripheral axonal atrophy; Peroneal muscle atrophy; Peroneal muscle weakness; Pes cavus; Pes planus; Pili torti; Polycystic ovaries; Polyhydramnios; Poor head control; Postnatal growth retardation; Precocious atherosclerosis; Precocious puberty; Premature arteriosclerosis; Premature birth; Premature coronary artery atherosclerosis; Premature delivery because of cervical insufficiency or membrane fragility; Premature graying of hair; Premature loss of teeth; Premature ovarian insufficiency; Premature rupture of membranes; Premature skin wrinkling; Progeroid facial appearance; Progressive; Progressive clavicular acroosteolysis; Prolonged prothrombin time; Prominent forehead; Prominent scalp veins; Prominent superficial blood vessels; Prominent superficial veins; Proptosis; Proximal muscle weakness; Proximal muscle weakness in upper limbs; Proximal upper limb muscle hypertrophy; Ptosis; Pulmonary carcinoid tumor; Pulmonary hypoplasia; Reduced subcutaneous adipose tissue; Renal neoplasm; Respiratory insufficiency; Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness; Restricted neck movement due to contractures; Reticulated skin pigmentation; Retinal degeneration; Retrognathia; Rocker bottom foot; Round face; Scaling skin; Scapular winging; Scleroderma; Sclerosis of hand bone; Secondary amenorrhea; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Severe muscular hypotonia; Short clavicles; Short distal phalanx of finger; Short nail; Short palm; Short palpebral fissure; Short stature; Short umbilical cord; Shoulder girdle muscle weakness; Skeletal muscle atrophy; Skeletal muscle hypertrophy; Skin erosion; Skin ulcer; Slow progression; Small placenta; Sparse and thin eyebrow; Sparse body hair; Sparse eyebrow; Sparse eyelashes; Sparse hair; Sparse or absent eyelashes; Sparse scalp hair; Spinal rigidity; Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin; Steppage gait; Stiff skin; Stillbirth; Structural foot deformity; Subcutaneous calcification; Submucous cleft hard palate; Sudden cardiac death; Supraventricular arrhythmia; Syncope; Syndactyly; Talipes; Tapering pointed ends of distal finger phalanges; Telangiectasia of the skin; Telecanthus; Temporomandibular joint ankylosis; Thin bony cortex; Thin clavicles; Thin nail; Thin ribs; Thin skin; Thin vermilion border; Thrombocytosis; Type II diabetes mellitus; Upper limb muscle weakness; Ureteral duplication; Variable expressivity; Ventricular arrhythmia; Ventricular hypertrophy; White forelock; Wide nasal bridge; Widely patent fontanelles and sutures; Wormian bones; X-linked inheritance; XanthomatosisHeterotaxy ; Obesity; Palmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis; Rhabdomyolysis
PIK3CA3q26.3299.76%gene with protein product171834Abdominal pain; Abnormality of cardiovascular system morphology; Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis; Abnormality of the cardiovascular system; Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the penis; Adenoma sebaceum; Adult onset; Alveolar cell carcinoma; Angioid streaks of the fundus; Anxiety; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the cerebellum; Arteriovenous malformation; Asymmetric growth; Ataxia; Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Breast carcinoma; Broad forehead; Capillary malformation; Cataract; Cavernous hemangioma; Cavum septum pellucidum; Cognitive impairment; Colon cancer; Colonic diverticula; Colorectal polyposis; Conjunctival hamartoma; Constipation; Cranial hyperostosis; Cutis marmorata; Death in early adulthood; Death in infancy; Depressed nasal bridge; Depressivity; Downslanted palpebral fissures; Dysgerminoma; Epicanthus; Facial asymmetry; Failure to thrive; Fatigue; Fibroadenoma of the breast; Finger syndactyly; Foot polydactyly; Frontal bossing; Full cheeks; Furrowed tongue; Gastrointestinal hemorrhage; Generalized hyperkeratosis; Generalized hypotonia; Glioblastoma multiforme; Global developmental delay; Goiter; Gynecomastia; Hamartomatous polyposis; Hand polydactyly; Hearing impairment; Hemihypertrophy; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma; Hernia; Heterogeneous; High forehead; High palate; Hydrocele testis; Hydrocephalus; Hypermelanotic macule; Hypertelorism; Hyperthyroidism; Hypertonia; Hypoplasia of the maxilla; Hypothyroidism; Increased intracranial pressure; Increased level of L-fucose in urine; Intellectual disability; Intention tremor; Irritability; Joint hyperflexibility; Joint laxity; Kyphosis; Large earlobe; Leukemia; Lipoma; Macrocephaly; Macrodactyly; Macroglossia; Macule; Malabsorption; Megalencephaly; Melanocytic nevus; Meningioma; Micrognathia; Micronodular cirrhosis; Microphthalmia; Migraine; Mucosal telangiectasiae; Muscular hypotonia; Myopia; Narrow mouth; Nausea and vomiting; Neoplasm of the rectum; Neoplasm of the stomach; Nephroblastoma; Nevus flammeus; Numerous nevi; Ovarian cyst; Ovarian papillary adenocarcinoma; Overgrowth; Palmoplantar hyperkeratosis; Palmoplantar keratoderma; Papilloma; Papule; Pectus excavatum; Polydactyly; Polymicrogyria; Progressive macrocephaly; Renal cell carcinoma; Sandal gap; Scoliosis; Seizures; Skin tags; Smooth philtrum; Somatic mutation; Splenomegaly; Sporadic; Stomach cancer; Subacute progressive viral hepatitis; Subcutaneous lipoma; Subcutaneous nodule; Syndactyly; Telangiectasia of the skin; Thyroid adenoma; Thyroiditis; Toe syndactyly; Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder; Uterine leiomyosarcoma; Varicocele; Venous malformation; Ventricular septal defect; Ventriculomegaly; Verrucae; Visceral angiomatosis; Weight loss; Wide mouth
RNF21317q25.3100%gene with protein product613768C17orf27, KIAA1618, MYMY2Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Intellectual disability; Seizures; Telangiectasia; Ventriculomegaly
VHL3p25.3100%gene with protein product608537Abnormality of the cerebral vasculature; Abnormality of the liver; Abnormality of the retinal vasculature; Adrenal pheochromocytoma; Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the cerebellum; Arteriovenous malformation; Ataxia; Autosomal dominant inheritance; Autosomal recessive inheritance; Cafe-au-lait spot; Capillary hemangiomas; Cerebellar hemangioblastoma; Cerebral hemorrhage; Chest pain; Congenital cataract; Congestive heart failure; Dysphonia; Elevated urinary dopamine; Elevated urinary epinephrine; Elevated urinary norepinephrine; Epididymal cyst; Episodic abdominal pain; Episodic hyperhidrosis; Episodic hypertension; Episodic paroxysmal anxiety; Extraadrenal pheochromocytoma; Fatigue; Flushing; Gait disturbance; Glomerulosclerosis; Headache; Hemangioma; Hemiplegia/hemiparesis; Hydrocephalus; Hypercalcemia; Hyperhidrosis; Hypertension; Hypertensive retinopathy; Hypotension; Increased hematocrit; Increased hemoglobin; Increased red blood cell mass; Migraine; Multicystic kidney dysplasia; Multiple renal cysts; Nausea; Nausea and vomiting; Neoplasm; Neoplasm of the pancreas; Neurological speech impairment; Nystagmus; Palpitations; Pancreatic cysts; Papillary cystadenoma of the epididymis; Paraganglioma; Paraganglioma of head and neck; Paroxysmal vertigo; Peripheral thrombosis; Phenotypic variability; Pheochromocytoma; Plethora; Polycystic kidney dysplasia; Polycythemia; Positive regitine blocking test; Proteinuria; Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis; Pulsatile tinnitus; Recurrent paroxysmal headache; Renal artery stenosis; Renal cell carcinoma; Retinal capillary hemangioma; Sensorineural hearing impairment; Sensory neuropathy; Sinus tachycardia; Spinal hemangioblastoma; Sporadic; Stroke; Tachycardia; Telangiectasia of the skin; Tinnitus; Varicose veins; Vertigo; Visceral angiomatosis; Visual impairment; Weight loss

The gene coverage data provided by GeneDx represent an estimate based on previous results, but the specific sequencing coverage data for the genes selected may vary from individual to individual, and cannot be predicted exactly. Changes to an approved gene list can only be made by contacting GeneDx directly at 888-729-1206 and asking to speak with a member of our Whole Exome Sequencing Laboratory.


Customize below OR enter Suggested Slice ID on printed requisition form
(e.g. 706 XomeDxSlice - Slice ID: CS-Albinism).

Suggested Slice IDSuggested Gene List Name
CS-AAAplastic Anemia
CS-AutoImmuneAutoimmune Disorders
CS-BBSBardet-Biedl Syndrome
CS-BMFBone Marrow Failure Syndromes
CS-CVIDCommon Variable Immune Deficiency
CS-CKUTCongenital Kidney and Urinary Tract (CKUT) Anomalies
CS-DSDDisorders of Sex Development
CS-EDEctodermal Dysplasia
CS-FAFanconi Anemia
CS-AnemiaHemolytic Anemia
CS-IBDInflammatory Bowel Disease
CS-MaleInfMale Infertility
CS-WWSMuscular dystropy-dystroglycanopathy (Walker-Warburg)
CS-NephroticNephrotic Syndrome
CS-PPKCIPalmoplantar keratoderma plus congenital ichthyosis
CS-Primary ImmunodefPrimary Immunodeficiency
CS-SRTDShort-Rib Thoracic Dysplasia
CS-WSWaardenburg Syndrome