Sideroblastic Anemia, X-linked

Forms and Documents

Test Details

ABCB7, ALAS2, GLRX5, PUS1, SLC19A2, SLC25A38, TRNT1, YARS2
  • Mitochondrial genome large deletion testing
  • Confirmation of a clinical diagnosis
  • To assist in determining the most appropriate therapy, as the response to specific therapeutic modalities depends on the diagnosis
  • Targeted testing for a known familial variant
  • Prenatal diagnosis for known familial variants in nuclear genes in at-risk pregnancies
  • Genetic counseling
  • Deletion/Duplication Analysis
  • Next-Gen Sequencing

Ordering

938
4 weeks
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube

Billing

81465x1, 81479x1
Yes
Yes
* For price inquiries please email zebras@genedx.com

References

  1. OMIM, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, (TM). McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD) and National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine (Bethesda, MD), http://www.ncbi.nlm.n
  2. Bergmann AK et al. Systematic molecular genetic analysis of congenital sideroblastic anemia: evidence for genetic heterogeneity and identification of novel mutations. Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2010 Feb 54(2):273-8. (PMID:19731322)
  3. Ohba R et al. Clinical and genetic characteristics of congenital sideroblastic anemia: comparison with myelodysplastic syndrome with ring sideroblast (MDS-RS). Annals Of Hematology. 2013 Jan 92(1):1-9. (PMID:22983749)
  4. Bekri S, D’Hooghe M, Vermeersch P. X-Linked Sideroblastic Anemia and Ataxia. 2006 Mar 1 [Updated 2014 Apr 3]. In: Pagon RA, Adam MP, Ardinger HH, et al., editors. GeneReviews® [Internet]. Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle; 1993-2015. Availab
  5. Aivado M et al. X-linked sideroblastic anemia associated with a novel ALAS2 mutation and unfortunate skewed X-chromosome inactivation patterns. Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases. 37(1):40-5. (PMID: 16735131)
  6. Guernsey DL et al. Mutations in mitochondrial carrier family gene SLC25A38 cause nonsyndromic autosomal recessive congenital sideroblastic anemia. Nature Genetics. 2009 Jun 41(6):651-3. (PMID: 19412178)
  7. Rouault TA and Tong WH. Iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis and human disease. Trends In Genetics : Tig. 2008 Aug 24(8):398-407. (PMID:18606475)
  8. Ye H et al. Glutaredoxin 5 deficiency causes sideroblastic anemia by specifically impairing heme biosynthesis and depleting cytosolic iron in human erythroblasts. The Journal Of Clinical Investigation. 2010 May 120(5):1749-61. (PMID:20364084)
  9. Bykhovskaya Y et al. Missense mutation in pseudouridine synthase 1 (PUS1) causes mitochondrial myopathy and sideroblastic anemia (MLASA). American Journal Of Human Genetics. 2004 Jun 74(6):1303-8. (PMID: 15108122)
  10. Bergmann AK et al. Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia: identification of novel compound heterozygotes and mutation update. The Journal Of Pediatrics. 2009 Dec 155(6):888-892. (PMID: 19643445)
  11. Chakraborty PK et al. Mutations in TRNT1 cause congenital sideroblastic anemia with immunodeficiency, fevers, and developmental delay (SIFD). Blood. 2014 Oct 30 124(18):2867-71. (PMID: 25193871)
  12. Wiseman DH et al. A novel syndrome of congenital sideroblastic anemia, B-cell immunodeficiency, periodic fevers, and developmental delay (SIFD). Blood. 2013 Jul 4 122(1):112-23. (PMID: 23553769)
  13. Riley LG et al. Mutation of the mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase gene, YARS2, causes myopathy, lactic acidosis, and sideroblastic anemia--MLASA syndrome. American Journal Of Human Genetics. 2010 87(1):52-9. (PMID: 20598274)
  14. Riley LG et al. Phenotypic variability and identification of novel YARS2 mutations in YARS2 mitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anaemia. Orphanet Journal Of Rare Diseases. 2013 8:193. (PMID: 24344687)
  15. DiMauro S, Hirano M. Mitochondrial DNA Deletion Syndromes. 2003 Dec 17 [Updated 2011 May 3]. In: Pagon RA, Adam MP, Ardinger HH, et al., editors. GeneReviews® [Internet]. Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle; 1993-2015. Available from: http://w
  16. Bekri S et al. Human ABC7 transporter: gene structure and mutation causing X-linked sideroblastic anemia with ataxia with disruption of cytosolic iron-sulfur protein maturation. Blood. 2000 96(9):3256-64. (PMID: 11050011)
  17. D\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'Hooghe M et al. X-linked sideroblastic anemia and ataxia: a new family with identification of a fourth ABCB7 gene mutation. Eu
  18. Maguire A et al. X-linked cerebellar ataxia and sideroblastic anaemia associated with a missense mutation in the ABC7 gene predicting V411L. British Journal Of Haematology. 2001 Dec 115(4):910-7. (PMID: 11843825)
  19. Bishop DF et al. X-linked sideroblastic anemia due to carboxyl-terminal ALAS2 mutations that cause loss of binding to the ?-subunit of succinyl-CoA synthetase (SUCLA2). The Journal Of Biological Chemistry. 2012 287(34):28943-55. (PMID:22740690)
  20. Campagna DR et al. X-linked sideroblastic anemia due to ALAS2 intron 1 enhancer element GATA-binding site mutations. American Journal Of Hematology. 2014 Mar 89(3):315-9. (PMID:24166784)
  21. Kaneko K et al. Identification of a novel erythroid-specific enhancer for the ALAS2 gene and its loss-of-function mutation which is associated with congenital sideroblastic anemia. Haematologica. 2014 Feb 99(2):252-61. (PMID:23935018)
  22. . Stenson et al. (2014) The Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD®) Human genetics 133(1):1-9 (PMID: 24077912)
  23. Kannengiesser C et al. Missense SLC25A38 variations play an important role in autosomal recessive inherited sideroblastic anemia. Haematologica. 2011 Jun 96(6):808-13. (PMID:21393332)
  24. . Fernandez-Vizarra E et al. Nonsense mutation in pseudouridylate synthase 1 (PUS1) in two brothers affected by myopathy, lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anaemia (MLASA). Journal Of Medical Genetics. 2007 Mar 44(3):173-80. (PMID: 17056637)
  25. Oishi K, Diaz GA. Thiamine-Responsive Megaloblastic Anemia Syndrome. 2003 Oct 24 [Updated 2014 Nov 20]. In: Pagon RA, Adam MP, Ardinger HH, et al., editors. GeneReviews® [Internet]. Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle; 1993-2015. Available fro
  26. Labay V et al. Mutations in SLC19A2 cause thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anaemia associated with diabetes mellitus and deafness. Nature Genetics. 1999 Jul 22(3):300-4. (PMID: 10391221)
  27. Scharfe C et al. A novel mutation in the thiamine responsive megaloblastic anaemia gene SLC19A2 in a patient with deficiency of respiratory chain complex I. Journal Of Medical Genetics. 2000 Sep 37(9):669-73. (PMID: 10978358)
  28. Shahni R et al. A distinct mitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anemia (MLASA) phenotype associates with YARS2 mutations. American Journal Of Medical Genetics. Part A. 2013 161(9):2334-8. (PMID:23918765)