Krabbe Disease

Krabbe disease is a neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorder with a classical infantile-onset and a late-onset form. About 85-90% of individuals with Krabbe disease have the infantile-onset form, and 10-15% have the late- onset form. Individuals with the infantile-onset form present with spasticity, hypertonia, developmental delay, and extreme irritability before the age of six months with a rapid progression and severe mental and motor regression. Eventually they progress into a decerebrate state with no voluntary movement and death, usually by 2 years of age. Late-onset patients can be asymptomatic until onset at 1 year to the fifth decade. Early signs may include vision loss, a decline in intellect, and loss of manual dexterity and weakness. The onset and course of the disease is variable, even between members of the same family.

Tests Available

Forms and Documents

Test Details

GALC
  • Confirmation of biochemical diagnosis
  • Carrier testing
  • Prenatal diagnosis in at risk pregnancies
  • Capillary Sequencing
  • Exon Array CGH

Ordering

507
4-5 weeks
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Oral Rinse (30-40 mL)|Buccal Swabs

Billing

81406x1, 81479x1
No
Yes
  • 330.0 Leukodystrophy
* For price inquiries please email zebras@genedx.com

References

  1. Wenger, D. (Updated [Aug. 5, 2008]) Krabbe Disease. In: GeneReviews at Genetests: Medical Genetics Information Resource (database online). Copyright, University of Washington, Seattle 1997-2010. Available at http://www.genetests.org.
  2. Lee et al., (2010) J Neurosci 30:5489-5497.
  3. Xu et al., (2006) J Hum Genet 51:548-554.
  4. Fu, et al., (1999) J Inher Metab Dis 22:155-162.
  5. Lissens et al., (2007) Hum Mutat 28:742.
  6. De Gasperi et al., (1996) Am J Hum Genet 59:1233-1242.

Forms and Documents

Test Details

AARS, AARS2, ABAT, ABCD1, ACADS, ACER3, ACOX1, ACY1, ADAR, ADGRG1, ADSL, AHDC1, AIMP1, ALDH3A2, ALDH6A1, AMN, AMPD2, ANK3, AP4B1, AP4S1, APOPT1, ARHGAP31, ARHGEF10, ARNT2, ARSA, ASNS, ASPA, ASXL1, AUH, BCAP31, BCS1L, BEST1, BMP4, BRAT1, CARS2, CCDC88A, CHMP2B, CLCN2, CLN6, CLP1, COL4A1, COL4A2, COX10, COX15, COX7B, CPLX1, CSF1R, CTBP1, CTC1, CTDP1, CYP27A1, CYP7B1, D2HGDH, DAG1, DARS, DARS2, DDHD2, DEAF1, DHFR, DHH, DLL4, DNM2, DOCK6, DPYS, DYRK1A, EARS2, EDNRB, EGR2, EIF2B1, EIF2B2, EIF2B3, EIF2B4, EIF2B5, ENTPD1, EPG5, ERCC2, ERCC6, ERCC8, FA2H, FAM126A, FBXL4, FGD4, FGFRL1, FIG4, FKRP, FOXC1, FOXG1, FOXRED1, GAA, GALC, GAN, GBE1, GCDH, GDAP1, GFAP, GFM1 (EFG1), GJA1, GJB1, GJC2, GLB1, GLUL, GLYCTK, GNAO1, GRM7, GRN, HEPACAM, HEXA, HSD17B4, HSPD1, HTRA1, IBA57, IDUA, IER3IP1, IFIH1, ISCA2, ITPA, KARS, KCNJ10, KCNT1, L2HGDH, LAMA1, LAMA2, LAMB1, LARGE1, LETM1, LIPT1, LITAF, LMNB1, LRPPRC, LYRM7, MAPT, MARS2, MAT1A, MCOLN1, MEF2C, MLC1, MOCS1, MOCS2, MPV17, MPZ, MRPS22, MTFMT, MTTP, MUT, NADK2, NDRG1, NDUFA1, NDUFA10, NDUFA11, NDUFA12, NDUFA2, NDUFA9, NDUFAF2, NDUFAF3 (C3ORF60), NDUFAF4 (C6ORF66), NDUFAF5, NDUFAF6, NDUFB3, NDUFB9, NDUFS1, NDUFS2, NDUFS3, NDUFS4, NDUFS6, NDUFS7, NDUFS8, NDUFV1, NDUFV2, NDUFV3, NEFL, NFU1, NGLY1, NOTCH1, NOTCH3, NRXN1, NSD2, NUBPL, OCRL, PAFAH1B1, PC, PCDH12, PDYN, PEX1, PEX10, PEX11B, PEX12, PEX13, PEX14, PEX16, PEX19, PEX2, PEX26, PEX3, PEX5, PEX6, PEX7, PGAP1, PHGDH, PHYH, PIGA, PLEKHG2, PLP1, PMP22, POLG, POLR1C, POLR3A, POLR3B, POMK, POMT1, PPP2R1A, PRKDC, PRPS1, PRX, PSAP, PSEN1, PTEN, PURA, PYCR2, QARS, RARS, RBPJ, RMND1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, RNASET2, RNF216, RPIA, RPS6KC1, SAMHD1, SBF2, SCP2, SDHA, SDHAF1, SDHB, SDHD, SEPSECS, SH3TC2, SHANK3, SHPK, SLC16A2, SLC17A5 , SLC1A4, SLC25A1, SLC25A12, SLC25A22, SLC33A1, SLC35A2, SLC46A1, SLC6A8, SNIP1, SOX10, SPATA5, SPG11, SPG20, SPTAN1, SQSTM1, SSR4, STAMBP, STAT1, STXBP1, SUMF1, SURF1, SYNE1, TACO1, TAF2, TARS2, TM4SF20, TMEM126B, TMEM165, TMEM187, TMEM70, TRAPPC9, TREM2, TREX1, TRMT10A, TRMT5, TSC1, TSEN54, TUBB2A, TUBB4A, TUFM, TYMP, TYROBP, UBE2A, UPB1, VARS2, VCP, VPS11, WWOX, ZEB2, ZFYVE26, ZNF335
  • Molecular confirmation of a clinical diagnosis
  • To assist with decisions about treatment and management of individuals with leukodystrophy or leukoencephalopathy
  • Testing of at-risk relatives for specific known variant(s) previously identified in an affected family member
  • Prenatal diagnosis for known familial pathogenic variant(s) in at-risk pregnancies
  • Next-Gen Sequencing

Ordering

J853
6 weeks
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Oral Rinse (30-40 mL)|Buccal Swabs

Billing

81404x5, 81405x6, 81406x5, 81401x1
Yes
Yes
* For price inquiries please email zebras@genedx.com

References

  1. Vanderver A et al. Leukodystrophy Overview. 2014 Feb 6. In: Pagon RA, Adam MP, Ardinger HH, et al., editors. GeneReviews [Internet]. Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle; 1993-2016. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK184570/.
  2. Bonkowsky et al. (2010) Neurology 75 (8):718-25 (PMID: 20660364)
  3. Heim P, Claussen M, Hoffmann B, Conzelmann E, Gärtner J, Harzer K, Hunneman DH, Köhler W, Kurlemann G, Kohlschütter A. Leukodystrophy incidence in Germany. Am J Med Genet. 1997;71:475–8 (PMID: 9286459).
  4. Zou et al. Whole exome sequencing: an effective and comprehensive genetic testing approach for leukodystrophy [abstract submitted] To be presented at the 2017 ASHG Annual Genetics Meeting, October 17-21, Orlando, FL.