Cowden Syndrome

CS is characterized by increased risk for both benign and malignant tumors of the breast, thyroid, and endometrium. Affected individuals have macrocephaly and almost all will develop the pathognomonic mucocutaneous lesions by the third decade of life, including trichilemmomas, papillomatous papules, and acral and plantar keratoses. Affected females also have a high rate of benign breast disease. Hamartomatous polyposis of the GI tract can be observed, but is rarely symptomatic.

Tests Available

Forms and Documents

Test Details

  • An adult with features of PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS), such as characteristic skin lesions (trichilemmomas, acral keratoses, papillomas, lipomas, etc.), macrocephaly, gastrointestinal polyps (especially hamartomas or ganglioneuromas), Lhermitte-Duclos disease, or associated cancers (breast, endometrial, non-medullary thyroid, renal, melanoma, colon), among other features
  • A child with early-onset features of PHTS, such as macrocephaly, autism, developmental delay, lipomas, penile freckling, or vascular anomalies, among other features
  • An unaffected individual with a family history suggestive of PHTS (see above) when an affected individual is unavailable for his or her own genetic testing

Ordering

195
3 weeks
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Buccal Swabs | Fibroblasts (separate charge for cell culture may apply)

Billing

81321x1, 81323x1
Yes
Yes
* For price inquiries please email zebras@genedx.com

References

  1. Eng, C. Hum Mutat. 22: 183-98, 2003
  2. Marsh, D.J. et al. Hum Mol Genet. 7: 507-15, 1998
  3. Zhou, X.P. et al. Am J Hum Genet. 73: 404-11, 2003
  4. Pezzolesi, M. et al. Hum Mol Genet. 16: 1058-71, 2007
  5. Zhou, X.P. et al. Hum Mol Genet. 9: 765-8, 2000
  6. Zhou, X.P. et al. Lancet. 358: 210-1, 2001
  7. Barker, K. et al. J Med Genet. 38: 480-1, 2001
  8. Smith, J.M. et al., J Med Genet. 39: 937-40, 2002

Forms and Documents

Test Details

AKT3, BRWD3, CCND2, CHD8, CUL4B, DNMT3A, EZH2, GLI3, GPC3, HEPACAM, HERC1, MED12, MTOR, NFIA, NFIX, NSD1, OFD1, PHF6, PIK3CA, PIK3R2, PPP2R5D, PTCH1, PTEN, RAB39B, RNF135, SETD2, SNX14, TBC1D7, UPF3B
  • Molecular confirmation of a clinical diagnosis
  • Identification of at-risk family members
  • Assist with treatment/ management decisions
  • Recurrence risk assessment

Ordering

699
4 weeks
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Buccal Swabs

Billing

81321x1, 81323x1, 81401x1, 81405x1, 81406x1
No
Yes
* For price inquiries please email zebras@genedx.com