Clouston Syndrome

In contrast to the much more common X-linked form of ectodermal dysplasia, most of the patients with the autosomal dominant form have: normal sweat and sebaceous gland function; partial to total alopecia; nail hypoplasia and nail deformities; skin hyperpigmentation, particularly over the joints; normal teeth; and palmoplantar keratoderma.

Tests Available

Forms and Documents

Test Details

GJB6 (Cx30)
  • Confirmation of the clinical diagnosis
  • To distinguish between different forms of ectodermal dysplasias
  • Prenatal diagnosis in families with known mutation
  • Capillary Sequencing

Ordering

157
3 weeks
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Oral Rinse (30-40 mL)|Dried Blood Spots|Buccal Swabs

Billing

81254x1, 81479x1
Yes
Yes
  • 757.31 Congenital ectodermal dysplasia
* For price inquiries please email zebras@genedx.com

References

  1. Jan et al. Genetic heterogeneity of KID syndrome: identification of a Cx30 gene (GJB6) mutation in a patient with KID syndrome and congenital atrichia. J Invest Dermatol. 2004 May;122(5):1108-13
  2. Smith et al. A novel connexin 30 mutation in Clouston syndrome. J Invest Dermatol. 2002 Mar; 118(3):530-2
  3. van Steensel et al. Clouston syndrome can mimic pachyonychia congenita. J Invest Dermatol. 2003 Nov;121(5):1035-8
  4. Lamartine et al. Mutations in GJB6 cause hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. Nat Genet. 2000 Oct;26(2):142-4

Forms and Documents

Test Details

ABCA12, ABHD5, AGPS, ALDH3A2, ALOX12B, ALOXE3, AP1S1, ARSE, CASP14, CERS3, CLDN1, CYP4F22, EBP, ELOVL4, FLG, GJB2 (Cx26), GJB3 (Cx31), GJB4 (Cx30.3), GJB6 (Cx30), KRT1, KRT10, KRT2, KRT9, LIPN, LOR, NIPAL4(Ichthyin), PEX7, PHGDH, PHYH, PNPLA1, PNPLA2, POMP, PSAT1, SDR9C7, SLC27A4, SNAP29, SPINK5, ST14, STS, TGM1, TGM5, VPS33B, ZMPSTE24
  • Identification of the specific molecular basis of congential ichthyosis or related skin disorders
  • Genetic counseling and recurrence risk assessment
  • Option for prenatal testing in future pregnancies

As needed, based on the referring diagnosis and coverage achieved by the XomeDxSlice-Ichthyosis for a given patient, critical exons with a high yield of mutations will be filled-in by dideoxy sequencing. For any autosomal recessive gene, if one definitive mutation is found by XomeDxSlice sequencing, AND the gene fits the type of ichthyosis reported by the referring physician, capillary sequencing will be used to fill in sequence for exons that are not sufficiently covered (>10X) to find the second mutation. If no second mutation is found by sequencing, deletion/duplication analysis of that gene can be performed at no additional cost can be performed at no additional cost.

Patient samples sent for XomeDxSlice will not be evaluated for secondary findings and therefore will not receive secondary findings as part of their result.\\\"

  • Next-Gen Sequencing

Ordering

708
6 weeks
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Oral Rinse (30-40 mL)|Dried Blood Spots|Buccal Swabs

Billing

81252x1, 81254x1, 81479x11
Yes
Yes
* For price inquiries please email zebras@genedx.com