GFAP Gene Sequencing

Forms and Documents

Test Details

  • Confirmation of a clinical diagnosis
  • Differentiation of Alexander disease from Canavan disease
  • Prenatal diagnosis in at-risk pregnancies
  • Capillary Sequencing


3 weeks
2-5 mL Blood - Lavender Top Tube
Oral Rinse (30-40 mL)|Dried Blood Spots|Buccal Brushes


  • 330 Cerebral degenerations usually manifest in childhood Use additional code to identify associated mental retardation
  • 742.4 Other specified anomalies of brain, Congenital cerebral cyst, Macroencephaly, Macrogyria, Megalencephaly, Multiple anomalies of brain NOS, Porencephaly Ulegyria
  • 330.8 Other specified cerebral degenerations in childhood, Alpers' disease or gray-matter degeneration, Infantile necrotizing encephalomyelopathy, Leigh's disease, Subacute necrotizing, encephalopathy or encephalomyelopathy
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  1. Schuelke, M et al., Mutant NDUFV1 subunit of mitochondrial complex I causes leukodystrophy and myoclonic epilepsy. Nat Genet 21(3):260-1. 1999
  2. Brenner, M et al., Mutations in GFAP, encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein, are associated with Alexander disease Nature Genetics 27:117-120 (2001)
  3. Meins M et al., Infantile Alexander Disease: A GFAP Mutation in Monozygotic Twins and Novel Mutations in Two Other Patients Neuropediatrics 33:194-198 (2002)
  4. Rodriguez D et al., Infantile Alexander Disease: Spectrum of GFAP Mutations and Genotype-Phenotype Correlation Am J Hum Genet 69:1134-1140 (2001)
  5. Gorospe JR et al., Molecular findings in symptomatic and pre-symptomatic Alexander disease patients Neurology 58: 1494-1500 (2002)